Yemen: Cholera Outbreak - Oct 2016Ongoing
Health authorities in Yemen confirmed a cholera outbreak on 6 October 2016, posing an increased health risk to the population especially children. The Ministry of Public Health and Population (MoPHP) announced that a total of 11 out of 25 suspected diarrhea cases have been confirmed as Cholera cases in the capital, Sana’a. As per the Inter-Agency joint response plan, UNICEF additional fund requirements for the cholera outbreak response stands at US$3.2 million. (UNICEF, 11 Oct 2016)
On 27 October, [WHO] released approximately US$1 million from its internal emergency funds to support the ongoing response to the cholera outbreak in Yemen. (WHO, 27 Oct 2016)
As of 11 January , 15,658 suspected cholera cases have been reported in 156 districts. A total of 180 out of 841 cases tested positive for Vibrio Cholera, serotype Ogawa. Overall, the epidemic curve shows a declining trend from week 51 onwards, while the attack rate remains high in some high-risk districts. Health response is underway through 26 Diarrhea Treatment Centres (DTC) in 24 districts, while WASH partners are undertaking response in 29 districts. An additional $3 million is being allocated through the 2017 HPF reserve allocation to address outstanding gaps. (OCHA, 15 Jan 2017)
The Yemen Pooled Fund has begun 2017 by launching a First Reserve Allocation for the Cholera response worth $2.7 million. (OCHA, 31 Jan 2017)
Since 27 April 2017, a second wave of [AWD]/ cholera outbreak began in several Yemeni governorates, which had seen a decrease...(WHO, 9 May 2017)
The number of [AWD]/ suspected cholera cases has increased dramatically and the outbreak expanded to 18 out of 22 governorates. Sana’a City is the most affected area, with more than 7 000 suspected cholera cases...Out of the total reported cases, as of 18 May, 131 deaths were confirmed and 36 resulted in death. (WHO, 18 May 2017)
As per the Integrated Response Plan released in June 2017, a total of $254 million is required to implement activities outlined for 6 months from May to December 2017...In the 286 high risk districts where suspected cholera cases were reported since the onset of the outbreak, an additional 280,358 cases are projected during the coming six months till end of 2017, out of an estimated 26 million at risk population (at actual attack rate + 110% increase in number of cases). A total of 280,358 cases are, therefore, projected from the risky areas in the coming six months, in addition to the cumulative 254,871 suspected cholera cases since the onset of the outbreak (WHO, 29 Jun 2017)
Over 120 humanitarian partners in Yemen are delivering coordinated assistance out of five hubs in Aden, Hudaydah, Ibb, Sa’ada, and Sana’a. From January to April this year, humanitarian partners reached 4.3 million people. However, at a time when the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan is only 33 per cent funded ($688 million of $2.1 billion), humanitarians have had to use resources programmed for food security or malnutrition to combat the unprecedented cholera outbreak which has surged beyond initial estimates. (OCHA, 12 July 2017)
On 3 July 2017, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) determined that the outbreak has surpassed the capacity of WASH and Health partners and there is a need for a system wide response. Thus, the HCT has called on other clusters to mobilize partners from across all sectors for engagement in the response. (UNHCR, 31 July 2017)
An emergency US$200 million grant announced by the World Bank aims to expand the scope of the ongoing Emergency Health and Nutrition Project (EHNP) to reach a total of 13 million Yemenis with essential health and nutrition services and 4.5 million Yemenis with access to water and sanitation services. (World Bank, 25 Aug 2017)
978,129 suspected cholera cases and 2, 224 associated deaths have been reported across the country between 27 April and 6 December 2017. At this pace, the number of cholera cases will reach one million before the end of the year. With the rainy season coming up (March-June), there are fears that the cholera outbreak might again spiral out of control. (ECHO, 8 Dec 2017)
Since April 2017, more than 1.1 million suspected cholera cases and 2,310 associated deaths have been reported in Yemen. Twenty-one of the 22 governorates (305 out of 333 districts) have been affected. In the last three weeks, 209 districts have reported suspected cholera cases, including Shada District in Sa’ada Governorate which reported its first ever case. The outbreak is the most serious on record. (OCHA, 26 Aug 2018)
The cumulative total number of suspected cholera cases from 27 April 2017 to 23 September 2018 is 1207596 and 2510 associated deaths (CFR 0.21%)...Children under 5 years of age represent 30.5% of the total suspected cases. So far, the cholera outbreak has affected 22 out of 23 governorates and 306 out of 333 districts in Yemen....At the country level, there has been an upward trend for 15 consecutive weeks and from week 35 to week 37 the trend of suspected cases is increasing by 16%. Eight governorates are presenting an increase of suspected cases which include Aden (+65%), Amran (+45%), Al Hudaydah (+27%) and Taizz (+22%). (WHO, 11 Oct 2018.)
