Yemen: Diphtheria Outbreak - Nov 2017Ongoing
Diphtheria is making an alarming comeback in the war torn country, with 189 clinically diagnosed cases and 20 deaths – mostly children and young adults – in the last three months. Most diphtheria cases and deaths have been reported in Ibb governorate but the outbreak is spreading fast, already affecting 13 governorates. The closest points of entry to Ibb are in Sana’a and Hodeida, making it crucial that Sana’a airport and the port of Hodeida remain open. (WHO, 27 Nov 2017)
By 4 December, 318 suspected cases of diphtheria and 28 deaths had been reported in 15 of Yemen’s 20 governorates. Half the suspected cases are children between the ages of 5 and 14, and nearly 95% of deaths are children under 15. Nearly 70% of all suspected cases are in Ibb governorate. (MSF, 12 Dec 2017)
312 suspected cases of diphtheria have been reported in Yemen between mid-August and 20 December. The outbreak has resulted in 35 deaths reported. At 11%, the case fatality rate (CFR) is high. 18 out of Yemen’s 22 governorates are affected, with Ibb having the majority of cases. (ACAPS, 22 Dec 2017)
As of 28 January 2018, Yemen is grappling with a spike in diphtheria, which has claimed 48 lives in the last two months. WHO reported on 11 January 2018 that diphtheria-related deaths had been recorded in 19 governorates. Across the country, 610 suspected cases have been reported. The diphtheria outbreak occurs against the backdrop of a cholera epidemic accounting for more than 2,200 lives lost and more than one million suspected cases reported, since April 2017. (OCHA, 28 Jan 2018)
WHO reports that, as of 15 February 2018, the cumulative number of suspected diphteria cases is 1,085 with 66 associated deaths. 20 governorates and 162 districts have reported suspected cases. Ibb and Al Hudaydah are the most affected governorates. Children under the age of five years account for 30 per cent of suspected cases and for 47 per cent of dipheria associated deaths. (OCHA, 18 Feb 2018)
As of 14 April 2018, the local health authorities reported a total of 1,584 suspected diphtheria cases including 85 associated deaths (CFR=5.4%). The diphtheria outbreak has affected 195 districts from 20 governorates. At governorate level, Ibb and Sana'a are the most affected governorates. Children (<5 years of age) represent 20% of suspected diphtheria cases and 38% of associated deaths. The most affected age group is 5-15 years old representing 44 % of the cases. A cumulative total of 6,842 diphtheria contacts have been given preventative antibiotics, 142 during week 15. (WHO/Gov't of Yemen, 14 Apr 2018)
As of 24 June 2018, local health authorities confirmed a cumulative total of 1,907 suspected diphtheria cases, included 98 associated deaths with Ibb and Sana’a among the most affected governorates. Children between 5-15 years old are the most affected, representing 44% of all cases. (UNICEF, 30 Jun 2018)
The weekly number of probable diphtheria cases identified has remained generally stable over the past several weeks, according to the Yemen Ministry of Public Health and Population (MOPHP). Less than five new probable cases were confirmed during the last week of December 2018, according to the MOPHP. These levels are slightly lower than those reported over the previous month and are significantly lower than those observed since the peak of the outbreak in January 2018, when the number of probable cases identified approached or exceeded 100 cases per week. In terms of cumulative numbers, the governorates worst affected by the diphtheria outbreak include Ibb, Sana’a, Hajjah, and Al Hudaydah governorates. (FEWS NET, 17 Jan 2019)
A total cumulative of probable diphtheria cases has reached 3,543 cases, with 203 associated deaths (a CFR rate of 5.7 per cent). As of 31 March, 22 governorates and 233 districts are reportedly affected by the diphtheria outbreak. Given the onset of diseases such as cholera, diphtheria and measles, UNICEF has continued to prioritize and expand on its immunization activities in Yemen. (UNICEF, 31 Mar 2019)
As of the end of June, there have been over 3,800 probable cases, with 214 associated deaths. (UNICEF, 30 Jun 2019)
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- WHO: WHO EMRO Weekly Epidemiological Monitor: Volume 12, Issue 44 (03 November 2019). 11 Nov 2019
- ACAPS: Access to Basic Needs in Yemen: Scenarios - Possible developments affecting Yemenis' access to basic needs and services in 2020. 7 Nov 2019
- OCHA: 2019 Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (January-December 2019) [EN/AR]. 19 Feb 2019
- OCHA: Yemen: Humanitarian Response Plan January-December 2018 [EN/AR]. 20 Jan 2018
- OCHA: Yemen Humanitarian Update Covering 7 - 21 March 2019 | Issue 5 [EN/AR]. 24 Mar 2019
- As of 14 April 2018, the local health authorities reported a total of 1,584 suspected diphtheria cases including 85 associated deaths (CFR=5.4%).
• The diphtheria outbreak has affected 195 districts from 20 governorates. At governorate level, Ibb and Sana'a are the most affected governorates.
• Children (<5 years of age) represent 20% of suspected diphtheria cases and 38% of associated deaths. The most affected age group is 5-15 years old representing 44 % of the cases.
8235TH MEETING (AM)
With three quarters of Yemen’s population in need of international assistance and hostilities on the rise, senior officials briefing the Security Council this morning urged parties to the conflict to promptly resume peace talks or risk further escalating the world’s worst humanitarian emergency.
