Burundi: Malaria Outbreak - Mar 2017
Burundi is facing a major malaria outbreak which was officially declared by the MoH on 13 March 2017. The North and North health districts are the ones more affected by this outbreak. According to the MoH, the cumulative number of malaria cases reported during the first 10 weeks of 2017 is 1,960,620 with 869 deaths (MoH, 23 March 2017), this is higher than the same period in 2016 (1,804,258 cases and 841 deaths). (UNICEF, 31 Mar 2017)
[S]ince the beginning of this year, more than 2.2 million cases and 1,000 deaths have been reported. The preliminary results of the MIRA evaluation (March 2017) indicate that malaria is one of the main causes of death in 84% of the collines (hills) visited. The most affected provinces are Cankuzo, Muyinga, Karusi and Kirundo with an incidence rate of 100%. In order to ensure an immediate, effective and coordinated response, a plan was finalized by the health sector partners under the direction of the Ministry of Health and in collaboration with WHO. A total of US$ 42 million is required for the implementation of the plan. (OCHA, 31 Mar 2017)
L’épidémie de paludisme sévit dans les districts à haute vulnérabilité humanitaire . A la semaine épidémiologique 16, le cumul est de 2 888 252 cas et 1 329 décès dû au palu-disme. On note une tendance à la hausse comparée à la semaine précédente. Lancement à Gitega ce 27/4 de la campagne nationale de mobilisation pour la distribution des moustiquaires en fa-veur de la prévention du paludisme. Célébration de la Jour-née mondiale de lutte contre le paludisme célébrée à Cankuzo le 26 avril 2017. La lutte anti–vectorielle pour réduire l’incidence du paludisme à travers la pulvérisation intra-domiciliaire doit se pour-suivre dans 5 provinces sur les 9 prévues. Un processus de validation de la qualité des insecticides est en cours avec le laboratoire IIBAT en Inde. (WHO, 30 avril 2017)
The malaria outbreak situation in Burundi continues unabated with intense transmission causing high morbidity and mortality. The disease trend has been increasing in the past 10 weeks. In week 25 (week ending 25 June 2017), 173,355 clinical cases of malaria including 102 deaths (case fatality rate 0.06%) have been reported, compared to 170,048 cases and 61 deaths (case fatality rate 0.04%) reported in week 24. Since the beginning of 2017, 4,376,804 cases including 1,996 deaths (case fatality rate 0.05%) have been reported, as of 25 June 2017. Meanwhile, a total of 8,169,484 cases and 3,826 deaths (case fatality rate 0.05%) were registered in 2016. While the entire country is reporting a high burden of malaria, the northern, central and eastern regions are most affected. Ten out of 18 provinces in the country have attained the epidemic threshold, namely Karusi, Gitega, Muyinga, Kirundo, Kayanza, Ngozi, Bubanza, Cankuzo, Cibitoke, and Ruyigi. The 10 provinces represent 63% of the population at risk. With an incidence rate of 51.9%, malaria has been the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Burundi. (WHO, 7 Jul 2017)
The outbreak of malaria in Burundi has shown marked improvement in the last weeks, though the overall situation remains serious. The incidence started declining after attaining the latest peak in week 26, during which 175 755 cases including 71 deaths were reported. In week 29 (week ending 23 July 2017), 131 566 clinical cases of malaria including 68 deaths (case fatality rate of 0.05%) were reported, compared to 152 137 cases with 68 deaths registered in week 28. These figures, however, are still much higher than last year, when 109 496 cases with 62 deaths were reported in week 28 of 2016. Since the beginning of 2017, a total of 4 864 976 clinical cases of malaria including 2 205 deaths (case fatality rate 0.05%) have been registered across the country. While the entire country is reporting a high burden of malaria, the northern, central and eastern regions are most affected. Ten out of 18 provinces in the country are in epidemic phase, namely Karusi, Gitega, Muyinga, Kirundo, Kayanza, Ngozi, Bubanza, Cankuzo, Cibitoke and Ruyigi. (WHO, 11 Aug 2017)
The number of malaria cases is decreasing (6,891,291 cases with 3,017 deaths) dropping under the, same time last year. Malaria cases usually increase by the end of the year due to the rainy season. This demonstrates the positive impact of the response measures implemented by partners. (UNICEF, 30 Nov 2017)
Most read reports
- Regional Humanitarian Outlook for the Great Lakes: January - June 2018
- Regional Outlook for the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes Region: April - June 2017
- WHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 45: 04 - 10 November 2017 (Data as reported by 17:00; 10 November 2017)
- UNICEF Burundi Humanitarian Situation Report – 28 February 2018
- UNICEF Burundi Humanitarian Situation Report, January – December 2017
INTRODUCTION & KEY TAKEAWAYS
This Outlook provides an overview of the anticipated humanitarian situation in the Great Lakes region from January to June 2018. It focuses on Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and neighbouring countries—including Angola, Kenya and Zambia—that have received refugees and asylum-seekers due to the DRC crisis.
