Somalia: Measles Outbreak - Dec 2016Ongoing
Since September, 419 measles cases have been officially recorded, 302 of which are children under five. (UNICEF, 13 Dec 2016)
This week IOM...launched a mass public health campaign to contain an ongoing measles outbreak in Kismayo...Through TV and radio, IOM, the Somali government and health partners are disseminating a series of public messages about measles...The six-day campaign is estimated to reach over 2,000 people in the most affected communities, as well as surrounding areas. (IOM, 16 Dec 2016.)
UNICEF and partners are aiming to vaccinate 54,000 children under 10 in Kismayo...There have been over 704 cases of fever and rashes in Kismayo, the majority of them children...Most were not vaccinated against measles although there are 16 free vaccination posts in Kismayo. (UNICEF, 16 Dec 2016.)
Drought conditions have increased the spread of epidemic-prone diseases such as acute watery diarrhoea, cholera and measles. In the first 7 weeks of 2017, over 6000 cases and 65 deaths by acute watery diarrhoea/ cholera have been reported, and a total of 2578 cases of suspected measles were reported as of September 2016. (WHO, 27 Feb 2017)
Cases of suspected measles continue to rise across Somalia. A total of 7,694 cases have been reported nationwide, far exceeding the 5, 657 total cases recorded for all last year. The need for non-essential life-saving health services have increased and more affected areas are in dire need of urgent assistance. (OCHA, 16 May 2017)
Somalia is also facing its worst measles outbreak in 4 years, with over 14,823 suspected cases reported in 2017 (as of 31 July), compared to 5,000-10,000 cases per year since 2014. The situation is especially critical for millions of under-vaccinated, weak and hungry children who are more susceptible to contracting infectious diseases. More than 80% of those affected by the current outbreak are children under 10 year of age. In early 2017, WHO and partners, in collaboration with national health authorities, vaccinated almost 600,000 children aged 6 months to 5 years for measles in hard-to-reach and hotspot areas across the country. (WHO, 15 Aug 2017)
The numbers of cases of measles remain at epidemic levels with more than 1,491 cases being recorded in August. (Health Cluster, 29 Sep 2017)
Over 1469 suspected measles cases were reported in September. The numbers of cases of measles remain at epidemic levels with more than 18,000 cases so far recorded from January to end of September. Although there has been a decline in recent months, the number of cases is 4 times as those reported in 2015 and 2016. A nationwide campaign to vaccinate all 4.2 million children in the country between the ages of 6 months and 10 years will begin in November/December 2017. (Health Cluster, 19 Oct 2017)
Measles cases reported continue to be very high, increasing every month from all areas of the country with more than 19,316 cases being recorded since January 2017. Although there has been a decline in recent months, the number of cases is 4 times as high as those reported in 2015 and 2016. (Health Cluster, 19 Nov 2017)
The Ministry of Health of the Federal Government of Somalia, in partnership with WHO and UNICEF, has today concluded a five-day national measles campaign, targeting 1 million children aged 6 months to 10 years in Puntland, and 4.2 million across the country. In 2017, amidst a drought emergency, a total of 23,002 suspected measles cases were reported, which is alarmingly high compared to previous years. Among these cases, 83 per cent were children under 10 years of age. (WHO/UNICEF, 07 Jan 2018)
Most read (last 30 days)
- Humanitarian Bulletin Somalia, December 2017
- One million children in Puntland and 4.2 million nationwide to be vaccinated against measles
- Grade 3 and Grade 2 emergencies, countries covered by a WHO or joint appeal, and WHE priority countries: Contributions and Firm Pledges (20 December 2017)
- Somalia: Humanitarian Dashboard - November 2017 (issued on 20 December 2017)
- 2018 Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan Summary
The unprecedented drought spanning over four consecutive poor rainy seasons has severely aggravated the humanitarian crisis in Somalia. Humanitarian needs have increased drastically due to limited rain, large-scale displacement, lack of access to basic services and, at its root, ongoing conflict
The humanitarian situation in Somalia has continued to deteriorate due to the ongoing impacts of drought and conflict. An estimated 6.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, including 3.1 million who urgently require sustained, life-saving services and protection.3 Despite the provision of large-scale assistance in 2017, the risk of famine persists.
