Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
In Ethiopia, 348 cases had been confirmed and 40 outbreaks reported in Addis Ababa, Afar, Amhara, Oromia, Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples, Somali and Tigray regions, as of 31 March 2017. The majority of the cases (39 per cent) have occurred among children under five years. Although not yet officially confirmed by the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH), over 100 cases of measles were additionally reported during the month of April 2017 in Gashamo Woreda, Jarar zone, in Somali region, which would bring total number of cases in 2017 to approximately 450 cases. (UNICEF, 17 May 2017)
The measles outbreak is still persisting. During week 24, a total of 37 new suspected measles cases were reported in the country. Since the beginning of 2017, a total of 2,119 suspected measles cases were reported from across the country. This includes 979 confirmed cases (434 laboratory-confirmed, 490 epidemiologically-linked and 55 clinically compatible cases). Of the reported cases, 18.5% had not received any measles vaccination and 44.1% had an unknown status. Oromia is still the most affected region, with 32% of reported cases, followed by Amhara (28%), Addis Ababa (17%) and SNNPR (11%). (WHO, 23 Jun 2017)
The outbreak of measles is still ongoing but continues to improve. During week 44, 35 cases were reported including 3 lab-confirmed cases. Oromia Region remains the most affected region with 46% of the total reported cases, followed by Amhara 21 %, Addis Ababa 16 %, and Somali 20 %. (WHO, 1 Dec 2017)
The outbreak of measles continues to improve. During week 47, 37 cases were reported from Dollo zone and Jijiga City. Oromia Region remains the most affected region with approximately 46% of the total reported cases, followed by Amhara (21 %), Addis Ababa (16 %) and Somali (20 %). (WHO, 05 Jan 2018)
In 2018, a total of 2 625 suspected measles cases have been reported across the country including 56 new suspected cases reported in week 23. From the total suspected cases reported, 699 are confirmed cases (102 laboratory confirmed, 553 epi-linked and 44 clinically compatible). A total of 18 laboratory confirmed measles outbreaks have been reported up to week 26 and five [Amhara (1) and Somali (4) regions] are currently active. So far, the outbreaks reported are from the regions of Amhara (4), SNNPR (1), Somali (12), and Tigray (1). Between January and December 2017, a cumulative total of 4 011 suspected measles cases have been reported across the country. (WHO, 6 Jul 2018)
In 2018, a total of 3 062 suspected measles cases have been reported across the country. From the total suspected cases reported, 857 were confirmed cases (137 laboratory confirmed, 688 epi-linked and 52 clinically compatible). In week 34 (week ending 26 August 2018), no new suspected or confirmed cases were reported. (WHO, 14 Sep 2018)
Most read reports
- WHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 44: 27 October - 2 November 2018 (Data as reported by 17:00; 2 November 2018)
- Ethiopia Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin, 8 May 2017
- UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #8 – Reporting Period: August 2018
- ACAPS Briefing Note - Ethiopia: Somali, Oromia and Tigray Displacement, 31 August 2018
- Ethiopia: West Guji-Gedeo Conflict Displacement Flash Update #5, 29 June 2018
Addis Ababa, 7 August 2018 – The Ethiopian Ministry of Health has launched a preventive measles vaccination campaign to immunize 928 000 children aged 6 months to 15 years among the internally displaced and host communities in Gedeo Zone of the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region. The campaign will also involve administering vitamin A to children aged six months to five years and deworming of children aged two to five years. Plans are underway for a similar campaign targeting 516 000 children in West Guji Zone of Oromia Region.
Press release 226/2017
19 December 2017
Finland will assist areas suffering from conflicts and drought in Yemen, Northeast Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Ethiopia.
“The focus in our aid decisions towards the end of the year is on crises where the need is currently particularly great and aid is needed urgently”, says Kai Mykkänen, Minister for Foreign Trade and Development.
Communiqué de presse conjoint CDC/GAVI/UNICEF/OMS
26 OCTOBRE 2017 | GENÈVE /NEW YORK/ATLANTA - Selon un nouveau rapport publié aujourd’hui par plusieurs organisations de premier plan dans le domaine de la santé, la rougeole a entraîné 90 000 décès en 2016 ce qui représente une baisse de 84% par rapport à 2000, où l’on avait enregistré 550 000 décès attribuables à cette maladie. C’est la première fois que le nombre de décès dus à la rougeole est inférieur à 100 000 par an.
Joint news release CDC/GAVI/UNICEF/WHO
26 OCTOBER 2017 | GENEVA/NEW YORK/ATLANTA - In 2016, an estimated 90 000 people died from measles - an 84% drop from more than 550 000 deaths in 2000 - according to a new report published today by leading health organizations. This marks the first time global measles deaths have fallen below 100 000 per year.
Acute malnutrition crisis and disease outbreaks in Somali region
6 October 2017
Three rainy seasons in a row without substantial rains have led to a humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia. Crops have failed, cattle have died and millions of people across the country are facing food and water shortages.
People in the Somali region are particularly affected by acute malnutrition crisis and disease outbreaks.
Fighting Famine in Central and East Africa
In recent years, severe drought and the resulting die-off of livestock have forced thousands of formerly nomadic people to settle near Galorgube, a small town in the Doolo Zone of Ethiopia’s Somali region. The situation has led to a humanitarian emergency in the area, with an acute malnutrition crisis and outbreaks of disease taking a heavy toll on the displaced population. The number of young children with severe acute malnutrition in Doolo Zone is now at the highest point in the ten years Doctors Without Border/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has worked in the area.
Measles is a highly infectious vaccine-preventable disease. While children that are not immunized are at risk, those that are also malnourished or are already affected by other diseases are especially susceptible to it. Children in countries and districts where there is an ongoing emergency such as the current drought which has led to water scarcity and food insecurity in the Horn of Africa are therefore more at risk of contracting the virus and developing complications that often lead to disability and even death.
7.8 million people are in need of emergency food assistance in Ethiopia, this figure is expected to increase to up to 15 million during the second half of the year.
In Ethiopia, Somali region (bordering Somalia) is most affected by drought and food insecurity; a dire food security emergency is ongoing. Approximately, 2.5 million people will require emergency food assistance in Somali Region. As of June, the worst-affected households were classified to be in 'Emergency' (IPC Phase 4).
In East Africa, DEC aid agencies are working around the clock to respond to the deepening crisis caused by ongoing conflict and drought. While lives are being saved, the number of those in need of humanitarian assistance is increasing due the severity of the crisis – from 22 million people across South Sudan, Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia three months ago when the DEC appeal launched to 23 million today.