DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - May 2018
The Government of the [DRC] declared a new outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Bikoro in Equateur Province today...The outbreak declaration occurred after laboratory results confirmed two cases of EVD. (WHO, 8 May 2018)
From 4 April through 9 May 2018, a total of 32 [EVD] cases (among which two are confirmed, 18 probable and 12 suspected cases) were reported from Bikoro health zone, Equateur province, including 18 deaths. Three of the 32 cases were among healthcare workers...All cases were reported from the catchment area of the Ikoko-Impenge health facility, located 30 km from the central health zone office of Bikoro, which is 280 km by road from Mbandaka, the capital of Equateur province. Of the 21 initially reported cases on 8 May 2018, 17 had epidemiological links (potential contacts with another suspect case). (WHO, 10 May 2018)
As of 11 May 2018, there are a total of 34 cases, with 18 deaths (case fatality rate 52.9%), among which two cases are confirmed, 14 suspected and 18 probable. Three health workers have been affected, with two suspected cases and a probable case who died. (WHO, 11 May 2018)
The affected community, Ikoko Impenge, is situated in the Bikoro Health Zone of the Equateur province of the DRC. The epicentre is a very remote village; Ikoko Impenge health area is not covered by mobile telephone networks but is accessible by road (though access is difficult especially with the ongoing rainy season). There are currently suspected 10 cases in treatment in two different facilities. Ikoko Impenge health area covers 15km and includes 5 villages, all of which have reported suspected cases. This area of DRC has not suffered previous documented Ebola outbreaks before the current outbreak. (IFRC, 14 May 2018)
One new case of [EVD] has been confirmed in Wangata, one of the three health zones of Mbandaka, a city of nearly 1.2 million people in Equateur Province. (WHO, 17 May 2018)
The 1st meeting of the Emergency Committee convened by the WHO Director-General under the International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005) regarding [EVD] outbreak in [DRC] took place on...18 May 2018...It was the view of the Committee that the conditions for a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) have not currently been met. (WHO, 18 May 2018)
On 15 June 2018, five new suspected EVD cases were reported in Bikoro Health Zone. Six laboratory specimens (from suspected cases reported previously) tested negative. No new confirmed EVD cases and no new deaths were reported on the reporting date. Since 17 May 2018, no new confirmed EVD cases have been reported in Bikoro and Wangata health zones, while the last confirmed case-patient in Iboko Health Zone developed illness on 2 June 2018 and was confirmed 6 June 2018. To date, a total 24 case-patients with confirmed EVD have been cured since the onset of the outbreak. Since the beginning of the outbreak (on 4 April 2018), a total of 57 EVD cases and 28 deaths (case fatality rate 49.1%) have been reported, as of 15 June 2018. (WHO, 15 Jun 2018)
On 27 June 2018, all the people who were exposed to the last confirmed EVD case-patient completed their mandatory 21-day follow up without developing symptoms. This is an important milestone. The last confirmed EVD case in Equateur Province was cured and discharged from the Ebola treatment centre (ETC)[.] (WHO, 3 Jul 2018)
On 3 July 2018, WHO reviewed the level of public health risk associated with the current outbreak. The latest assessment concluded that the current [EVD] outbreak has largely been contained, considering that over 21 days (one maximum incubation period) have elapsed since the last laboratory-confirmed case was discharged and that contact tracing activities ended on 27 June 2018. However, there remains a risk of resurgence from potentially undetected transmission chains and possible sexual transmission of the virus by male survivors. It is therefore, critical to maintain all key response pillars until the end of the outbreak is declared. (WHO, 6 Jul 2018)
Today marks the end of the ninth outbreak of Ebola in [DRC]. [WHO] congratulates the country and all those involved in ending the outbreak...WHO and partners appealed for US$57 million to stop the spread of Ebola. The total funds received by all partners, as tracked by OCHA, amount to US$63 million. Funding towards WHO’s contribution to the Ebola response was provided from: Italy (€ 300 000), UN CERF (US$ 800 000), Gavi (US$ 1 million), USAID (US$ 5.3 million), Wellcome Trust and UK-DFID (US$ 4.1 million), UK-DFID (£5 million), Germany (€5 million), Norway (NOK 8 million), Canada (CAD$1 million), World Bank PEF (US$ 6.8 million), Japan (US$1.3 million), EU ECHO (€1.5 million) and from the Ebola MPTF (US$ 428,000) bringing the total to approximately US$36 million. (WHO, 24 Jul 2018)
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On 24 July 2018, the Ministry of Health of the Democratic Republic of Congo declared the end of the ninth outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the country. The announcement comes 42 days (two incubation periods) after blood samples from the last confirmed Ebola patient twice tested negative for the disease.
In June, UNICEF participated in the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) Humanitarian Affairs Segment (HAS) side event focusing on nutrition and food security co-hosted by UNICEF, WFP and FAO - In June, 90,430 people were provided with essential household items, and shelter materials through the Rapid Response to Population Movement (RRMP).
