DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - May 2018Ongoing
The Government of the [DRC] declared a new outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Bikoro in Equateur Province today...The outbreak declaration occurred after laboratory results confirmed two cases of EVD. (WHO, 8 May 2018)
From 4 April through 9 May 2018, a total of 32 [EVD] cases (among which two are confirmed, 18 probable and 12 suspected cases) were reported from Bikoro health zone, Equateur province, including 18 deaths. Three of the 32 cases were among healthcare workers...All cases were reported from the catchment area of the Ikoko-Impenge health facility, located 30 km from the central health zone office of Bikoro, which is 280 km by road from Mbandaka, the capital of Equateur province. Of the 21 initially reported cases on 8 May 2018, 17 had epidemiological links (potential contacts with another suspect case). (WHO, 10 May 2018)
As of 11 May 2018, there are a total of 34 cases, with 18 deaths (case fatality rate 52.9%), among which two cases are confirmed, 14 suspected and 18 probable. Three health workers have been affected, with two suspected cases and a probable case who died. (WHO, 11 May 2018)
The affected community, Ikoko Impenge, is situated in the Bikoro Health Zone of the Equateur province of the DRC. The epicentre is a very remote village; Ikoko Impenge health area is not covered by mobile telephone networks but is accessible by road (though access is difficult especially with the ongoing rainy season). There are currently suspected 10 cases in treatment in two different facilities. Ikoko Impenge health area covers 15km and includes 5 villages, all of which have reported suspected cases. This area of DRC has not suffered previous documented Ebola outbreaks before the current outbreak. (IFRC, 14 May 2018)
One new case of [EVD] has been confirmed in Wangata, one of the three health zones of Mbandaka, a city of nearly 1.2 million people in Equateur Province. (WHO, 17 May 2018)
The 1st meeting of the Emergency Committee convened by the WHO Director-General under the International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005) regarding [EVD] outbreak in [DRC] took place on...18 May 2018...It was the view of the Committee that the conditions for a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) have not currently been met. (WHO, 18 May 2018)
On 15 June 2018, five new suspected EVD cases were reported in Bikoro Health Zone. Six laboratory specimens (from suspected cases reported previously) tested negative. No new confirmed EVD cases and no new deaths were reported on the reporting date. Since 17 May 2018, no new confirmed EVD cases have been reported in Bikoro and Wangata health zones, while the last confirmed case-patient in Iboko Health Zone developed illness on 2 June 2018 and was confirmed 6 June 2018. To date, a total 24 case-patients with confirmed EVD have been cured since the onset of the outbreak. Since the beginning of the outbreak (on 4 April 2018), a total of 57 EVD cases and 28 deaths (case fatality rate 49.1%) have been reported, as of 15 June 2018. Of the 57 cases, 38 have been laboratory confirmed, 14 are probable (deaths for which it was not possible to collect laboratory specimens for testing) and five are suspected. Of the confirmed and probable cases, 27 (52%) are from Iboko, followed by 21 (40%) from Bikoro and four (8%) from Wangata health zones. A total of five healthcare workers have been affected, with four confirmed cases and two deaths. (WHO, 15 Jun 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
Most read (last 30 days)
- DR Congo: Red Cross ramps up support as Ebola response enters critical phase
- Children and the DRC Ebola outbreak: 4 things you need to know
- Children must be at heart of response to Ebola outbreak
- ALIMA opens an Ebola treatment center in DRC equipped with biosecure emergency care units (CUB)
- DRC: MSF Ebola vaccination targets remote communities
1 New event
54 Ongoing events
9 Humanitarian crises
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 55 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
• On 6 June 2018, a high-level visit including the Minister of Health, WHO Deputy Director-General, WHO Representative and UNICEF Representative took place to assess the response in the affected health zones.
• As of 6 June 2018, 1,579 people have been vaccinated in the three affected health zones of Wangata, Bikoro and Iboko of Equateur province.
• A guideline on food support linked to psychosocial care to households affected by EVD was finalized jointly with partners.
Relatives ride in on motorbikes, bust three patients out of an Ebola treatment centre, and take them to a church to be prayed over by 50 people. Later, one dies at home, another in hospital, while the third lives but could have infected an untold number of people.
Dr Hilaire Manzibe, head physician at the Mbandaka Hospital, is among the first to have been vaccinated in the Ebola crisis in the Province of Equateur in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). “Through vaccination we can protect ourselves and the others against the disease”, he explains. “Vaccinating is protecting. Vaccinating is loving.”
