Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - Jul 2017Ongoing
A cholera outbreak that started in Blue Nile state in August 2016 began to spread rapidly as of April this year. Conservative estimates suggest a minimum of between 15,000-23,000 people infected, with 280-820 deaths. It is currently affecting Gedarif, White Nile, Khartoum, Sennar, River Nile, North Kordofan, and Gezira states. White Nile is host to a large South Sudanese refugee population and has had the highest number of cases so far. A state of emergency has not yet been declared and response has been limited. An underfunded health system and poor WASH facilities have contributed to the spread of infection. (ACAPS, 16 Jun 2017)
In Sudan, cases of acute watery diarrhoea have appeared for the first time in camps hosting internally displaced Sudanese in Darfur. (WHO, 10 Jul 2017)
According to the Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) and [WHO] as of 18 August 2017, 30,762 cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD)—including 657 related deaths—have been reported in the 18 states in the country since August 2016. Based on the attack rate projections another 36,000 to 40,000 cases are expected over the next six to nine months, according to the FMoH and WHO. The AWD is affecting all demographics, with females constituting 54 per cent of the cases and children under five years of age accounting for 8.1 per cent. ( OCHA, 27 Aug 2017)
Only 78 new cases of AWD and two related deaths were reported from 8 to 14 October, down from a peak of nearly 2,000 new cases at the end of June 2017. Eight states reported active case transmissions and the only state reporting two AWD-related deaths was South Kordofan. Meanwhile, the FMoH continued to lead an active scale-up of interventions to ensure a final stop to the spread of AWD (OCHA, 22 Oct 2017.)
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- UNICEF Sudan Humanitarian Situation Report, October 2017
- Red Sea hospital reports new 'watery diarrhoea' cases
A health source in Red Sea state reported that nine cases of “acute watery diarrhoea” are being treated in the hospital in Tokar on Wednesday.
The source confirmed to Radio Dabanga that the patients were confined inside Tokar, and said he is concerned about the increasing number of incidents of the disease. “The environment is deteriorating terribly and the health care in the hospital is poor.”
Acute Watery Diarrhoea has affected Sudan since August 2016, infecting over 36,000 people and killing over 800. Over the next five weeks, read along as we introduce you to the people living with and fighting against this deadly disease.
This week: Hammad Yousif Ibrahim (42) from Kosti, White Nile State, was treated for life-threatening AWD at WHO's Cholera Treatment Center (CTC) in Kosti.
The number of suspected cases of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) has been declining for six consecutive weeks with only 50 new cases in the past week, and one related death. The case fatality rate (CFR) has declined from average 30 deaths per week to less than two in the last three to four weeks. Currently, only three states report active case transmissions. The focus in now on updating the current plan to increase the investment on preparedness and prevention while continuing the important ongoing response.
The humanitarian situation in Sudan’s Blue Nile state continues to deteriorate. A combination of ongoing violence, flooding, and poor access to food forced 27,000 people to flee their homes in September. The crisis is also forcing people to take more desperate measures, increasing their risk of danger.
• AWD cases in Sudan have come down during the past weeks, however, response must continue until no cases are reported for three consecutive weeks nationwide.
• An estimated 185,000 South Sudanese refugees have arrived in Sudan in 2017.
• WFP distributed food to 66,200 people in need of assistance in Golo town.
• WHO provided medicine to Golo hospital to cover health needs in the Jebel Marra area for three months.
• More model villages will be built in Darfur in 2018 with funding from Saudi Arabia.
Two women died and two other people were infected with cholera at Aroma locality of Kassala state last week.
Ahmed Hasan Dirar told Radio Dabanga that one of the cholera patients was transferred to Kassala Hospital in critical condition, while the other patient is still in a temporary isolation centre.
He said that the deaths occurred on Tuesday.
He pointed out that the health staff in the hospital prevented people from approaching the patients for fear of infection.
The European Commission has announced a €106 million humanitarian and development support package to directly assist people in Sudan affected by forced displacement, undernutrition, disease outbreaks and recurrent extreme climatic conditions. Currently, there are an estimated 4.8 million people in Sudan who need urgent assistance. The announcement comes as Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management Christos Stylianides visits EU humanitarian aid projects in Sudan.
The Sudanese Minister of Health, Bahar Idris Abugarda, announced Sudan to be clear of the acute watery diarrhoea epidemic. His ministry completed all arrangements to declare Sudan free of the disease.
Abugarda said on Wednesday, during a visit to North Darfur, that North Darfur has not seen any cases of diarrhoeal disease “for a month”. A wave of the epidemic, by the Sudanese government referred to as acute watery diarrhoea instead of cholera, has hit parts of the country since late last year.
October 14, 2017 (KHARTOUM) - An Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) outbreak in Sudan has killed 800 people since a year ago, according to the latest update from WHO and the Sudanese ministry of health.
The Sudanese government denies a cholera epidemic and insists that it is an infection spread through contaminated food, drinking water, or person-to-person as a result of poor hygiene.
According to the WHO, the Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal infection caused by ingestion of food or water that is contaminated with bacterium Vibrio cholera.
• Flooding causes at least 24 deaths, affects approximately 100,000 people across Sudan
• 2017 HRP receives only 38 percent of requested funding
• An estimated 105,000 people need humanitarian assistance in a newlyaccessible area of Jebel Marra
• UNICEF continues to deliver lifesaving integrated interventions in Jebel Marra: In September, 163 severely acutely malnourished (SAM) children in West Jebel Marra were admitted for treatment In addition, UNICEF provided medical treatment for common childhood illnesses to 478 children under five years of age from West, North and Central Jebel Marra through support to community health workers, and provision of measles vaccines to 2,378 children under two years old.
• UN Country Team welcomes the lifting of US economic sanctions against Sudan.
• In West Darfur, over 13,000 return to their home areas in Sirba and Kulbus localities.
• October harvests will maintain or improve acute food insecurity to Minimal or Stressed levels between October 2017 and January 2018 - FEWS NET.
• AWD cases have reached over 35,000—including 800 related deaths.
No. people in need in Sudan (2017 HNO) - 4.8 million
An unidentified disease reportedly claimed the lives of 12 people from camp Otash for the displaced in Nyala, capital of South Darfur during the past week. 65 others were infected, however all but two have reportedly been discharged from hospital.
One of the sheikhs confirmed to Radio Dabanga that two displaced people from Otash camp remain at Nyala Teaching Hospital.
Heath emergency committee
In just one week, 16 people died of cholera in Murnei camp in West Darfur. In Red Sea state in eastern Sudan, cholera reportedly re-emerged and claimed the life of a girl.
A sheikh in Murnei camp reported to Radio Dabanga that 70 camp residents have been infected and approximately 28 people have been hospitalised in the isolation ward of the camp. The 16 displaced people died from cholera in the period between Saturday until Sunday.