Somalia: Measles Outbreak - Dec 2016Ongoing
Since September, 419 measles cases have been officially recorded, 302 of which are children under five. (UNICEF, 13 Dec 2016)
This week IOM...launched a mass public health campaign to contain an ongoing measles outbreak in Kismayo...Through TV and radio, IOM, the Somali government and health partners are disseminating a series of public messages about measles...The six-day campaign is estimated to reach over 2,000 people in the most affected communities, as well as surrounding areas. (IOM, 16 Dec 2016.)
UNICEF and partners are aiming to vaccinate 54,000 children under 10 in Kismayo...There have been over 704 cases of fever and rashes in Kismayo, the majority of them children...Most were not vaccinated against measles although there are 16 free vaccination posts in Kismayo. (UNICEF, 16 Dec 2016.)
Drought conditions have increased the spread of epidemic-prone diseases such as acute watery diarrhoea, cholera and measles. In the first 7 weeks of 2017, over 6000 cases and 65 deaths by acute watery diarrhoea/ cholera have been reported, and a total of 2578 cases of suspected measles were reported as of September 2016. (WHO, 27 Feb 2017)
Cases of suspected measles continue to rise across Somalia. A total of 7,694 cases have been reported nationwide, far exceeding the 5, 657 total cases recorded for all last year. The need for non-essential life-saving health services have increased and more affected areas are in dire need of urgent assistance. (OCHA, 16 May 2017)
Somalia is also facing its worst measles outbreak in 4 years, with over 14,823 suspected cases reported in 2017 (as of 31 July), compared to 5,000-10,000 cases per year since 2014. The situation is especially critical for millions of under-vaccinated, weak and hungry children who are more susceptible to contracting infectious diseases. More than 80% of those affected by the current outbreak are children under 10 year of age. In early 2017, WHO and partners, in collaboration with national health authorities, vaccinated almost 600,000 children aged 6 months to 5 years for measles in hard-to-reach and hotspot areas across the country. (WHO, 15 Aug 2017)
The numbers of cases of measles remain at epidemic levels with more than 1,491 cases being recorded in August. (Health Cluster, 29 Sep 2017)
Over 1469 suspected measles cases were reported in September. The numbers of cases of measles remain at epidemic levels with more than 18,000 cases so far recorded from January to end of September. Although there has been a decline in recent months, the number of cases is 4 times as those reported in 2015 and 2016. A nationwide campaign to vaccinate all 4.2 million children in the country between the ages of 6 months and 10 years will begin in November/December 2017. (Health Cluster, 19 Oct 2017)
Measles cases reported continue to be very high, increasing every month from all areas of the country with more than 19,316 cases being recorded since January 2017. Although there has been a decline in recent months, the number of cases is 4 times as high as those reported in 2015 and 2016. (Health Cluster, 19 Nov 2017)
The Ministry of Health of the Federal Government of Somalia, in partnership with WHO and UNICEF, has today concluded a five-day national measles campaign, targeting 1 million children aged 6 months to 10 years in Puntland, and 4.2 million across the country. In 2017, amidst a drought emergency, a total of 23,002 suspected measles cases were reported, which is alarmingly high compared to previous years. Among these cases, 83 per cent were children under 10 years of age. (WHO/UNICEF, 07 Jan 2018)
Maps & Infographics
Most read (last 30 days)
- Early Warning Disease Surveillance and Response Bulletin, Somalia 2018 - Epidemiological Week 10 (Week ending 11 March 2018)
- Humanitarian Bulletin Somalia, March 2018
- Horn of Africa Region: Humanitarian Snapshot (January - February 2018)
- UNICEF Somalia Humanitarian Situation Report #2: 1-28 February 2018
- Somalia: Weekly EPI/POL Update Week 12 (25 March 2018)
Global organization calls for urgent investment as famine prevention funding stalls
MOGADISHU, SOMALIA – Facing a crushing and continuing drought, Somalia needs urgent investment if it is to avoid another humanitarian crisis, warns the global organization Mercy Corps. The three-year drought blighting the country has claimed thousands of lives, displaced more than two million people and worsened the spread of cholera and measles outbreaks.
In the first week of April, almost 15,000 people were displaced across the country, constituting over 25% of the displacements reported in 2018. Of the 15,000 up to 6,000 people were displaced within Nad-e-Ali/Marja district, Helmand province, due to an ongoing military operation.
There is no humanitarian access to the area therefore the severity of need amongst the IDPs is unclear.
Cumulative figures as of week 12
• 182 health facilities across Somalia submitted weekly reports of epidemic-prone diseases in the electronic early warning disease surveillance (EWARN) system in week 12.