MBANDAKA - Distributions of World Food Programme rations have begun in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)’s Ebola-hit Equateur Province as part of an effort to support those directly affected by the latest outbreak of the deadly virus and limit risky population movements.
IMPROVING NIGERIA’S PREPAREDNESS FOR AN EBOLA OUTBREAK
Since the declaration of the outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Nigeria has continued to improve the level of preparedness in the country. The Emergency Operations Centre at the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) remains on alert mode, closely monitoring the situation in the DRC.
This week, preparedness activities in Nigeria were focused largely on strengthening screening measures at the major ports of entry, as well as capacity building of responders.
Le Dr Hilaire Manzibe, Médecin Directeur de l’Hôpital de Mbandaka, est parmi les premiers à avoir été vaccinés contre Ebola dans la Province de l’Équateur en République démocratique du Congo (RDC). « Grâce à la vaccination, nous pouvons nous protéger et protéger les autres contre la maladie », explique-t-il. « Vacciner, c’est protéger et vacciner, c’est aimer ».
Since the last Disease Outbreak News on 30 May 2018, two additional cases have been laboratory confirmed for Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo; both cases were reported from Iboko Health Zone. Recently available information has enabled the classification of some cases to be updated1 .
IOM’S RESPONSE FOCUS
Population Mobility Mapping (PMM) at border-crossings and in the affected province
Points of Entry (POE) surveillance (health screening)
Infection Prevention and Control measures (hygiene promotion) at POE
Risk communication at POE
Cross-border coordination between DRC, Central African Republic (CAR) and Republic of the Congo (ROC)
La RDC expérimente sa neuvième épidémie d’Ebola. La riposte a demeuré efficace suite à la mobilisation de la communauté humanitaire et l’expertise nationale en la matière.
L’insécurité dans le Maniema et le Sud-Kivu : les écoles se vident à la fois des élèves et des équipements. Les élèves sont encore en déplacement alors que leurs bancs restés vides ont servi de bois de chauffage aux assaillants.
Since the start of the Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), UNICEF and its partners have reached more than 300,000 people with lifesaving information about how to avoid contracting the deadly virus, as part of an ongoing awareness-raising campaign targeting more than 800,000 people across the affected areas.
Campaign activities include community workers making in-person home visits, outreach to particularly vulnerable people such as taxi drivers, and the mobilization of community leaders, churches and mass media.
By Arnaldo Vieira
Angolan authorities have shut the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in Malanje Province to prevent the spread of the Ebola virus, media confirmed.
Malanje Province is located 383km northeast of Luanda and is a major point of interaction between Angolans and the Congolese.
According to VOA Radio, the border points on the Angolan side would have 12 police officers, 12 immigration personnel, four nurses and four firefighters and civil protection services officials to ensure the Ebola virus was not allowed in.
Depuis le début de l’épidémie d’Ebola en République démocratique du Congo (RDC), l’UNICEF et ses partenaires ont atteint plus de 300.000 personnes avec des informations vitales de protection contre la maladie à virus Ebola, dans le cadre d’une campagne de sensibilisation visant à atteindre plus de 800.000 personnes dans les zones affectées.
Un document de HRW traite de la protection, de la mise en quarantaine et de la transparence
Q & A Covers Protection, Quarantines, Transparency
(Kinshasa) – The government of the Democratic Republic of Congo should ensure human rights protections in controlling the recent Ebola outbreak, Human Rights Watch said today in releasing a question-and-answer document about the response to the virus. Since 1976, more than 800 people have died in Congo during eight previous Ebola outbreaks.
On May 8, 2018, the Democratic Republic of Congo’s health minister declared an outbreak of Ebola, the highly deadly disease that killed more than 11,000 people in West Africa between 2014 and 2016. The first cases were reported in the remote town of Bikoro, in northwestern Equateur province.
1. Situation update
The outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo remains active. On 3 June 2018, six new suspected EVD cases have been reported in Bikoro (5) and Wangata (1) Health Zones. Three laboratory specimens (from suspected cases reported on 2 June 2018) tested negative. No new confirmed EVD cases and no new deaths have been reported since our last situation update on 1 June 2018.
In response to the ongoing outbreak of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, WHO in collaboration with the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the International Organization for Migration (IOM), Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC) and other partners, has developed a comprehensive strategic response plan for points of entry. The aim of the plan is to avoid the spread of the disease to other provinces or at the international level.