Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - Jul 2017Ongoing
A cholera outbreak that started in Blue Nile state in August 2016 began to spread rapidly as of April this year. Conservative estimates suggest a minimum of between 15,000-23,000 people infected, with 280-820 deaths. It is currently affecting Gedarif, White Nile, Khartoum, Sennar, River Nile, North Kordofan, and Gezira states. White Nile is host to a large South Sudanese refugee population and has had the highest number of cases so far. A state of emergency has not yet been declared and response has been limited. An underfunded health system and poor WASH facilities have contributed to the spread of infection. (ACAPS, 16 Jun 2017)
In Sudan, cases of acute watery diarrhoea have appeared for the first time in camps hosting internally displaced Sudanese in Darfur. (WHO, 10 Jul 2017)
According to the Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) and [WHO] as of 18 August 2017, 30,762 cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD)—including 657 related deaths—have been reported in the 18 states in the country since August 2016. Based on the attack rate projections another 36,000 to 40,000 cases are expected over the next six to nine months, according to the FMoH and WHO. The AWD is affecting all demographics, with females constituting 54 per cent of the cases and children under five years of age accounting for 8.1 per cent. ( OCHA, 27 Aug 2017)
Cholera has reportedly reappeared in Sinkat in Sudan’s Red Sea state amid tight secrecy from the authorities, who continue to refuse to declare a cholera epidemic.
Journalist Osman Hashim told Radio Dabanga that three deaths have been reported in the city's districts on Monday and Tuesday, while three more people were in hospital on Wednesday.
He said that the residents throughout the city have launched clean-up and spraying campaigns to reduce the incidences of the disease.
He attributed the emergence of cholera cases in Sinkat to water pollution.
At least 24 people have died of cholera across Darfur this week, with reports continuing to reach Radio Dabanga of new infections in the region.
Eight people died of cholera and 13 others have been infected in Murnei locality of West Darfur until Tuesday.
A sheikh from camp Murnei for displaced persons told Radio Dabanga that five deaths occurred after the patients were transferred to the camp’s isolation centre on Saturday, while another three died on Sunday.
Khartoum, 19 September 2017. The humanitarian community in Sudan is deeply concerned about the impact of the lack of funding for the Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2017 on the well-being of millions of people in need of humanitarian assistance in Sudan. The United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Sudan, Ms. Marta Ruedas, thanks donors for their continued generosity towards those in need in Sudan and urges that funding be stepped up to ensure people in need receive the life-saving assistance they urgently require.
One person died of cholera, while two others were taken to the isolation centre in Nierteti Hospital in Central Darfur on Monday. Another person died in a camp near Nyala.
On Monday, a medical source in Nierteti Hospital told Radio Dabanga that the number of hospitalised cases at the isolation centre was 13 people.
A displaced person succumbed to cholera at El Salam camp, south of Nyala. Four others were taken to the cholera medical isolation centre in the capital city of South Darfur.
The number of suspected cases of acute watery diarrhea (AWD) in the hardest hit White Nile State is now on a downward trend but the outbreak still continues to affect all 18 states. UNICEF reached more than 3.7 million people in AWD affected and at risk areas with improved purified drinking water through continued chlorination of more than 1,300 water sources in nine affected states.
Seven new cholera cases were recorded in the camps for the displaced near Zalingei, capital of Central Darfur, over the weekend. The isolation centre in Nierteti received four new patients. Cholera is spreading again in eastern Sudan’s Sennar. Hundreds of people have reportedly been infected with Hepatitis B in Blue Nile state’s Geissan.
El Shafee Abdallah, Coordinator of the Central Darfur camps for the displaced told Radio Dabanga that two new cases of cholera were recorded in Khamsa Dagayeg camp on Friday, and five in Hamidiya camp on Friday and Saturday.
Two cases of cholera appeared in Khartoum North, after the capital of Sudan witnessed a relatively low infection rate for several weeks. The isolation centre in the Nierteti Hospital recorded six new cases in the past two days.
The cholera victims came from Teibat El Ahamda district this weekend and have been taken to the local emergency room, a volunteer reported to Radio Dabanga.
