Ghana: Cholera Outbreak - Oct 2016
Cholera has erupted in the southern Cape Coast district, with a sudden escalation of cases within days, rising from 36 on 26 October 2016 to 117 by 30 October, notably with no fatality. The cases are originating from communities in the outskirts of Cape Coast Metropolitan. The exponential increase in the number of cases denotes high transmission potential of infections in the communities. Detailed assessment is being conducted to establish the predisposing factors responsible for the high attack rate. A rapid response team has been deployed to support the regional and district response. (OCHA, 1 Nov 2016)
By 2 November, the total number of cases had risen to 172 with zero deaths. The exponential increase in cases indicates high transmission potential of infections in the peri urban communities. Central region is made up of 26 districts, six of these districts have reported cholera cases. The districts are Cape Coast Municipal, Abura Asebu Kwamankese, Komenda Edina Eguafo Abrem, Twifo Hermang, Asekuma Odoben Brakwa and Mfantseman districts. In response to the outbreak, Ghana Red Cross Society (GRCS) is participating in national and regional level coordination mechanisms. The operation will target 252,000 people (63,000 households). (IFRC, 8 Nov 2016)
By 9 January 2017, UNICEF reported a total of 596 cases in 2016. (UNICEF, 9 Jan 2017)
When Cholera strikes, it is devastating. It moves quickly, infecting people who unknowingly pass it on to others. High-density communities around city centers are often the hardest hit by an outbreak, and efforts to contain the disease become a race against time. Since the early 1970s, Ghana has reported intermittent Cholera outbreaks, with significant epidemics in the recent past. In 2014, 60 percent of Ghana’s districts reported Cholera infections and in 2014 and 2015 combined, nearly 30,000 new cases and over 250 deaths were reported.
30 977 cases reported this year including 849 deaths, the case fatality rate of 2.7%.
Majority of cases are from the Congo River basin (DR Congo, RCA and Congo Brazzaville).
This represents 92% of cases in the entire region with more than 28 000 cases in the DR Congo exclusively.
Système d’alerte et d’intervention rapide dans les situations d’urgence: expérimentation sur le terrain (nord-est du Nigéria) d’un projet OMS inédit
Faits saillants :
A noter que la complétude des données n’est pas totale sur les 2 dernières semaines. Ainsi la baisse apparente est due à incomplétude des données rapportées et non à une division par 2 de la transmission sur ces dernières semaines.
PLUS DE 1 200 CAS DE DENGUE SIGNALÉS
Au 11 novembre, quelque 1 251 cas de dengue et 15 décès ont été signalés dans la région du Centre. Trente autres cas ont été signalés dans les 12 autres régions. Le gouvernement a renforcé son système de surveillance et de rapport épidémiologique de la dengue et a pris des mesures de contrôle qui comprennent le traitement des cas graves et des campagnes d'information sur la santé publique. Des échantillons ont été envoyés à l'Institut Pasteur de Dakar pour analyse et confirmation.
OVER 1,200 DENGUE FEVER CASES REPORTED
Some 1,251 suspected dengue fever cases and 15 deaths had been reported in the country’s Central region as of 11 November. Thirty more cases were reported in 12 other regions. The government has reinforced its epidemiological survey and reporting system for dengue fever and is taking control measures that include treatment of severe cases and public health information campaigns. Samples have been dispatched to Dakar’s Institut Pasteur for analysis and confirmation.
Description of the disaster
145 VILLAGES DÉSERTÉS SUITE À DES ATTAQUES ARMÉES
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
ARMED ATTACK EMPTIES 145 VILLAGES
DE NOUVELLES VIOLENCES FONT 25 MORTS
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
FRESH VIOLENCE CLAIMS 25 LIVES