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11 Dec 2017 description

To date, there are nearly 860,000 Rohingya refugees in Cox’s Bazar – of whom 646,000 have arrived since 25 August. Not only has the pace of new arrivals since 25 August made this the fastest growing refugee crisis in the world, the concentration of refugees in Cox’s Bazar is now amongst the densest in the world.

11 Dec 2017 description

1. Population under Epidemiological Surveillance and Reporting Units

During epidemiological week 48 (26 November-2 December 2017), there was a 0.1% decrease in the population1 under EWARS compared to the previous epidemiological week (from 827,609 to 827,181). Overall, the settlement populations remained more or less stable.

11 Dec 2017 description

The number of suspected diphtheria cases among the Rohingya refugees in Cox's Bazaar has increased to 549, with nine confirmed deaths as of 11 December. The extremely congested conditions in the camps, low immunization coverage of the refugees, the lack of clean water and proper sanitation facilities are conducive to a rapid spread of the epidemic, with the number of cases expected to double every three to five days.

11 Dec 2017 description

As of 6 December, 110 clinically diagnosed cases of diphtheria, including six deaths have been reported, with most cases in the Balukhali makeshift settlement (BMS), located in the larger Kutupalong–Balukhali expansion site. Other cases have been detected in Jamtoli and Thangkhali settlements. Low vaccination coverage amongst the camp population increases their vulnerability to the disease, which is particularly deadly for children. Congestion in sites, unevenly distributed health facilities and poor WASH infrastructure facilitate the spread of the disease, particularly during winter.

11 Dec 2017 description


The number of displaced people in the Eastern Region reached nearly 110,000, including more than 93,000 people in Nangarhar Province. Of those displaced in Nangarhar, 56,000 arrived since mid-October from Khogyani due to fighting between armed groups. In total, more than 390,000 people in Afghanistan have been displaced this year.

390,000 people displaced


11 Dec 2017 description
report BRAC

What you need to know today

  • A total of 646,000 forcibly-displaced Myanmar nationals have entered Bangladesh since 25 August (Source: ISCG report, 7 December)

  • BRAC's total coverage (based on sanitation) is 498,680 people with installation of 12,467 latrines (181 today). BRAC ensures access to safe water for 320,956 people through 1,201 shallow tube wells, 24 deep tube wells, three ring wells. 2,578 bathing cubicles were set up (88 today) especially for women and adolescent girls.

10 Dec 2017 description

News release

6 DECEMBER 2017 | GENEVA - Diphtheria is rapidly spreading among Rohingya refugees in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, WHO warned today.

More than 110 suspected cases, including 6 deaths, have been clinically diagnosed by health partners, including Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and the International Federation of the Red Cross (IFRC).

10 Dec 2017 description


  • As of 6 December 2017, the cumulative number of new arrivals in all sites was 626,000. This number includes over 343,000 arrivals in Kutupalong Balukhali expansion site, 237,000 in other camps and settlements, and 46 000 arrivals in host communities.

  • As of 6 December, 354,982 adolescents and children received measles and rubella vaccination. Rapid convenience assessments are being carried out in parallel to the campaign, and based on their results corrective actions will be taken.

08 Dec 2017 description
  • According to a WHO statement on 6 December, diphtheria is rapidly spreading in the refugee camps in Cox's Bazaar, with the epicentre of the outbreak being located in Kutupalong, Balukali and Jamtoli refugee camps. As of 8 December, over 110 people have contracted the disease, including six fatalities. The majority of people affected are between 5 and 15 years old. This airborne disease is highly contagious in congested environments. Immediate relocation of populations and additional sites and land are required to limit the spread of the outbreak.

03 Dec 2017 description

1. Overview of the Early Warning and Response System (EWARS)

The World Health Organization (WHO) in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHWF) established a disease early warning and response system (EWARS) in Cox’s Bazar district, Chittagong division in Bangladesh as a response to the influx of Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals (FDMN) in early September 2017.