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22 Jan 2018 description

This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 56 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:

Botulism in Nigeria
Lassa fever in Benin
Lassa fever in Nigeria
Humanitarian crisis in Central African Republic
Suspected Rift Valley fever in South Sudan
Cholera in Angola
Suspected Rift Valley fever in The Gambia

17 Jan 2018 description

ROLE OF EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRES IN OUTBREAK COORDINATION

The response to outbreaks usually involve multiple activities, many of which occur concurrently. In most situations, resources are scarce and few personnel are involved or available to respond to an outbreak. For effective outbreak management, a well-defined structure needs to be established.

16 Jan 2018 description

On Sunday the 14th of January 2018, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) was notified of four cases of Lassa fever among health care workers in Ebonyi State. Three of the four cases have subsequently passed away.

The Honourable Minister of Health, Professor Isaac Adewole, immediately requested that NCDC provides support to the Government of Ebonyi State, to investigate and respond to this cluster of cases.

12 Jan 2018 description

This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 54 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
- Chikungunya in Kenya
- Cholera in Malawi
- Cholera in Zambia
- Suspected Rift Valley fever in South Sudan
- Humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

11 Jan 2018 description

PREVENTING CHOLERA OUTBREAKS IN THE DRY SEASON

Historic Epidemiological reports show that the cholera outbreak season in Nigeria has two peak periods. The first peak period is seen during the rainy season when the sewage and drainage systems are overwhelmed due to heavy rains with an attendant contamination of sources of drinking water. The second peak period is seen during the dry season particularly in areas where wells and bodies of waters have dried up and people in the communities are made to travel far in search of water, albeit non-potable water.

11 Jan 2018 description

ESTABLISHING LABORATORY SUPPORT FOR PUBLIC HEALTH SURVEILLANCE

This week, we round up our series on laboratory and its role in surveillance and disease control by focusing on establishing laboratory support for public health surveillance.

It is important to note that at every level of laboratory service delivery, certain activities are important in strengthening and driving the activities of the laboratory in public health surveillance. Below is a summary of some important outbreak preparedness and response activities, where laboratory support is essential.

05 Jan 2018 description

This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 53 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:

31 Dec 2017 description

This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 52 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:

  • Humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Cholera in Zambia
  • Listeriosis in South Africa

For each of these events, a brief description followed by public health measures implemented and an interpretation of the situation is provided.

27 Dec 2017 description

CRITICAL ROLE OF LABORATORIES DURING OUTBREAKS

Response to disease outbreaks in recent past has highlighted evidence of weakness in integration between disease surveillance and laboratories. In this week’s editorial, we review the roles of the laboratory before and during an outbreak.

  1. Before an outbreak: The laboratory carries out two specific roles

• Early warning signals: This involves detecting pathogens that have the potential to spread. This will ensure early control measures are put in place.

24 Dec 2017 description

This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 51 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:

  • Declaration of the control of cholera outbreak in Borno State, Nigeria
  • Hepatitis E in Namibia
  • Humanitarian crisis in Central African Republic
  • Cholera in South Sudan

18 Dec 2017 description

This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 49 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:

Influenza A H1N1 pdm09 in Ghana Listeriosis in South Africa
Plague in Madagascar
Cholera in Zambia
Cholera in Tanzania
Humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

18 Dec 2017 description

BUILDING LABORATORY SYSTEMS TO ENHANCE DISEASE SURVEILLANCE

15 Dec 2017 description

BUILDING CAPACITY FOR INTEGRATED DISEASE SURVEILLANCE AND RESPONSE IN PREPARATION FOR CEREBROSPINAL MENINGITIS SEASON

The Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy was adopted in Nigeria in 2001 as the strategy for public health surveillance in the country. However, experience from recent outbreaks shows that the surveillance capacity for early detection of outbreaks and other public health events needs to be further strengthened.

11 Dec 2017 description

This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 50 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:

  • Declaration of end of Marburg virus disease outbreak in Uganda
  • Influenza A H1N1 in Ghana
  • Listeriosis in South Africa
  • Cholera in Zambia
  • Dengue fever in Senegal
  • Humanitarian crisis in South Sudan.

01 Dec 2017 description

This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 48 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
- Microcephaly in Angola
- Cholera in Zambia
- Dengue fever in Burkina Faso
- Humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Humanitarian crisis Nigeria
- Yellow fever in Nigeria

01 Dec 2017 description

PREPAREDNESS FOR LASSA FEVER SEASON

As the dry season begins, we are strengthening preparedness for disease outbreaks especially for diseases with more cases recorded during this time of the year. With a focus on Cerebrospinal Meningitis last week, we discuss outbreak preparedness activities specific for Lassa fever and what is expected at each level of Government, in this week’s report. These are discussed under six pillars: Surveillance, Case management, Laboratory, Logistics, Risk Communication/Social Mobilisation and Coordination

Surveillance: LGA

29 Nov 2017 description

PREPARING FOR THE DISEASE OUTBREAK SEASON

Epidemiological data shows an increase in the number of cases of some infectious diseases at the end of the year (when the dry season starts) in Nigeria. This is most relevant for diseases like Lassa fever and Cerebrospinal Meningitis (CSM). As we work to improve on our outbreak response system, it is important for all levels to commence preparedness activities. This week’s editorial focuses on very essential preparedness activities that the LGA, State and National should embark on.

1. Surveillance