FACTS & FIGURES
3.3 million people are experiencing crisis or emergency levels of food insecurity
1.2 million acutely malnourished children expected in 2018
1 in 7 children dies before age 5
2.1 million internally displaced
Over 870 000 Somali refugees in neighbouring countries (sources: FEWS NET, FSNAU, UNHCR, UNICEF)
EU humanitarian funding: €119 million in 2017
Mogadishu, Somalia, 7 January 2018 -- The Ministry of Health of the Federal Government of Somalia, in partnership with WHO and UNICEF, has today concluded a five-day national measles campaign, targeting 1 million children aged 6 months to 10 years in Puntland, and 4.2 million across the country.
In 2017, amidst a drought emergency, a total of 23,002 suspected measles cases were reported, which is alarmingly high compared to previous years. Among these cases, 83 per cent were children under 10 years of age.
Somalia continues to face drought conditions spanning over the last four consecutive poor rainy seasons that severely aggravated the humanitarian crisis. The current Deyr season (October – December) started late and performed approximately 50 per cent below average rainfall performance in most parts of the country. Slightly better than 2016, but crop production is expected to be limited. The first half of November by most parts of southern and central Somalia have received above-average rainfall (OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin, 2017).
Humanitarian needs severe, long-term intervention required.
2017 in review: famine averted.
Nutrition assistance reaches one million people.
Medical supplies to be prepositioned.
Polio vaccination campaign begins
Call to respect neutrality
The role of the diaspora in famine prevention
SHF releases an additional $12.3 million
Somalia Humanitarian Funding Trends 2010-2017
As host to some of the world’s biggest emergencies, the Eastern Mediterranean Region carries the largest burden of people in need of aid, with more than 76 million people directly or indirectly affected by political conflict, environmental threats, and natural disasters.
Almost half of the 12.3 million population of Somalia, 5.5 million people, are in urgent need of emergency health services. Insecurity, displacement, poor health seeking practices, concentration of health facilities in urban areas, as well as the continuous spread of measles, AWD/ Cholera and complications arising from severe malnutrition has complicated health crises in Somalia.
FOREWORD BY THE HUMANITARIAN COORDINATOR
- 11.4 million children are at risk of of malnutrition, water shortages, lack of health services, child protection violations and disruption to their education
- 758,000 children under-five are at risk of death and irreversible damage without access to critical nutrition
- 7.6 million children are in need of water
- At least 3.4 million children are at risk of dropping out of school
In 2017, 226,137 children with life threatening severe acute malnutrition have been admitted for treatment in UNICEF supported programs. 15,851 children were admitted in stabilization centres.
Over 52 percent of the total admissions reported in districts hosting IDP communities, a trend that has continued through 2017.
Mogadishu, Somalia, 11 December 2017 – A health conference on public health sector development was launched today by the Federal Government of Somalia’s Ministry of Health with support from The World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS), and the Italian Agency for Development Cooperation (Agenzia Italiana per la Cooperazione allo Sviluppo).
Mogadishu, 7 December 2017: - The Somalia Humanitarian Fund (SHF) will allocate more than $12.3 million to get the famine prevention efforts for 2018 off to a timely start. These critical funds, part of the SHF Second 2017 Standard Allocation, will support 30 famine prevention projects in some of the worst-affected areas across Somalia. This standard allocation round, focusing primarily on national and international nongovernmental partners (98 per cent of funds), brings SHF funding for famine prevention response in 2017 to more than $57 million.
Humanitarian needs are on the rise due to limited rain, displacement, lack of access to basic services and continuing conflict. Over one million people have been displaced due to drought and conflict in 2017, nearly two-thirds of these are under age 18. Deyr rains have been poor and approximately 50 per cent below average in most areas. Urgent and more sustainable mid to longer-term investment in reducing risk and vulnerability is required.
Mogadishu, 29 November 2017: The unprecedented drought, spanning at least four consecutive poor rainy seasons, has resulted in severe and growing humanitarian needs across Somalia, according to the Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) released today by the Somalia Humanitarian Country Team. Humanitarian needs are on the rise due to limited rain, displacement, lack of access to basic services and continuing conflict.