Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
In Ethiopia, 348 cases had been confirmed and 40 outbreaks reported in Addis Ababa, Afar, Amhara, Oromia, Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples, Somali and Tigray regions, as of 31 March 2017. The majority of the cases (39 per cent) have occurred among children under five years. Although not yet officially confirmed by the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH), over 100 cases of measles were additionally reported during the month of April 2017 in Gashamo Woreda, Jarar zone, in Somali region, which would bring total number of cases in 2017 to approximately 450 cases. (UNICEF, 17 May 2017)
The measles outbreak is still persisting. During week 24, a total of 37 new suspected measles cases were reported in the country. Since the beginning of 2017, a total of 2,119 suspected measles cases were reported from across the country. This includes 979 confirmed cases (434 laboratory-confirmed, 490 epidemiologically-linked and 55 clinically compatible cases). Of the reported cases, 18.5% had not received any measles vaccination and 44.1% had an unknown status. Oromia is still the most affected region, with 32% of reported cases, followed by Amhara (28%), Addis Ababa (17%) and SNNPR (11%). (WHO, 23 Jun 2017)
The outbreak of measles is still ongoing but continues to improve. During week 44, 35 cases were reported including 3 lab-confirmed cases. Oromia Region remains the most affected region with 46% of the total reported cases, followed by Amhara 21 %, Addis Ababa 16 %, and Somali 20 %. (WHO, 1 Dec 2017)
The outbreak of measles continues to improve. During week 47, 37 cases were reported from Dollo zone and Jijiga City. Oromia Region remains the most affected region with approximately 46% of the total reported cases, followed by Amhara (21 %), Addis Ababa (16 %) and Somali (20 %). (WHO, 05 Jan 2018)
In 2018, a total of 2 625 suspected measles cases have been reported across the country including 56 new suspected cases reported in week 23. From the total suspected cases reported, 699 are confirmed cases (102 laboratory confirmed, 553 epi-linked and 44 clinically compatible). A total of 18 laboratory confirmed measles outbreaks have been reported up to week 26 and five [Amhara (1) and Somali (4) regions] are currently active. So far, the outbreaks reported are from the regions of Amhara (4), SNNPR (1), Somali (12), and Tigray (1). Between January and December 2017, a cumulative total of 4 011 suspected measles cases have been reported across the country. (WHO, 6 Jul 2018)
In 2018, a total of 3 062 suspected measles cases have been reported across the country. From the total suspected cases reported, 857 were confirmed cases (137 laboratory confirmed, 688 epi-linked and 52 clinically compatible). In week 34 (week ending 26 August 2018), no new suspected or confirmed cases were reported. (WHO, 14 Sep 2018)
Most read reports
- UNICEF Horn of Africa Drought Situation as of September 2018
- UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #8 – Reporting Period: August 2018
- Ethiopia Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin, 8 May 2017
- WHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 40: 29 September - 5 October 2018 (Data as reported by 17:00; 5 October 2018)
- ACAPS Briefing Note - Ethiopia: Somali, Oromia and Tigray Displacement, 31 August 2018
In the second half of the year, Ethiopia has faced with an unprecedented surge of inter- communal conflict in Gedeo zone (SNNP region) and West Guji zone (Oromia region), which at its height, displaced some 818,000 people.
Ethiopia is host to the second largest refugee population in Africa, sheltering 905,831 registered refugees and asylum seekers as of 31 August 2018.
So far in 2018, 36,185 refugees arrived in Ethiopia, including 1,626 in August. They are mostly from South Sudan and Eritrea.
Intercommunal conflict in the Somali and Oromia border regions that escalated on 4 August has led to the internal displacement of more than 141,000 people. Shelter and health assistance are among the most urgent needs for the IDPs. The areas most affected by the conflict are Jijiga in Somali region and East Hararghe area in Oromia, where fatalities among the population were reported. With the exception of a reported influx of around 2,000 displaced people into Mekelle Town of Tigray region, there is no other information regarding the impact of the August events on Tigray.
Government continues peace and reconciliation process to return IDPs in Gedeo and Guji zones
• The Government and partners have taken several measures to enhance response coordination and to boost response capacity at site level. Two Emergency Operation Centres (EOCs) were established in Dilla Town and in Bule Hora Town.
• The response is currently being rapidly scaled-up with diverted resources from life-saving responses to drought, flood and conflict-displacements elsewhere in the country and new resources allocated.
• The number of people displaced by the West Guji (Oromia) – Gedeo (SNNP) inter-communal violence reached 818,000.
• Overall, the security situation in the conflict-affected areas is improving. However, tensions and intermittent, localized incidents continue to be reported and to hinder humanitarian response.
Around 400,000 people have been newly displaced on both sides of the regional borders of Gedeo (SNNP region) and Guji (Oromia region) zones since 1 June (ECHO 19/06/2018). In total, some 700,000 people have been displaced since a new wave of violence between the Gedeo and Guji communities started on 13 April. Insecurity continues to prevent IDPs from returning to their areas of origin (OCHA 14/06/2018; OCHA 22/05/2018; UNICEF 10/05/2018). IDPs are staying in shelters in public buildings and spontaneous IDP sites.
Conflict leads to large scale displacement: Conflict between ethnic Oromos from West Gujji and Gedeos from SNNP region resulted in large scale displacement from both sides, leaving people in dire need of food and non-food assistance. Currently, the government and partners are assessing the needs and will continue to provide coordinated support. Meanwhile, the regional governments of Oromia and SNNP are working jointly to return displaced people to their place of origin and restore peace and security in the area.
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of cluster co-chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 1 March to 31 March 2018.
The HDRP seeks US$1.658 billion to address food needs for 7.88 million people and non-food needs in 2018.
Given the recurrent nature of climate-driven humanitarian crises in Ethiopia, Government and partners have agreed that a significant shift in approach is required.
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 20 December 2017 to 31 January 201 . (All sector requirements will be revised based on the 2018 Humanitarian requirements document, expected to be released mid February).
This document has been prepared jointly by OCHA and the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC), in partnership with Cluster Coordinators, to provide an update on the situation of populations displaced due to conflict on the border between Oromia and Somali regions, and to inform efforts in mobilizing additional international funding and resources in support to the current response.
I. Displacements Overview
INTRODUCTION & KEY TAKEAWAYS
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co-Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 01 to 30 November 2017.
Multi-agency needs assessment kicked off to identify the scope of humanitarian needs for 2018.
• Food security in Somalia deteriorated between August and October due to ongoing conflict and drought conditions
• USAID partners in Kenya remain prepared to respond to civil unrest following the country’s repeat election in October
• Nearly 40 percent of the approximately 578,000 IDPs in Ethiopia’s Oromiya Region lack adequate shelter
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co-Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 01 to 31 October 2017.
The Government, with support from humanitarian partners, continue to address the triple challenge of drought, flood and inter-communal conflict, but resources are stretched.