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29 Jun 2017 description

Standard case definition for case detection- focus on Cholera

In the Epi-week ending 25th June 2017, the Cholera outbreak in Kwara state continued with a total of 1,429 suspected cases reported as at 20th June 2017. Nine cases out of this have been laboratory confirmed. Ten deaths have been recorded so far, with a case fatality rate (CFR) of 0.69%. The number of affected Local Government Areas (LGAs) still remains four.

28 Jun 2017 description

Main Story

Preparing to respond to a Cholera Outbreak

Nigeria usually experiences outbreaks of Cholera during the rainy season. These outbreaks usually span from May up until September or October yearly. During these months, the country records high rainfalls, sometimes leading to an overflow of sewage systems and subsequent breakdown in overall hygiene standards. Furthermore, poor access to potable water and crowded living conditions are highlighted as contributory factors to the start and spread of a cholera outbreak.

27 Jun 2017 description

PLANNING FIGURES

2,334,000 People in needs
148 Million USD Total Estimated budget
31 Million USD for preparedness
117 Million USD For response

STRATEGIC SUMMARY

27 Jun 2017 description

Overview

  • This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 40 events: three Grade 3, seven Grade 2, five Grade 1, and twenty five ungraded events.

25 Jun 2017 description

23 June 2017 | Abuja - With the decline in Meningitis cases, the 2016/2017 Meningitis outbreak is over and the Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) responding to the epidemic has been stepped down. The outbreak has been in constant decline for eight weeks and the affected States have recorded much fewer new cases.

23 Jun 2017 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • More than 800 people arrive in Nigeria’s Banki town from Cameroon, bringing total returns to more than 13,000 since mid-April

  • Nigerian officials, relief actors coordinate to expand IDP site capacity in Borno by establishing new camps to accommodate the population influx

  • Rainy season exacerbates the spread of waterborne hepatitis E in bordering communities of Niger and Nigeria

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

19 Jun 2017 description

Current major event

Diagnostic capacity for Zika Virus enhanced

18 Jun 2017 description

Current major event

Communications in public health emergencies

Recent experience with famine and cholera outbreak in Somalia has shown that communication, whether with affected communities, among public health response actors, or with the media, is a critical component of effective response to public health emergencies.

Editorial note

16 Jun 2017 description

This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 40 events: three Grade 3, seven Grade 2, five Grade 1, and 25 ungraded events.

15 Jun 2017 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Some 200,000 Nigerian refugees hosted in neighbouring countries – Cameroon, Chad and Niger –are starting to return to Nigeria, especially from Cameroon, which received 62% of those refugees. Since 12th May around 11,000 returnees have arrived in Banki-Bama LGA from Cameroon.

14 Jun 2017 description
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Executive Summary and Illustrative Report
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Full Report

Executive Summary

The Regional Director is pleased to present this report on the work of WHO in the African Region for the period October 2015 to June 2016. The report outlines the significant achievements made under the six categories in the 12th General Programme of Work in supporting Member States in the African Region in health development. It reflects contributions from WHO country offices and the Regional Office, including the three Intercountry Support Teams.

13 Jun 2017 description

Overview

  • This weekly update focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 41 events: four Grade 3, seven Grade 2, four Grade 1, and 26 ungraded events.

13 Jun 2017 description

Highlights

  • From 13th December, 2016 to 2nd June, 2017, a total of 14,473 suspected cases and 1,155 deaths (CFR= 8%) of CSM have been reported from 25 States

  • Of the 460 laboratory confirmed cases, 371 (80.6%) were Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C

  • In the last four weeks (Epi-week 16-19), 24 Local Government Areas (LGAs) have been in alert/ epidemic status in three States — Zamfara, Sokoto and Katsina

11 Jun 2017 description

This report is produced by OCHA in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period from 16 May to 31 May 2017. It does not include information on the operations of actors that are not part of the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP).

Highlights

09 Jun 2017 description

Abuja, 09 June 2017 - With the outbreak of cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM) in the northwestern states of Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara, the World Health Organization (WHO) through its collaborative networks, has developed the capacity of the existing laboratory in Ahmed Sani Yeriman Bakura specialist hospital Gusau, Zamfara state to a standard public health laboratory. The upgraded facility is now capable of meningitis diagnosis and isolation of meningitis organisms, thus enabling meningitis diagnosis.

08 Jun 2017 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • IDP camps in Nigeria’s Banki town host more than 42,000 people

  • Population influxes to Nigeria’s Pulka town strain already limited resources, notably water and shelter

  • Attack against IDPs in Cameroon’s Mayo- Sava Department results in at least nine civilian deaths

  • Health officials record 770 hepatitis E cases in Niger’s Diffa Region from January–May

KEY DEVELOPMENTS