• Total number of consultations increased from 47,164 in week 11 to 56,448 in week 12.
• A total of 4,111 alerts were received. Of these, 153 were confirmed as true alerts.
Famine has been averted in Somalia in 2017, thanks to the rapid mobilization of resources and scaled-up response, but the extended drought has severely aggravated the crisis. By the end of 2017, 5.4 million Somalis were still in need of humanitarian assistance, of which 2.7 million people faced crisis and emergency. The risk of famine persists in 2018 if emergency relief efforts are not sustained.
cVDPV2 update from Environmental Samples
- Sequencing results for the ES sample collected from Hodan district ES/SOM/BAN/HDN/EGH-1/18/008 are genetically linked to the VDPV2 sequence from ENVID ES/SOM/BAN/WBR/21OCT/17/003, (Waberi district, Twenty One October ENV site).
- SOM/BAN/HDN/EGH-1/18/008 is classified as cVDPV2, as described in GPEI Guidelines for Reporting and Classification of Vaccine-derived Polioviruses.
Priority areas for humanitarian response.
Humanitarians boost response to contain disease outbreaks.
IDPs living in fear of eviction
International community pledges humanitarian aid for Somalia.
Priority areas for humanitarian response
Humanitarian situation deteriorates as drought worsens.
Total of 171 Health Facilities across Somalia have submitted weekly report of communicable diseases in the electronic early warning disease surveillance system in week 10, 2018.
Total number of consultations decreased from 51,174 in week 9 to 44,693 in week 10.
Total Alerts 3,183 were received out of which 142 were confirmed as true alerts.
In 2018, 44,790 severely malnourished children, including 2,516 children with medical complications, have been admitted in UNICEF supported treatment programmes. The number of admissions to date exceeds the number of admissions during the same period in 2017 by 33 percent. The increasing trend in admissions highlights a sustained risk to of malnutrition.
Measles Mass immunization campaign in South, Central and Somaliland
- A nationwide measles campaign conducted starting from 11th March in Accessible and Partially accessible districts of South, Central and Somaliland. The campaign continued for 5 days. WHO, UNICEF, national and local health authorities aim to reach more than 4.6 million children aged from six months to 10 years during the overall campaign.
- Over 4000 vaccination teams and 1100 supervisors are deployed in southern states and 1345 teams and around 300 supervisors deployed in Somaliland.
Cumulative figures as of week 11 • Total of 177 Health Facilities across Somalia have submitted weekly report of communicable diseases in the electronic early warning disease surveillance system in week 11, 2018.
• Total number of consultations increased from 44,693 in week 10 to 47,164 in week 11.
• Total Alerts 2,983 were received out of which 152 were confirmed as true alerts.
Mogadishu, 12 March 2018 – A nationwide campaign continues in Somalia to protect millions of children against the potentially deadly effects of measles. WHO, UNICEF, national and local health authorities aim to reach more than 4.7 million children aged from 6 months to 10 years during the overall campaign.
Measles Mass immunization campaign in South, Central and Somaliland
- A nationwide measles campaign continues in Somalia to protect millions of children against the potentially deadly disease of measles. WHO, UNICEF, national and local health authorities aim to reach more than 4.7 million children aged from six months to 10 years during the overall campaign.
• Almost half of the 12.3 million population of Somalia, 5.5 million people, are in urgent need of emergency health services. Insecurity, displacement, poor health seeking practices, concentration of health facilities in urban areas, as well as the continuous spread of measles, AWD/ Cholera and complications arising from severe malnutrition has complicated health crises in Somalia.
Penny Mordaunt tells donors that despite success at averting a famine last year, drought is still a serious threat in Somalia.
International Development Secretary Penny Mordaunt will tell an audience of global donors today that while swift action last year saved thousands of lives and held-off famine in Somalia, “the job is not yet done”.
Total of 196 Health Facilities across Somalia have submitted weekly report of communicable diseases in the electronic early warning disease surveillance system in week 9, 2018.
Total number of consultations decreased from 55,775 in week 8 to 51,174 in week 9.
The highest number of diseases in week 9 were: other acute diarrhoeas (2,061 cases), influenza like illness (1,697 cases) followed by severe acute respiratory illness (1,038 cases)
Somalia cVDPV2 from ES
- No new cVDPV reported since the last cVDPV2 isolated on 10th February from KAWAM ES site.
- 1 PV2 isolated from KAWMA was sent for sequencing last week and are still pending.
- Final classification for the PV2 isolated from sample collected from Egyptian Hospital ES sites was received and classified as SL2.