• Continued fighting in Yemen’s western governorates of Al Hudaydah and Taizz has displaced more than 19,000 households.
• The losses caused by the fire in the WFP warehouse in Al Hudaydah on 31 March amount to USD 5 million. A fire reportedly broke out in a WFP mobile storage unit for non-food items in Al Hudaydah city on 16 April. Initial reports indicate that the fire has caused minimal damage.
• A WHO-chartered cargo plane delivered 19 tons of medical supplies to Sana’a Airport.
The US$2.01 billion that was pledged last week by donors, if fully disbursed, will account for almost 70 per cent of the 2018 YHRP funding requirements.
Humanitarian response activities are ongoing in northern governorates despite intensified airstrikes and fighting, especially in Sa’ada and Al Jawf.
Analysis shows that more than 57 per cent of all districts were impacted by conflict in 2017; the worst affected witnessed daily airstrikes or armed clashes.
USG announces nearly $87 million in humanitarian funding for Yemen
Conflict displaces more than 94,400 people from and within Al Hudaydah and Ta’izz governorates
WFP vessel carrying 30,000 MT of wheat arrives in Aden
Vaccination campaign against diphtheria targets nearly 2.7 million children
• More than 1.2 million people in need are located in the most inaccessible parts of Yemen
• A fire at a WFP warehouse in Al Hudaydah destroyed over 3,420 MT of relief food items
• A sharp escalation in aerial attacks was reported in Sa’ada and Al Jawf governorates
• Donors at a high-level pledging conference pledged $2.01billion for the 2018 YHRP
More than 9.2 million people in need in areas with high access constraints
Today I announce that Australia will provide further humanitarian assistance to support communities in Yemen facing starvation and disease due to ongoing conflict.
The humanitarian situation in Yemen has been described by the UN as the world's worst man-made humanitarian crisis. Over 10,000 civilians have died since 2011, and more than 22 million people — 80 per cent of the population — need humanitarian assistance.
Watch the MSF Field Report
Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) head of mission Djoen Besselink recently returned from Yemen, where he witnessed how the country’s pervasive conflict has affected nearly every aspect of Yemeni life. Here he describes the situation.
Increased fighting in Taizz and Al Hudaydah governorates has led to the displacement of more than 80,000 people between December 2017 and mid-March 2018. The Saudi-led coalition launched the offensive following the death on 4 December of former president Saleh, with the aim of advancing north along the Red Sea coastline and capturing new territories from the Houthis including Al Hudaydah port. After some advancement, frontlines have remained stalled since January, with conflict parties largely consolidating their positions. Spikes in violence have driven further displacement.
The World Health Organization (WHO) is leading the health response, ensuring access to life-saving health services. This report covers the WHO and health partners’ response to this humanitarian crisis from January to December 2017, and spans five crucial parts: the Health Cluster, the Minimum Service Package (MSP), the cholera and diphtheria outbreaks, managing the treatment of endemic and noncommunicable diseases and financial priority needs and gaps.
Part 1: WHO supports health authorities and the Health Cluster
WHAT: High-Level Pledging Event for the Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen hosted by the United Nations and the Governments of Switzerland and Sweden.
WHO: Mr. António Guterres, Secretary-General of the United Nations
Mr. Ueli Maurer, Vice President of Switzerland and Minister of the Federal Department of Finance
Ms. Isabella Lövin, Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden and Minister for International Development Cooperation and Climate
WHEN: 3 April 2018 from 10.00 a.m. Media stakeout at 1.00 p.m.
Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat (RMMS) summary for February 2018 covering mixed migration events, trends and data for Djibouti, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Somalia / Somaliland and Yemen.
Thank you - a warm welcome to all of you this morning.
I’ve just come out of Yemen. I’ve spent the last week both in the South and in the North of the country and wanted to share some hard-hitting observations. I wanted to also share with you the impact that three years of brutal war and decades of chronic underdevelopment is having on 11 million Yemeni boys and girls.
As of 17 March 2018, the local health authorities reported a total of 1,368 suspected diphtheria cases including 76 associated deaths (CFR=5.5%).
The diphtheria outbreak has affected 179 districts from 20 governorates. Ibb and Al Hudaydah governorates are the most affected governorates.
Children (<5 years of age) represent 20 % of probable diphtheria cases and 41% of associated deaths. The most affected age group is 5-15 years old representing 45 % of the cases.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres announced on the 16 February that former British diplomat Martin Griffiths would be the new UN Envoy for Yemen. Griffiths previously served as an adviser to three special envoys to Syria.
The killing and maiming of 53 and 92 children respectively, was documented and verified this month, in 12 governorates. Child casualties have also increased by three-fold in Al Hudaydah since previous month.
Humanitarian intervention remains critical to mitigating more extreme levels of food insecurity in 2018
AMMAN, Jordan (March 21, 2018) – After three years of brutal conflict, Yemeni people have been left sick, starving, and in the dark, warns international aid organization CARE. An analysis of satellite images by Prof. Xi Li and Prof. Deren Li of China’s Wuhan University shows that Yemen’s cities have lost more than half of their electricity since the escalation of the conflict. Twelve of Yemen’s 21 provinces have lost more than 70 percent of their light compared to before the war, with some losing as much as 95%.