Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
In Ethiopia, 348 cases had been confirmed and 40 outbreaks reported in Addis Ababa, Afar, Amhara, Oromia, Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples, Somali and Tigray regions, as of 31 March 2017. The majority of the cases (39 per cent) have occurred among children under five years. Although not yet officially confirmed by the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH), over 100 cases of measles were additionally reported during the month of April 2017 in Gashamo Woreda, Jarar zone, in Somali region, which would bring total number of cases in 2017 to approximately 450 cases. (UNICEF, 17 May 2017)
The measles outbreak is still persisting. During week 24, a total of 37 new suspected measles cases were reported in the country. Since the beginning of 2017, a total of 2,119 suspected measles cases were reported from across the country. This includes 979 confirmed cases (434 laboratory-confirmed, 490 epidemiologically-linked and 55 clinically compatible cases). Of the reported cases, 18.5% had not received any measles vaccination and 44.1% had an unknown status. Oromia is still the most affected region, with 32% of reported cases, followed by Amhara (28%), Addis Ababa (17%) and SNNPR (11%). (WHO, 23 Jun 2017)
The outbreak of measles is still ongoing but continues to improve. During week 44, 35 cases were reported including 3 lab-confirmed cases. Oromia Region remains the most affected region with 46% of the total reported cases, followed by Amhara 21 %, Addis Ababa 16 %, and Somali 20 %. (WHO, 1 Dec 2017)
The outbreak of measles continues to improve. During week 47, 37 cases were reported from Dollo zone and Jijiga City. Oromia Region remains the most affected region with approximately 46% of the total reported cases, followed by Amhara (21 %), Addis Ababa (16 %) and Somali (20 %). (WHO, 05 Jan 2018)
In 2018, a total of 2 625 suspected measles cases have been reported across the country including 56 new suspected cases reported in week 23. From the total suspected cases reported, 699 are confirmed cases (102 laboratory confirmed, 553 epi-linked and 44 clinically compatible). A total of 18 laboratory confirmed measles outbreaks have been reported up to week 26 and five [Amhara (1) and Somali (4) regions] are currently active. So far, the outbreaks reported are from the regions of Amhara (4), SNNPR (1), Somali (12), and Tigray (1). Between January and December 2017, a cumulative total of 4 011 suspected measles cases have been reported across the country. (WHO, 6 Jul 2018)
In 2018, a total of 3 062 suspected measles cases have been reported across the country. From the total suspected cases reported, 857 were confirmed cases (137 laboratory confirmed, 688 epi-linked and 52 clinically compatible). In week 34 (week ending 26 August 2018), no new suspected or confirmed cases were reported. (WHO, 14 Sep 2018)
Most read reports
- UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #8 – Reporting Period: August 2018
- WHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 40: 29 September - 5 October 2018 (Data as reported by 17:00; 5 October 2018)
- Ethiopia Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin, 8 May 2017
- ACAPS Briefing Note - Ethiopia: Somali, Oromia and Tigray Displacement, 31 August 2018
- UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #9 – Reporting Period: September 2018
Conflict leads to large scale displacement: Conflict between ethnic Oromos from West Gujji and Gedeos from SNNP region resulted in large scale displacement from both sides, leaving people in dire need of food and non-food assistance. Currently, the government and partners are assessing the needs and will continue to provide coordinated support. Meanwhile, the regional governments of Oromia and SNNP are working jointly to return displaced people to their place of origin and restore peace and security in the area.
Surveys Conducted: 09th – 31st October 2017
Report Completed: December 2017
Jointly Coordinated By UNHCR, ARRA, WFP And AAH
According to FEWSNET, the ongoing La Niña is forecast to drive poor performance of the Gu rains over much of the Horn of Africa, especially in pastoral areas of Somali Region and Southern Oromia. International, regional, and national forecasts indicate below-average rainfall is likely between March and May 2018 in South Eastern Ethiopia, and Kenya following three poor rainy seasons.
Communiqué de presse conjoint CDC/GAVI/UNICEF/OMS
26 OCTOBRE 2017 | GENÈVE /NEW YORK/ATLANTA - Selon un nouveau rapport publié aujourd’hui par plusieurs organisations de premier plan dans le domaine de la santé, la rougeole a entraîné 90 000 décès en 2016 ce qui représente une baisse de 84% par rapport à 2000, où l’on avait enregistré 550 000 décès attribuables à cette maladie. C’est la première fois que le nombre de décès dus à la rougeole est inférieur à 100 000 par an.
Joint news release CDC/GAVI/UNICEF/WHO
26 OCTOBER 2017 | GENEVA/NEW YORK/ATLANTA - In 2016, an estimated 90 000 people died from measles - an 84% drop from more than 550 000 deaths in 2000 - according to a new report published today by leading health organizations. This marks the first time global measles deaths have fallen below 100 000 per year.
Acute malnutrition crisis and disease outbreaks in Somali region
6 October 2017
Three rainy seasons in a row without substantial rains have led to a humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia. Crops have failed, cattle have died and millions of people across the country are facing food and water shortages.
People in the Somali region are particularly affected by acute malnutrition crisis and disease outbreaks.
In recent years, severe drought and the resulting die-off of livestock have forced thousands of formerly nomadic people to settle near Galorgube, a small town in the Doolo Zone of Ethiopia’s Somali region. The situation has led to a humanitarian emergency in the area, with an acute malnutrition crisis and outbreaks of disease taking a heavy toll on the displaced population. The number of young children with severe acute malnutrition in Doolo Zone is now at the highest point in the ten years Doctors Without Border/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has worked in the area.
Rising needs: Following poor performing spring rains, the number of people receiving humanitarian assistance has increased from 5.6 million to 7.8 million in the first quarter of the year, and is expected to heighten further in the second half of the year. Increased funding is needed urgently, to address immediate requirements for food and nutrition, as well as clean drinking water.
In East Africa, DEC aid agencies are working around the clock to respond to the deepening crisis caused by ongoing conflict and drought. While lives are being saved, the number of those in need of humanitarian assistance is increasing due the severity of the crisis – from 22 million people across South Sudan, Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia three months ago when the DEC appeal launched to 23 million today.
The humanitarian situation in Ethiopia is worsening. By the end of April, 7.8 million people are in need humanitarian assistance a 39% increase.