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08 Jan 2018 description
report BRAC

What you need to know today

• A total of 655,000 forcibly-displaced Myanmar nationals have entered Bangladesh since 25 August (Source: ISCG report, 31 December)

05 Jan 2018 description

Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières doctor Nina Goldman is currently in Bangladesh, where MSF provides medical care to hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees who fled violence in neighboring Myanmar. Here, she describes the diphtheria outbreak that is currently affecting the makeshift camps where refugees have settled.

04 Jan 2018 description
report BRAC

What you need to know today

• A total of 655,000 forcibly-displaced Myanmar nationals have entered Bangladesh since 25 August (Source: ISCG report, 26 December)

03 Jan 2018 description

Since 25 August, more than 656,000 Rohingya refugees have fled violence in Myanmar and crossed into Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Not only has the pace of new arrivals made this the fastest growing refugee crisis, the concentration of refugees in Cox’s Bazar is now amongst the densest in the world.

Key numbers

212,000 Rohingya estimated to be in Cox’s Bazar before the August influx

656,000 New arrivals as of 31 December 2017

868,000 Total number of Rohingya refugees estimated to be in Cox’s Bazar.

03 Jan 2018 description

Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, 2 January 2018 - As schools reopened on 1st January after the winter break, children in Ukhia sub-district of Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, lined up to not only receive new books, but also a dose of diphtheria tetanus (DT) vaccine.

Children were vaccinated by WHO and UNICEF mobilized vaccinators and military nurses, as all health system staff remained on country-wide strike.

02 Jan 2018 description

Fiona MacGregor
This article was first published in The National, UAE Edition.

02 Jan 2018 description


  • 655,500 new arrivals (Since 25th August) are reported as of 31 December (IOM Needs and Population Monitoring).

  • Since the latest weekly situation report on 17 December, there have been 628 new arrivals.

  • Kindly note that due to the holiday period, not all sectors are represented in this situation report.
    The next full situation report will be issued on 14th January.

  • 655,500 Cumulative arrivals since 25 Aug

  • 548,000 Arrivals in Kutupalong Expansion Site

31 Dec 2017 description


  • As of 26 December 2017, a total of 2 526 cases suspected with diphtheria have been reported, of whom 96 presented at the treating health facilities on 26 December 2017. A total of 27 deaths have been recorded so far.

  • As of 26 December, 109 487 children 6 weeks to under 7 years were vaccinated with Penta,
    PCV, and bOPV and 102 383 children aged 7-15 years were vaccinated with Td vaccine.

30 Dec 2017 description

In the past week, some 700 Rohingya refugees crossed into Bangladesh through Teknaf. They were assisted by UNHCR and partners and transfer to Nayapara settlement.

The Governments of Bangladesh and of Myanmar established a Joint Working Group (JWG), which is tasked to develop a specific instrument for repatriation.

A referral pathway for “persons at heightened risks” has been rolled out. It aims to ensure that identified refugees in need are linked to specialized services and care.


29 Dec 2017 description


Rohingya Population in Cox’s Bazar


New Arrivals since 25 August 2017 in Cox’s Bazar

1.2 Million

People in Need in Cox’s Bazar

Key Highlights

  • As of 28 December, IOM has distributed over 124,000 tarpaulins, 9,000 bamboo bundles, 200,000 blankets, 125,000 floor mats and 35,000 kitchen sets as key emergency shelter materials.

28 Dec 2017 description

More than 40 British doctors, nurses and firefighters from the UK’s Emergency Medical Team are going to Bangladesh to treat the disease.

More than 40 British doctors, nurses and firefighters from the UK’s Emergency Medical Team (EMT) are making their way to Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh to save thousands of lives at risk from a rapid and deadly outbreak of diphtheria.

27 Dec 2017 description
report UN Children's Fund


  • The humanitarian situation for Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh remains dire, with some 655,000 refugees newly arrived since 25 August 2017. At least 58% of them are children. Even if the pace of arrivals has slowed down, thousands of refugees continue to arrive every week, adding pressure on already heavily stretched resources on the ground.

27 Dec 2017 description

Further disease outbreaks are likely if the refugees’ living conditions don’t improve.

Diphtheria, a disease long forgotten in most parts of the world thanks to increasing rates of vaccination, is re-emerging in Bangladesh, where more than 655,000 Rohingya have sought refuge since 25 August, following increased violence in Myanmar. As of 21 December, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has seen more than 2,000 suspected cases in its health facilities and the number is rising daily. The majority of patients are between five and 14 years old.

27 Dec 2017 description


  • A total of 2248 cases suspected of diphtheria, of whom 26 died, have been reported from 8 November – 23 December 2017. The District Core Committee for Diphtheria Outbreak, chaired by the Civil Surgeon of Cox’s Bazar, has been formalized with WHO and partners to contain the spread of diphtheria through effective treatment, vaccination, and contact tracing activities.

27 Dec 2017 description


Over the 8 week period, from October 16 to December 10, the 5 most frequently reported diseases/syndromes were: unexplained fever (98 523 cases, 15.9%), acute respiratory infection (68 769 cases, 11.1%, with higher incidence rate among children less than 5 years old), acute watery diarrhoea (65 092 cases, 10.5%), and skin diseases (28 693 cases, 4.6%, with similar numbers of reported cases among both children aged under 5 and individuals aged 5 years and older).

26 Dec 2017 description

Epidemiological overview as of 25 Dec 2017


Between 8 Nov 2017 and 25 Dec 2017, 2440 suspected case-patients with diphtheria were reported in the settlements of forcibly displaced Myanmar nationals, Cox’s Bazar (Figure 1), 80 of which were reported on 25 Dec 2017 (Figure 2). Date of onset information is missing for 111 (4.5%) case-patients.


24 Dec 2017 description

Since 25 August, MSF has massively scaled up its operations in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.

Number of MSF health facilities: 19 health posts, three primary health centres and four inpatient health facilities

Number of staff: 2,258 national and international staff as of the end of November

23 Dec 2017 description
report BRAC

What you need to know today

  • A total of 655,000 forcibly-displaced Myanmar nationals have entered Bangladesh since 25 August (Source: ISCG report, 21 December)

22 Dec 2017 description


  • Diphtheria cases tot. number: 1 841 (8 Nov.-20 Dec., reported in the camps for forcibly displaced Myanmar nationals south of Cox’s Bazar)

  • 22 confirmed deaths among Rohingya

  • Overall living conditions in camps are poor and with extreme overcrowded situation, with lack of medical/health facilities