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17 Jan 2018 description

ROLE OF EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRES IN OUTBREAK COORDINATION

The response to outbreaks usually involve multiple activities, many of which occur concurrently. In most situations, resources are scarce and few personnel are involved or available to respond to an outbreak. For effective outbreak management, a well-defined structure needs to be established.

16 Jan 2018 description

*The reporting of health facility level IDSR data is currently being rolled out across Borno State. Whilst this is taking place, some LGAs are continuing to report only at the level of local government area (LGA). Therefore, completenss and timeliness of reporting is displayed at both levels in this bulletin.

*Alerts are based on 7 weekly reportable diseases in the national IDSR reporting format (IDSR 002) and 8 additional diseases/health events of public health importance in the IDP camps and IDP hosting areas.

11 Jan 2018 description

PREVENTING CHOLERA OUTBREAKS IN THE DRY SEASON

Historic Epidemiological reports show that the cholera outbreak season in Nigeria has two peak periods. The first peak period is seen during the rainy season when the sewage and drainage systems are overwhelmed due to heavy rains with an attendant contamination of sources of drinking water. The second peak period is seen during the dry season particularly in areas where wells and bodies of waters have dried up and people in the communities are made to travel far in search of water, albeit non-potable water.

11 Jan 2018 description

ESTABLISHING LABORATORY SUPPORT FOR PUBLIC HEALTH SURVEILLANCE

This week, we round up our series on laboratory and its role in surveillance and disease control by focusing on establishing laboratory support for public health surveillance.

It is important to note that at every level of laboratory service delivery, certain activities are important in strengthening and driving the activities of the laboratory in public health surveillance. Below is a summary of some important outbreak preparedness and response activities, where laboratory support is essential.

18 Dec 2017 description

BUILDING LABORATORY SYSTEMS TO ENHANCE DISEASE SURVEILLANCE

15 Dec 2017 description

BUILDING CAPACITY FOR INTEGRATED DISEASE SURVEILLANCE AND RESPONSE IN PREPARATION FOR CEREBROSPINAL MENINGITIS SEASON

The Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy was adopted in Nigeria in 2001 as the strategy for public health surveillance in the country. However, experience from recent outbreaks shows that the surveillance capacity for early detection of outbreaks and other public health events needs to be further strengthened.

01 Dec 2017 description

PREPAREDNESS FOR LASSA FEVER SEASON

As the dry season begins, we are strengthening preparedness for disease outbreaks especially for diseases with more cases recorded during this time of the year. With a focus on Cerebrospinal Meningitis last week, we discuss outbreak preparedness activities specific for Lassa fever and what is expected at each level of Government, in this week’s report. These are discussed under six pillars: Surveillance, Case management, Laboratory, Logistics, Risk Communication/Social Mobilisation and Coordination

Surveillance: LGA

29 Nov 2017 description

PREPARING FOR THE DISEASE OUTBREAK SEASON

Epidemiological data shows an increase in the number of cases of some infectious diseases at the end of the year (when the dry season starts) in Nigeria. This is most relevant for diseases like Lassa fever and Cerebrospinal Meningitis (CSM). As we work to improve on our outbreak response system, it is important for all levels to commence preparedness activities. This week’s editorial focuses on very essential preparedness activities that the LGA, State and National should embark on.

1. Surveillance

20 Oct 2017 description

WHO Health Emergencies programme in the African Region: Compendium of short reports on selected outbreaks

It is our sincere pleasure to share with you a compendium of short reports on selected outbreaks in the WHO African Region. This compendium covers the following outbreaks:

  • Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo,

  • Meningococcal septicaemia in Liberia,

  • Cholera in Malawi,

  • Meningitis in Nigeria,

  • Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever in Namibia,

05 Sep 2017 description

Event description

WHO was notified of an outbreak of meningitis by the Government of Nigeria on 20 February 2017. The first case was reported in Zamfara state during epidemiology week 50 (December 12-18, 2016). On 23 June 2017, the Nigeria Federal Ministry of Health officially declared the end of the 2016/2017 meningitis outbreak in the country. This declaration was made almost 8 weeks after the number of new meningitis cases reported each week during this outbreak fell below the epidemic and alert thresholds in all Local Government Areas.