Situation - Key Numbers
4.49 million Internally Displaced persons (IDPs) (OCHA, April 2018)
7.9 million children in need of humanitarian assistance (OCHA, Jan.2018)
2 million Children are suffering from Sever Acute malnutrition (DRC Cluster Nutrition, May 2018)
12,726 cases of cholera reported since January 2018 (Ministry of Health, June 2018)
As 42 days (two incubation periods) have passed since the last possible exposure to a confirmed Ebola virus disease case, on 24 July 2018, the Minister of Health, Dr Oly Ilunga announced the end of the outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. WHO Director-General, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, and Regional Director for Africa, Dr Matshidiso Moeti, commends the country and partners in the response against the outbreak while urging them to extend this success to combatting other diseases in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Brussels, 25 July 2018
The World Health Organisation has today declared the Ebola virus outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo to be over. These are welcome news.
Today our thoughts are with the victims and the brave health workers who fought on the frontline against this dangerous virus in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Geneva, 25 July 2018 – The following can be attributed to Elhadj As Sy, Secretary General of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC):
“We join the DRC Ministry of Health, the World Health Organization, the DRC Red Cross and, above all, the people of Equateur Province in celebrating today’s announcement. Of course, our thoughts are always with the families of those who died as well as the survivors.
En réponse à l'annonce faite aujourd’hui de la fin de l’épidémie Ébola en République démocratique du Congo, Tamba Emmanuel Danmbi-saa, responsable du programme humanitaire d'Oxfam en RDC, a déclaré: "Aujourd'hui, la RDC pousse un soupir de soulagement en voyant le pays exempt d'Ébola. Le travail acharné et la réponse rapide du secteur de la santé, du gouvernement, des agences d'aide humanitaire et des communautés affectées montrent ce qui peut être réalisé grâce à un effort d'équipe bien coordonné.
With the recent outbreak declared over in little more than two months, the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s health minister explains how a major crisis was avoided
The ninth and latest outbreak of the deadly Ebola virus in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is now over. I did not think I would be able to utter these words so soon after it all started on 8 May. This outbreak, the most challenging the country has ever faced, had all the makings of a major crisis.
La République démocratique du Congo a officiellement annoncé la fin de l’épidémie d’Ebola. Un succès qu’il convient de mettre au crédit des mesures de prévention rapidement mises en œuvre. Sabine Hediger, infirmière suisse expérimentée, a prêté main-forte à l’équipe internationale de la Croix-Rouge déployée sur le terrain.
KINSHASA, 24 juillet 2018 –Le Gouvernement de la République Démocratique du Congo a annoncé aujourd’hui le 25 juillet 2018 à Kinshasa la fin de l'épidémie à virus d’Ebola, onze semaines après sa déclaration dans la Province de l’Equateur, au Nord–ouest de la République démocratique du Congo. L’UNICEF se félicite de la réponse coordonnée et efficace sous la coordination du Ministre de la Santé qui a permis de rapidement endiguer la propagation de la maladie.
The Democratic Republic of Congo’s (DRC) Ministry of Health (MoH) declared today the end of a recent Ebola epidemic. Between May and mid-July, the international medical humanitarian organization Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) ran a three-month emergency intervention in Equateur Province to aid the MoH and the World Health Organization’s (WHO) response.
Bruxelles, le 25 juillet 2018
L'Organisation mondiale de la santé a déclaré ce jour que l'épidémie du virus Ebola en République démocratique du Congo (RDC) était terminée. C'est une bonne nouvelle.
Toutes nos pensées vont aujourd'hui aux victimes et aux vaillants professionnels de la santé qui ont été en première ligne dans les combats livrés contre ce dangereux virus en République démocratique du Congo.
24 juillet 2018
Communiqué de presse
Aujourd’hui marque la fin de la neuvième flambée d’Ebola en République démocratique du Congo (RDC). L’Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) félicite le pays et tous ceux qui ont été impliqués pour juguler cette flambée, tout en les exhortant à étendre ce succès à la lutte contre d’autres maladies en RDC.
KINSHASA, 24 July, 2018 – The Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) today announced the end of the Ebola virus epidemic, eleven weeks after its declaration in the Province of Ecuador, in the country’s northwest. UNICEF commends the effective joint response, under the coordination of the Ministry of Health, which was instrumental in helping to stem the spread of the disease.
In response to the announcement today, that the latest Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo has officially ended, Oxfam’s humanitarian programme manager in the DRC, Tamba Emmanuel Danmbi-saa, said:
“Today the DRC breathes a sigh of relief that the country is Ebola-free.
24 July 2018 News Release KINSHASA/GENEVA
Today marks the end of the ninth outbreak of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The World Health Organization (WHO) congratulates the country and all those involved in ending the outbreak, while urging them to extend this success to combatting other diseases in DRC.
WHO Director-General, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, and Regional Director for Africa, Dr Matshidiso Moeti, joined Minister of Health Dr Oly Ilunga for the announcement in Kinshasa.
See at a glance how the United Nations Humanitarian Response Depot supported its partners' response to global humanitarian crises in this overview of major shipments and events from January through June 2018.
Situation in Numbers
306,392 # of refugees and asylum seekers, Burundians and Congolese, in three camps (UNHCR, 31 May 2018)
165,452 (54 per cent) # of refugee children requiring humanitarian assistance.
61,278 (20 per cent) # of under 5 children living in the three refugee camps.
33,153 # of refugees voluntarily returned to Burundi of the 58,464 registered as of June 2018.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 54 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
Kinshasa/Nairobi/Geneva, 23 July 2018 – Tomorrow (24 July) will mark 42 days since the last patient with Ebola was identified in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
If no other cases of the Ebola virus disease are identified, the DRC Ministry of Health will announce the official end of the outbreak on Wednesday 25 July.