As of 7 October 2018, the cumulative total number of suspected cholera cases since 27 April 2017 is is 1, 236,028, with 2556 associated deaths (CFR 0.21%). During epidemiological week 40 (1–7 October) in 2018, the governorates reporting the highest number of suspected cases are Al Hudaydah (2475), Amran (2194), Dhamar (1824), Amanat Al Asimah (1467), and Sana’a (1389). (WHO, 25 Oct 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 [EN/AR/FR/ES/ZH]
- Yemen Humanitarian Update Covering 22 - 30 November 2018 | Issue 33
- Yemen: Humanitarian Dashboard (January - October 2018)
- Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mr. Mark Lowcock, Remarks to the Security Council on the Humanitarian Situation in Yemen
- ICRC: Conditions in Yemen Expected to Worsen Even if Peace Takes Hold
The Ministry of Public Health and Population has published updated figures for cholera cases in the country.
A total of 2733 suspected cases and 51 associated deaths have been reported in Ta’iz, Aden, Lahij, Al Hudaydah, Hajjah, Sana'a, Al Bayda, Dhamar and Ibb. 75 cholera cases have been laboratory-confirmed so far.
71 confirmed cases of cholera in 11 governorates
Food insecurity worsens
Salaries of 1.25M public servants remain unpaid
Airstrike in Sana’a kills over 140 and injures over 600
Total population 26 m
# of people targeted by assistance 12.6 m
# of people targeted by health care assistance 10.7 m
# of people targeted by food assistance 8.0 m
P# of people displaced (IDPs & returnees) 3.1 m*
On 5 November, hundreds of supporters of Houthis protested in Sana'a against the UN peace roadmap put forward by the UN Special Envoy Cheikh Ahmed, who arrived in Sana'a on 3 November. The Yemeni President in exile last week rejected the UN proposal while the Houthis said it was a basis for discussion.
The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has released new figures on the number of cholera and cholera-related deaths in the country.
As of 30 October 2016, a total of 1410 suspected cases of cholera, including 45 associated deaths have been reported. Laboratory-confirmed cases of cholera have been reported from Taiz, Aden, Lahj, Al-Hudaydah, Hajjah, Sana'a, Al-Baida and and Ibb governorates. Of the 116 stools samples tested so far, 55 were positive for Vibrio cholerae 01 Ogawa at the Central Public Health Laboratory of Sana’a.
ADEN, 7th November, 2016 (WAM) -- Emirates Red Crescent, ERC, is continuing its anti-Cholera awareness campaign in schools and health centres in the Aden Governorate of Yemen.
The campaign, supported by ERC and in co-ordination with the Health Office in Aden, aims at briefing students, teachers and parents about means of preventing Cholera, especially personal hygiene and public health. The campaign began last October in one of Aden's schools and will continue to reach out to every school in the area.
Sana'a, 6 November 2016 — More than half of all health facilities in Yemen are closed or partially functioning, and there are critical shortages in medical doctors in more than 40% of all districts, according to a new WHO health system survey.
This report is produced by OCHA Yemen in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period from 13 October – 1 November 2016. The next report will be issued as additional information becomes available.
Cholera is spreading throughout Yemen. 71 cases have been confirmed in 11 governorates; eight people have already died in three governorates; and there are over 2,000 suspected cases across the country.
The humanitarian crisis in Yemen is getting ever worse. More than 21 million people in the country are in urgent need of assistance. The Federal Foreign Office has provided €28 million this year to pay for humanitarian aid for those affected.
One of the biggest humanitarian crises worldwide
27 October 2016 – The World Health Organization (WHO) has released approximately US$ 1 million from its internal emergency funds to support the ongoing response to the cholera outbreak in Yemen. Since the outbreak was announced by the Ministry of Public Health and Population on 6 October, a total of 1184 suspected cases of cholera, including 6 deaths, have been reported. 47 cases have tested positive for Vibrio cholerae. However, a chronic lack of funding for Yemen is impeding action by WHO and health partners to effectively control and respond to the current outbreak.
7797th Meeting (AM)
The Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen told the Security Council today that he had presented the parties with a comprehensive road map to end the conflict, consistent with Security Council resolution 2216 (2015), the Gulf Cooperation Council Initiative and its Implementation Mechanism, and the Outcomes of the National Dialogue Conference.
Health system ravaged by war has collapsed, unable to cope with contagious diseases
Millions of Yemeni children are at risk from a triple threat of malnutrition which has left their immune systems low, a spiralling cholera epidemic, and a new outbreak of the highly infectious measles virus.
The warning comes as fighting between the Saudi Arabia-led coalition and Houthi opposition group has raged all week, since a 72-hour ceasefire ended and failed to secure lasting peace.
Yemen - Conflict (WHO, Health cluster, IOM, Media)
The cholera outbreak is spreading rapidly. On 27 October, WHO reported 51 confirmed cases of cholera from nine governorates with more than 1 180 suspected cases. The humanitarian response continues to provide people with medical treatment and water supply in the affected areas.
There can be no humanitarian solution to the conflict in Yemen. There needs to be a political solution, beginning with an immediate cessation of hostilities. I echo the Special Envoy’s call. All parties and all with influence over them must work towards peace. Each day that this war continues, it is civilians who suffer. Each day that the conflict drags on, we inexorably are propelled ever closer to an entire generation of Yemenis whose formative years are spent in the chaos of combat.
21.2 million People in need
15.2 million People lack access to basic health services
12.6 million People targeted for life-saving interventions
3.1 million People displaced by conflict
3.15 million Women of girls of reproductive age
504,000 Pregnant women
61,000 Women of reproductive age at risk of sexual violence, including rape