Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
In Ethiopia, 348 cases had been confirmed and 40 outbreaks reported in Addis Ababa, Afar, Amhara, Oromia, Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples, Somali and Tigray regions, as of 31 March 2017. The majority of the cases (39 per cent) have occurred among children under five years. Although not yet officially confirmed by the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH), over 100 cases of measles were additionally reported during the month of April 2017 in Gashamo Woreda, Jarar zone, in Somali region, which would bring total number of cases in 2017 to approximately 450 cases. (UNICEF, 17 May 2017)
The measles outbreak is still persisting. During week 24, a total of 37 new suspected measles cases were reported in the country. Since the beginning of 2017, a total of 2,119 suspected measles cases were reported from across the country. This includes 979 confirmed cases (434 laboratory-confirmed, 490 epidemiologically-linked and 55 clinically compatible cases). Of the reported cases, 18.5% had not received any measles vaccination and 44.1% had an unknown status. Oromia is still the most affected region, with 32% of reported cases, followed by Amhara (28%), Addis Ababa (17%) and SNNPR (11%). (WHO, 23 Jun 2017)
The outbreak of measles is still ongoing but continues to improve. During week 44, 35 cases were reported including 3 lab-confirmed cases. Oromia Region remains the most affected region with 46% of the total reported cases, followed by Amhara 21 %, Addis Ababa 16 %, and Somali 20 %. (WHO, 1 Dec 2017)
The outbreak of measles continues to improve. During week 47, 37 cases were reported from Dollo zone and Jijiga City. Oromia Region remains the most affected region with approximately 46% of the total reported cases, followed by Amhara (21 %), Addis Ababa (16 %) and Somali (20 %). (WHO, 05 Jan 2018)
In 2018, a total of 2 625 suspected measles cases have been reported across the country including 56 new suspected cases reported in week 23. From the total suspected cases reported, 699 are confirmed cases (102 laboratory confirmed, 553 epi-linked and 44 clinically compatible). A total of 18 laboratory confirmed measles outbreaks have been reported up to week 26 and five [Amhara (1) and Somali (4) regions] are currently active. So far, the outbreaks reported are from the regions of Amhara (4), SNNPR (1), Somali (12), and Tigray (1). Between January and December 2017, a cumulative total of 4 011 suspected measles cases have been reported across the country. (WHO, 6 Jul 2018)
In 2018, a total of 3 062 suspected measles cases have been reported across the country. From the total suspected cases reported, 857 were confirmed cases (137 laboratory confirmed, 688 epi-linked and 52 clinically compatible). In week 34 (week ending 26 August 2018), no new suspected or confirmed cases were reported. (WHO, 14 Sep 2018)
Most read reports
- UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #8 – Reporting Period: August 2018
- WHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 40: 29 September - 5 October 2018 (Data as reported by 17:00; 5 October 2018)
- UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #9 – Reporting Period: September 2018
- Ethiopia Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin, 8 May 2017
- ACAPS Briefing Note - Ethiopia: Somali, Oromia and Tigray Displacement, 31 August 2018
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 48 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
• Plague in Madagascar
• Undiagnosed acute jaundice syndrome in Ethiopia
• Humanitarian crisis in Nigeria
• Humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia
• Humanitarian crisis in South Sudan
• Hepatitis E in Chad
• Malaria in Burundi
2,005,631 Total South Sudanese refugees in the region as of 15 August (pre and post Dec 2013 caseload)
574,871 South Sudanese refugee arrivals in 2017, based on field reports as of 15 August
275,187 Refugees in South Sudan and 2 million IDPs as of 31 July
The poor nutrition situation in Somali region continues with proxy Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) among children under 5 at 16.2 per cent - with Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM) 14.9 per cent and Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) 1.9 per cent. Figures from the latest Enhanced Outreach Strategy (EOS) also indicate MAM among pregnant and lactating women (PLW) at 39 per cent. This represents an increase from the last EOS of November 2016, when GAM among under 5s was 14.5 per cent and 30 per cent among PLW.
Measles is a highly infectious vaccine-preventable disease. While children that are not immunized are at risk, those that are also malnourished or are already affected by other diseases are especially susceptible to it. Children in countries and districts where there is an ongoing emergency such as the current drought which has led to water scarcity and food insecurity in the Horn of Africa are therefore more at risk of contracting the virus and developing complications that often lead to disability and even death.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 45 events in the region. This week’s edition also covers key ongoing events, including:
• Cholera in Borno State, Nigeria
• Necrotising cellulitis/fasciitis in São Tomé and Príncipe
• Humanitarian crisis in the Central Africa Republic
• Cholera in the United Republic of Tanzania
• Cholera in Chad
• Dengue fever in Côte d’Ivoire.
The 2017 Humanitarian Requirement Documents (HRD) Mid-Year Review, released 8 August 2017, has identified significant increased needs of girls, boys, women and men for life-saving interventions in food, nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and health in 2017. The total financial requirements for 2017 have been revised to US$1.259bn (from US$949m).
A product of the Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group (DRMTWG)
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co-Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 01 to 31 July 2017 (the information in this issue was compiled ahead of the announcement of the HRD mid-year review).
The number of severely food insecure people in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia has increased to 14.3 million, following the publication of new data on the situation in Kenya.
The severe nutrition crisis in Somali region continues to be of significant concern, with over 7,000 SAM cases reported monthly.
This represents over 25% of SAM admissions for the country.
UNICEF is working with the Somali regional government, UN and NGO partners to implement an integrated and scaled-up nutrition response with expanded screening, referral and treatment, reaching children and communities across the region.
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt.
• Between January and May, UNICEF and partners have provided 141,636 children with treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in more than 17,600 treatment sites.
• Since January, 228,220 people in hard-to-reach areas in Afar and Somali regions benefited from medical services provided by 49 mobile health and nutrition teams (MHNTs) deployed by respective Regional Health Bureaus with UNICEF support. Of those people reached, 39 per cent are children under five years of age.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 42 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including the:
• Undiagnosed paediatric eruptive fever in Cameroon
• Dengue fever in Côte d’Ivoire
• Hepatitis E in Niger
• Humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
• Humanitarian refugee crisis in Uganda
• Humanitarian crisis in Madagascar