“The emergence of new cases may be a result of the accumulation of rainwater and dirt, and the environmental degradation in the district because of poor drainage.”
During the first eight months of 2017, the Sudan Humanitarian Fund allocated a total of almost $22 million through the first allocation and the Reserve for Emergencies.
September 11, 2017 (KHARTOUM) - Sudan’s Minister of Health Bahar Idris Abu Garda Monday said the “Acute Watery Diarrhoea” (AWD) cases in east Jebel Marra area, South Darfur state have declined significantly, pointing that the daily average of incidents falls between 4 to 5 cases.
Last week, the government of South Darfur set up a high-level body to work alongside the state health ministry’s emergency committee to tackle the AWD that has hit large parts of the state.
At least 18 cholera patients died in Darfur and Blue Nile state last week. Dozens of new cases were recorded.
Speaking to Radio Dabanga, a sheikh reported from Murnei in West Darfur that six people died of cholera at the Murnei camp for the displaced on Wednesday. Three passed away on Friday.
The camp's isolation centre received 11 new cases on Friday. Eight of them are camp residents, three from the neighbouring villages. The total number of patients being treated at the centre was 28 on Friday.
Four people died of cholera in the hospital in Garsila, Central Darfur, from Tuesday to Thursday. In South Kordofan volunteers said that the hospital runs out of medicines for the increasing number of cases in El Abassiya.
In the hospital in Garsila locality and Um Kheir in Wadi Saleh, four people died and 18 people were infected from Tuesday to Thursday. Medical sources reported to Radio Dabanga that the isolation centre in Garsila Hospital recorded one death on Tuesday and received five new cases during the past three days.
Increased influx of new arrivals to South Darfur continues in August.
Acute watery diarrhea outbreaks in White Nile and East Darfur refugee camps have been contained.
Biometric registration in El Meiram, West Kordofan completed, with registration now underway in Kharasana.
5,846 Total new arrivals in August 2017
182,100 Total new arrivals in 2017 so far
459,811 South Sudanese refugees who have fled to Sudan since December 2013.
Eight people died of cholera at Dauo and Fina areas of Darfur’s East Jebel Marra on Monday and Tuesday, while a medical isolation centre in the area recorded more than 150 cases from Saturday to Tuesday, volunteers working in East Jebel Marra reported to Radio Dabanga. This was confirmed by doctors related to the Ministry of Health in South Darfur.
September 6, 2017 (NYALA) - The government of South Darfur has set up a high-level body to work alongside the state health ministry’s emergency committee to tackle the "Acute Watery Diarrhoea" (AWD) that has hit large parts of the state.
Sudanese health authorities refuse to declare a suspected outbreak of cholera an epidemic despite the death of 657 people and infection of 30762 others since August 2016 when it appeared in the Blue Nile state.
They insist that the disease is the Acute Watery Diarrhoea.
Thirteen people died of cholera in a district of Nyala, medical sources reported on Sunday. One of the nearby camps for displaced people is treating “dozens of infected people”.
The medics and medical volunteers in Nyala, the capital of South Darfur, reported the deaths of 13 people and the infection of 91 people in El Wehda district in the southern part of the city.
September 4, 2017 (EL-FASHER) - A member of the North Darfur Legislative Council urged the state ministry of health to diagnose cases similar to the watery diarrhoea epidemic appeared at El-Fasher Teaching Hospital.
MP Suleiman Mukhtar Musa told Sudan Tribune on Monday he noted the presence of a large number of patients suffering from diarrhoea. when he went to the hospital with a patient.
"But so far, they have not confirmed whether the diarrhoea is a watery diarrhoea or not ... Unfortunately, there are at least 11 critical cases," he added.
Murnei camp in West Darfur recorded six deaths over the last days, and 13 new cases of cholera. Isolation wards in Central Darfur recorded three deaths over the weekend, and reports re-emerged from El Roseires locality in Blue Nile.
A sheikh in Murnei camp for displaced people told Radio Dabanga that by Sunday, a total of 22 patients were admitted to the camp's isolation ward. From Sunday 27 August until last Thursday, 17 people reportedly succumbed to cholera.