This report provides an overview of the movements of internally displaced persons (IDPs) since 2013. 175,936 IDPs in 39,175 households were identified. 70% of IDPs were displaced as a result of natural disasters, while 30% were displaced because of the socio-political situation. Most (46%) IDPs were displaced in 2015, while 30% were displaced in 2016 and 18% in 2017. 55% of IDPs are women, while 45% are men.
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
1,9 million Number of children in need (HNO 2018)
3,6 million Number of people in need (HNO 2018)
396,173 Population seeking asylum in neighboring countries (UNHCR, January 2018)
175,936 Internally displaced people in 18 provinces (IOM, January 2018)
• Average harvests expected: Rains have been above average in January, ending the December dry spell, which is likely to lead to average Season 2018A harvests, already underway. Most poor households are expected to remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2); however, in Gihanga Commune in Bubanza Province, maize production is likely to be below average due to a more severe dry spell and Fall Armyworm infestations, causing some poor households to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) through the lean season in May.
Geneva, Switzerland, 6 February 2018
Distinguished delegates and colleagues,
Thank you for inviting me to the launch of the Burundi Regional Refugee Response Plan, and for giving me the opportunity to highlight the humanitarian situation in the country.
3 million people in need of humanitarian assistance
1 million children in need of assistance
7.4 million malaria cases reported in 2017
3,235 malaria deaths in 2017
2.6 million people are severely food insecure
427,989 refugees have fled Burundi in the past 3 years
• Malaria crisis: 7.4 million cases of malaria, including 3,235 deaths were reported by the Ministry of Health.
In 2017, a total of 43,444 under-five children with severe acute malnutrition (22,524 girls and 20,920 boys) were admitted and treated in health facilities across the country;
UNICEF supported the Minister of Health’s response to cholera through the provision of cholera treatment kits for total of 336 cases;
48,835 affected people accessed safe and clean water with UNICEF support, and 172,000 people received hygiene supplies and life-saving information in areas affected by malaria and cholera;
La sécurité alimentaire jugée toujours précaire par les informateurs clés malgré les récoltes précoces de la saison 2018A
- Après les récoltes de la petite saison culturale 2017C en novembre et l’avènement des récoltes précoces de la première saison culturale 2018 A, la sécurité alimentaire commence à s’améliorer par endroits.
Après le pic enregistré en octobre dernier par les prix denrées alimentaires de base, la légère baisse amorcée à partir de novembre continue jusqu’au niveau de 2016 même si toujours élevé.
• Environ 11 000 réfugiés burundais ont été rapatriés
• L’exercice HNO/HRP s’est tenu à Bujumbura
Près de 11 000 réfugiés burundais ont été rapatriés
This report provides an overview of the movements of internally displaced persons (IDPs) since 2013. 187,626 IDPs in 42,416 households were identified. 69% of IDPs were displaced as a result of natural disasters, while 31% were displaced because of the socio-political situation. Most (46%) IDPs were displaced in 2015, while 29% were displaced in 2016 and 19% in 2017. 54% of IDPs live with host families, while 24% lived in rented homes. 4% of IDPs live in IDP camps and collective sites. 55% of IDPs are women, while 45% are men.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 51 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
- Declaration of the control of cholera outbreak in Borno State, Nigeria
- Hepatitis E in Namibia
- Humanitarian crisis in Central African Republic
Cholera in South Sudan
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 49 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
Influenza A H1N1 pdm09 in Ghana Listeriosis in South Africa
Plague in Madagascar
Cholera in Zambia
Cholera in Tanzania
Humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 50 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
- Declaration of end of Marburg virus disease outbreak in Uganda
- Influenza A H1N1 in Ghana
- Listeriosis in South Africa
- Cholera in Zambia
- Dengue fever in Senegal
Humanitarian crisis in South Sudan.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 48 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
- Microcephaly in Angola
- Cholera in Zambia
- Dengue fever in Burkina Faso
- Humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Humanitarian crisis Nigeria
- Yellow fever in Nigeria
• October 2017 MIRA preliminary results showed a deterioration in the nutrition status of children with 4 provinces above 10 per cent for MAM and 6 provinces above 2 per cent for SAM (WHO emergency threshold). UNICEF is supporting the Ministry of Health to conduct a SMART survey which will provide additional information on the situation by January 2018.
• 19 million cases recorded in last 3 years, country’s population only 11.5 million
• Children most vulnerable
• High-res photos available here
BUJUMBURA – More than six million cases of Malaria have been recorded in Burundi this year, and up to a million more children are at risk of getting the disease before Christmas, World Vision warns today.
Burundi, which has a population of just 11.5 million, is entering its third month of seasonal rain.