Nigeria: Meningitis Outbreak - Mar 2017
As of 19 March 2017, a total of 1,407 suspected cases of meningitis and 211 deaths have been reported from 40 local government areas in five states of Nigeria since December 2016. Zamfara, Katsina and Sokoto account for 89% of these cases. (WHO, 24 Mar 2017)
As at April 3, 2017, a total of 2,997 suspected cases of CSM have been reported in 16 States in Nigeria, of which 146 have been laboratory-confirmed. Unfortunately, 336 deaths have also been recorded...A total of 500,000 doses of Meningitis C vaccines have been distributed to some of the affected States for immediate outbreak response vaccination. An additional 823,970 doses of Meningitis C vaccines are expected from the UK to support vaccination activities in other affected States. The Emergency Operations Centre will support State-wide vaccination campaign which starts in Zamfara State on Wednesday the 5th of April, 2017. (Govt, 4 Apr 2017)
The number of new cases of suspected meningitis being reported has begun to decline as outbreak control measures take effect. A total of 628 new cases were reported in week 16 versus 1,935 in week 15 and 2,127 in week 14. The cumulative number of suspected cases recorded in Nigeria throughout the outbreak period is now 9,646 and 839 deaths from 43 Local Government Areas in 23 states. (Govt, 26 Apr 2017)
Health sector is supporting the State Ministry of Health and State Primary Health Care Agency in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states to lead the preparedness process for cerebro-spinal meningitis epidemic, which is a looming threat in the region. A draft epidemic preparedness and response plan has been prepared for North-East Nigeria. As of April 13, 2017, a total of 5,695 suspected cases have been reported; included 221 (4%) laboratory confirmed cases; and 611 deaths (WHO, Gov't Nigeria, Health Cluster, 30 Apr 2017.)
The meningitis outbreak situation in Nigeria is gradually improving. During week 18 (week ending 7 May 2017), the four most affected states of Zamfara, Sokoto, Katsina and Kebbi observed reduction in the weekly caseload and deaths. (WHO, 12 May 2017)
The Nigeria Federal Ministry of Health has, on 23 June 2017, officially declared the end of the 2016/2017 meningitis outbreak in the country. This declaration comes four weeks after the number of new meningitis cases reported each week fell below the epidemic and alert thresholds in all Local Government Areas. Since onset of the outbreak on 18 December 2016, a total of 14,518 suspected / confirmed cases of meningitis were reported from 25 states, with 1,166 deaths, giving a case fatality rate of 8%. (WHO, 23 Jun 2017)
Current major event
Diagnostic capacity for Zika Virus enhanced
Current major event
Communications in public health emergencies
Recent experience with famine and cholera outbreak in Somalia has shown that communication, whether with affected communities, among public health response actors, or with the media, is a critical component of effective response to public health emergencies.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 40 events: three Grade 3, seven Grade 2, five Grade 1, and 25 ungraded events.
Some 200,000 Nigerian refugees hosted in neighbouring countries – Cameroon, Chad and Niger –are starting to return to Nigeria, especially from Cameroon, which received 62% of those refugees. Since 12th May around 11,000 returnees have arrived in Banki-Bama LGA from Cameroon.
The Regional Director is pleased to present this report on the work of WHO in the African Region for the period October 2015 to June 2016. The report outlines the significant achievements made under the six categories in the 12th General Programme of Work in supporting Member States in the African Region in health development. It reflects contributions from WHO country offices and the Regional Office, including the three Intercountry Support Teams.
This weekly update focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 41 events: four Grade 3, seven Grade 2, four Grade 1, and 26 ungraded events.
From 13th December, 2016 to 2nd June, 2017, a total of 14,473 suspected cases and 1,155 deaths (CFR= 8%) of CSM have been reported from 25 States
Of the 460 laboratory confirmed cases, 371 (80.6%) were Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C
In the last four weeks (Epi-week 16-19), 24 Local Government Areas (LGAs) have been in alert/ epidemic status in three States — Zamfara, Sokoto and Katsina
This report is produced by OCHA in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period from 16 May to 31 May 2017. It does not include information on the operations of actors that are not part of the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP).
Abuja, 09 June 2017 - With the outbreak of cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM) in the northwestern states of Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara, the World Health Organization (WHO) through its collaborative networks, has developed the capacity of the existing laboratory in Ahmed Sani Yeriman Bakura specialist hospital Gusau, Zamfara state to a standard public health laboratory. The upgraded facility is now capable of meningitis diagnosis and isolation of meningitis organisms, thus enabling meningitis diagnosis.
Lessons Learnt from the 2016/2017 CSM Outbreak
IDP camps in Nigeria’s Banki town host more than 42,000 people
Population influxes to Nigeria’s Pulka town strain already limited resources, notably water and shelter
Attack against IDPs in Cameroon’s Mayo- Sava Department results in at least nine civilian deaths
Health officials record 770 hepatitis E cases in Niger’s Diffa Region from January–May
KEY DEVELOPMENTS ￼￼￼￼
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. The WHO Regional Office is currently monitoring 41 events: three Grade 3, seven Grade 2, five Grade 1, and 26 ungraded events.
Yobe, 01 June 2017 - Yobe state in northeast Nigeria has concluded the second round of vaccination campaign against meningitis, with technical and financial support from the World Health Organization (WHO).
Results from the campaign which ended on 27 May 2017, indicate that 136,355 persons aged 2-29years were vaccinated with ACW meningitis vaccine in Fika, Fune, Gujba and Damaturu Local Government Areas (LGAs). The coverage is more than the expected number of people targeted in the campaign.
Risk Communication: Understanding its role in outbreak response
For yet another year, Nigeria and Niger are facing severe outbreaks of meningitis C. Both countries are part of the ‘meningitis belt’, a region that stretches across the continent from Senegal to Ethiopia, and is particularly affected by the disease during the dry season. From 13 December 2016 to 14 May 2017, a total of 13,943 suspected cases, and 1,112 deaths, of meningitis have been reported from 24 states in Nigeria, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. The WHO Regional Office is currently monitoring 49 events: three Grade 3, six Grade 2, two Grade 1, and 38 ungraded events.
USG announces additional $45 million for the Nigeria humanitarian response
More than 11,800 people relocate to Nigeria’s Banki town from Cameroon in May
WFP continues providing emergency food assistance to IDPs and refugees across the Lake Chad Basin Region
International donors contribute $24 million to the Nigerian Humanitarian Fund