Niger: Meningitis Outbreak - Mar 2017
On 29 March, the Government of Niger declared a meningitis epidemic in three health centers of the Niamey II health district. Six health districts are in alert in the regions of Tillabéry, Dosso and Tahoua.
The Ministry of Health launched a vaccination campaign on 06 April 2017, exclusively in the three affected districts of Niamey. The vaccination program is targeting people aged 2 to 20 years old, about 10,200 people for the first phase. Currently, the country has only 133,000 doses of vaccines. This limited supply prompted the Minister of Health to start vaccination in Niamey. (IFRC, 21 Apr 2017)
MSF conducted vaccination campaigns with local authorities for more than 463,800 people – aged between two and 20 years – in 28 health areas that had reached alert or epidemic thresholds in Niamey, Tillabery, Dosso, Tahoua, and Maradi. (MSF, 30 May 2017)
Since epi-week 15, the number of cases has fallen gradually and by 4 June 2017 there were only 4 suspected cases and no districts in ep- idemic or alert status. By 8 June 2017 there had been a total of 3,303 suspected cases, with 197 deaths (CFR 6%). However, surveillance is continuing. (WHO, 9 Jun 2017).
Maps & Infographics
Since the beginning of December 2017, an estimated 40 suspected cases of meningitis, including one death, have been registered in Niger. Most of the cases are recorded in the districts of Mirriah, Bouza and Magaria (Zinder region, bordering Nigeria). The outbreak occurs very early compared to previous years, which raises concerns that it could expand and affect a high number of people.
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Explanation of variances
Information and Public Relations: CHF 25,000 allocated The DREF for the sensitization through caravans in areas difficult to access during the implementation we realised that only CHF 13,405 were used. Therefore, CHF 11,595 remains unspent to be returned.
As of 18 September, the number of suspected cholera cases has surpassed 2,000, with 44 deaths reported. The case fatality rate is more than double the emergency threshold of 1%.
The majority of cases are in three main areas in Borno state: 1,177 in the Muna corridor, 570 in Dikwa, and over 338 in Monguno. The areas affected have high levels of IDPs and their already limited health capacity will be further strained.
On June 28th a suicide attack in the Kablewa IDP camp in the Diffa region killed 6 people and injured 11. The estimated 16,000 IDPs present in the camp fled and spread around several existing spontaneous sites. UNICEF participates in the coordination of the first evaluations and responses.
1.8 millions de personnes sont en insécurité alimentaire.
Plus de la moitié des cas attendus de MAS admis en début de Pic.
26 décès enregistrés suite aux inondations.
1 446 cas suspects d’hépatite E et 38 décès enregistrés.
Période de soudure : la situation alimentaire reste préoccupante
Environ 1 800 000 personnes auront besoin d’une assistance alimentaire de juin à septembre
In May (3rd and 23rd), Boko Haram attacked 2 schools in Boudoum and Garin Dogo and looted school feeding supplies.
The Regional Directorate for Civil Registry released the new figures on forced displacements. In 97 sites (out of 142), there are 127,299 internally displaced people, 106,146 refugees and 14,546 returnees (Nigerien living in Nigeria and displaced to Niger due to insecurity).
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 40 events: three Grade 3, seven Grade 2, five Grade 1, and 25 ungraded events.
This weekly update focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 41 events: four Grade 3, seven Grade 2, four Grade 1, and 26 ungraded events.