Yemen: Diphtheria Outbreak - Nov 2017Ongoing
Diphtheria is making an alarming comeback in the war torn country, with 189 clinically diagnosed cases and 20 deaths – mostly children and young adults – in the last three months. Most diphtheria cases and deaths have been reported in Ibb governorate but the outbreak is spreading fast, already affecting 13 governorates. The closest points of entry to Ibb are in Sana’a and Hodeida, making it crucial that Sana’a airport and the port of Hodeida remain open. (WHO, 27 Nov 2017)
By 4 December, 318 suspected cases of diphtheria and 28 deaths had been reported in 15 of Yemen’s 20 governorates. Half the suspected cases are children between the ages of 5 and 14, and nearly 95% of deaths are children under 15. Nearly 70% of all suspected cases are in Ibb governorate. (MSF, 12 Dec 2017)
312 suspected cases of diphtheria have been reported in Yemen between mid-August and 20 December. The outbreak has resulted in 35 deaths reported. At 11%, the case fatality rate (CFR) is high. 18 out of Yemen’s 22 governorates are affected, with Ibb having the majority of cases. (ACAPS, 22 Dec 2017)
As of 28 January 2018, Yemen is grappling with a spike in diphtheria, which has claimed 48 lives in the last two months. WHO reported on 11 January 2018 that diphtheria-related deaths had been recorded in 19 governorates. Across the country, 610 suspected cases have been reported. The diphtheria outbreak occurs against the backdrop of a cholera epidemic accounting for more than 2,200 lives lost and more than one million suspected cases reported, since April 2017. (OCHA, 28 Jan 2018)
WHO reports that, as of 15 February 2018, the cumulative number of suspected diphteria cases is 1,085 with 66 associated deaths. 20 governorates and 162 districts have reported suspected cases. Ibb and Al Hudaydah are the most affected governorates. Children under the age of five years account for 30 per cent of suspected cases and for 47 per cent of dipheria associated deaths. (OCHA, 18 Feb 2018)
As of 14 April 2018, the local health authorities reported a total of 1,584 suspected diphtheria cases including 85 associated deaths (CFR=5.4%). The diphtheria outbreak has affected 195 districts from 20 governorates. At governorate level, Ibb and Sana'a are the most affected governorates. Children (<5 years of age) represent 20% of suspected diphtheria cases and 38% of associated deaths. The most affected age group is 5-15 years old representing 44 % of the cases. A cumulative total of 6,842 diphtheria contacts have been given preventative antibiotics, 142 during week 15. (WHO/Gov't of Yemen, 14 Apr 2018)
Maps & Infographics
Most read (last 30 days)
- UNICEF and The World Bank Emergency Cash Transfers Reach 9 million of the Most Vulnerable People in War-torn Yemen [EN/AR]
- Yemen: Humanitarian Dashboard (January - April 2018)
- UNICEF Yemen Humanitarian Situation Report (April 2018) [EN/AR]
- Yemen Humanitarian Update Covering 4 – 11 June 2018 | Issue 19
- Yemen - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #8, Fiscal Year (FY) 2018
• Humanitarian agencies are increasingly worried by the likely impact of a possible military assault on Al Hudaydah City which will impact hundreds of thousands of civilians.
• Prepositioning of aid supplies continues throughout the Governorate as aid organisations plan to stay and deliver • Forty-six migrants drown off the coast of Yemen
INCREASED CONCERNS AT A POSSIBLE MILITARY ASSAULT ON AL HUDAYDAH
Protection Needs Assessment for 222 HHs.
Nutritional Services in 7 health facilities in Ibb governorate.
CMAM Trainings for health workers and community health volunteers.
Medical Health Services in 7 health facilities in Ibb governorate.
Outreach (door-to-door) activities.
Water Tanks Installation.
Feasibility Study on Water Resources.
