Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
In Ethiopia, 348 cases had been confirmed and 40 outbreaks reported in Addis Ababa, Afar, Amhara, Oromia, Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples, Somali and Tigray regions, as of 31 March 2017. The majority of the cases (39 per cent) have occurred among children under five years. Although not yet officially confirmed by the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH), over 100 cases of measles were additionally reported during the month of April 2017 in Gashamo Woreda, Jarar zone, in Somali region, which would bring total number of cases in 2017 to approximately 450 cases. (UNICEF, 17 May 2017)
The measles outbreak is still persisting. During week 24, a total of 37 new suspected measles cases were reported in the country. Since the beginning of 2017, a total of 2,119 suspected measles cases were reported from across the country. This includes 979 confirmed cases (434 laboratory-confirmed, 490 epidemiologically-linked and 55 clinically compatible cases). Of the reported cases, 18.5% had not received any measles vaccination and 44.1% had an unknown status. Oromia is still the most affected region, with 32% of reported cases, followed by Amhara (28%), Addis Ababa (17%) and SNNPR (11%). (WHO, 23 Jun 2017)
The outbreak of measles is still ongoing but continues to improve. During week 44, 35 cases were reported including 3 lab-confirmed cases. Oromia Region remains the most affected region with 46% of the total reported cases, followed by Amhara 21 %, Addis Ababa 16 %, and Somali 20 %. (WHO, 1 Dec 2017)
The outbreak of measles continues to improve. During week 47, 37 cases were reported from Dollo zone and Jijiga City. Oromia Region remains the most affected region with approximately 46% of the total reported cases, followed by Amhara (21 %), Addis Ababa (16 %) and Somali (20 %). (WHO, 05 Jan 2018)
In 2018, a total of 2 625 suspected measles cases have been reported across the country including 56 new suspected cases reported in week 23. From the total suspected cases reported, 699 are confirmed cases (102 laboratory confirmed, 553 epi-linked and 44 clinically compatible). A total of 18 laboratory confirmed measles outbreaks have been reported up to week 26 and five [Amhara (1) and Somali (4) regions] are currently active. So far, the outbreaks reported are from the regions of Amhara (4), SNNPR (1), Somali (12), and Tigray (1). Between January and December 2017, a cumulative total of 4 011 suspected measles cases have been reported across the country. (WHO, 6 Jul 2018)
In 2018, a total of 3 062 suspected measles cases have been reported across the country. From the total suspected cases reported, 857 were confirmed cases (137 laboratory confirmed, 688 epi-linked and 52 clinically compatible). In week 34 (week ending 26 August 2018), no new suspected or confirmed cases were reported. (WHO, 14 Sep 2018)
Most read reports
- Ethiopia: Humanitarian Response Situation Report No.19 (November 2018)
- Ethiopia Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin, 8 May 2017
- UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #8 – Reporting Period: August 2018
- UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #10 – Reporting Period: October 2018
- WHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 44: 27 October - 2 November 2018 (Data as reported by 17:00; 2 November 2018)
• Food security in Somalia deteriorated between August and October due to ongoing conflict and drought conditions
• USAID partners in Kenya remain prepared to respond to civil unrest following the country’s repeat election in October
• Nearly 40 percent of the approximately 578,000 IDPs in Ethiopia’s Oromiya Region lack adequate shelter
Nearly one million people displaced in Somalia from January to August, more than 800,000 primarily due to drought conditions
Clashes in Ethiopia’s Oromiya and Somali regions displace populations, exacerbate humanitarian needs
USG provided more than $1 billion in humanitarian funding for the Horn of Africa regional response in FY 2017
The number of severely food insecure people in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia has increased to 14.3 million, following the publication of new data on the situation in Kenya.
In Somalia there are unfavourable prospects for this year's main Gu crops, after the Gu rains were late and poorly distributed over most areas of the country. In the Lower Shabelle region, the main maize producing area, seasonal rainfall was about 50 per cent belowaverage with drought conditions currently affecting up to 85 per cent of the cropland.
Prolonged drought drives a food security Emergency in Somalia and southeastern Ethiopia
Somalia: An estimated 761,000 Somalis have been internally displaced by drought between November 2016 and 23 June 2017. More than 22,000 displacements were recorded between 1 and 23 June, of whom 13,500 individuals arrived in Baidoa town from remote villages in Berdaale, Dinsoor and Qansahdhere districts in Bay region and Rabdhuure district in Bakool. The cities of Baidoa (174,280) and Mogadishu (161,100) host 44% of these displaced people.
Somalia: The significant reduction of rainfall across Somalia in the first week of June marks a possible end to the Gu rainy season. The reduction of rainfall within the Juba and Shabelle River basins in Ethiopia and Somalia has led to decreasing river levels which are expected to stabilize in the coming week.
The regional consensus climate outlook for the June to September 2017 rainfall season indicates that most of Somalia, Kenya, and southern Ethiopia will remain dry. Ethiopia’s Afar region and southwestern Uganda will likely experience near normal to below normal rains. Normal to above normal rainfall is expected across central and western Ethiopia, northern Kenya and central Uganda; while northern Ethiopia, parts of northern Uganda, coastal Somalia, coastal and western Kenya will likely experience above normal rainfall and floods.
FEWS NET projects elevated risk of Famine in Somalia, despite mitigating impact of humanitarian assistance
UN releases revised 2017 HRP for Somalia, requesting $1.5 billion to respond to humanitarian needs through December
USG announces more than $64 million in new humanitarian assistance for Somalia and Somali refugees in the Horn of Africa