1000 Hygiene Kits & 2000 Jerry Water Cans for Fara Al-Udayn district.
Conflict intensifies in Al Hudaydah Governorate; humanitarian actors prepare for additional displacement
First containerized vessel delivers supplies to Al Hudaydah Port since November 2017 port closures
Health actors launch cholera and diphtheria vaccination campaigns in high-risk areas
329 Meeting of the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on immunization, April 2018 – conclusions and recommendations
329 Réunion du Groupe stratégique consultatif d’experts sur la vaccination, avril 2018 – conclusions et recommandations
Health Cluster partners continue to provide health services by supporting 1,753 Health Facilities (16 Governorate Hospitals, 95 District Hospitals, 50 General Hospitals, 19 Specialized Hospitals, 456 Health Centers and 1,117 Health Units). The Health Cluster partners also support the GHO and DHO through paying incentives to health staff as well as administration / logistics support to local health authorities.
22.2M People in need
2M IDPs 89% of IDPs displaced for more than a year
956K IDP returnees
CRI 1M recipients of CRIs since March 2015
279K refugees and asylum seekers
$198.7M requested in 2018
$107.6M received as of 30 May 2018
AMMAN/SANA’A, 28 May 2018 – Nearly 1.5 million of the most vulnerable families in Yemen – an estimated 9 million people - have received emergency cash transfers from the Emergency Cash Transfer Project implemented by UNICEF and funded and supported by the World Bank’s International Development Association.
The joint UNICEF-World Bank emergency cash transfer project was launched in mid-2017 and this week concluded its second payment to the most vulnerable Yemenis. A third payment is being planned for August 2018.
The security situation in Yemen deteriorated in April with attacks on civilians and civilian infrastructure, including a UNICEF constructed water system, and the tragic death of an international humanitarian aid worker. Further, this month 61 children were verified as killed and 67 children were maimed.
Conflict intensifies in northern and western Yemen, resulting in civilian casualties, water infrastructure destruction, and additional displacement
Low commercial imports contribute to high prices and shortages, hindering access to basic items and services
Health actors identify seven laboratoryconfirmed cholera cases
The 26 March 2018 saw the third anniversary of the Yemen conflict, which continues to heavily impact the lives of children. As fighting continued this month, 16 children were reportedly killed and 39 were injured.
UNICEF launched a report highlighting the negative effects of conflict on children's education. It also appealed to warring parties to put an end to the war and all grave violations against children.
- As of 14 April 2018, the local health authorities reported a total of 1,584 suspected diphtheria cases including 85 associated deaths (CFR=5.4%).
• The diphtheria outbreak has affected 195 districts from 20 governorates. At governorate level, Ibb and Sana'a are the most affected governorates.
• Children (<5 years of age) represent 20% of suspected diphtheria cases and 38% of associated deaths. The most affected age group is 5-15 years old representing 44 % of the cases.
8235TH MEETING (AM)
With three quarters of Yemen’s population in need of international assistance and hostilities on the rise, senior officials briefing the Security Council this morning urged parties to the conflict to promptly resume peace talks or risk further escalating the world’s worst humanitarian emergency.
• Continued fighting in Yemen’s western governorates of Al Hudaydah and Taizz has displaced more than 19,000 households.
• The losses caused by the fire in the WFP warehouse in Al Hudaydah on 31 March amount to USD 5 million. A fire reportedly broke out in a WFP mobile storage unit for non-food items in Al Hudaydah city on 16 April. Initial reports indicate that the fire has caused minimal damage.
• A WHO-chartered cargo plane delivered 19 tons of medical supplies to Sana’a Airport.
The US$2.01 billion that was pledged last week by donors, if fully disbursed, will account for almost 70 per cent of the 2018 YHRP funding requirements.
Humanitarian response activities are ongoing in northern governorates despite intensified airstrikes and fighting, especially in Sa’ada and Al Jawf.
Analysis shows that more than 57 per cent of all districts were impacted by conflict in 2017; the worst affected witnessed daily airstrikes or armed clashes.
USG announces nearly $87 million in humanitarian funding for Yemen
Conflict displaces more than 94,400 people from and within Al Hudaydah and Ta’izz governorates
WFP vessel carrying 30,000 MT of wheat arrives in Aden
Vaccination campaign against diphtheria targets nearly 2.7 million children