Yemen: Cholera Outbreak - Oct 2016Ongoing
Health authorities in Yemen confirmed a cholera outbreak on 6 October 2016, posing an increased health risk to the population especially children. The Ministry of Public Health and Population (MoPHP) announced that a total of 11 out of 25 suspected diarrhea cases have been confirmed as Cholera cases in the capital, Sana’a. As per the Inter-Agency joint response plan, UNICEF additional fund requirements for the cholera outbreak response stands at US$3.2 million. (UNICEF, 11 Oct 2016)
As of 23 October, 31 cases of cholera have been confirmed, in Amant Al Asimah, Aden, Lahj, Al Bayda, Sana’a and Hajjah governorates. At least 7.6 million people are estimated to be living in affected and at-risk areas. (UNICEF, 24 Oct 2016)
On 27 October, [WHO] released approximately US$1 million from its internal emergency funds to support the ongoing response to the cholera outbreak in Yemen. (WHO, 27 Oct 2016)
As of 11 January , 15,658 suspected cholera cases have been reported in 156 districts. A total of 180 out of 841 cases tested positive for Vibrio Cholera, serotype Ogawa. Overall, the epidemic curve shows a declining trend from week 51 onwards, while the attack rate remains high in some high-risk districts. Health response is underway through 26 Diarrhea Treatment Centres (DTC) in 24 districts, while WASH partners are undertaking response in 29 districts. An additional $3 million is being allocated through the 2017 HPF reserve allocation to address outstanding gaps. (OCHA, 15 Jan 2017)
The Yemen Pooled Fund has begun 2017 by launching a First Reserve Allocation for the Cholera response worth $2.7 million. (OCHA, 31 Jan 2017)
Since 27 April 2017, a second wave of [AWD]/ cholera outbreak began in several Yemeni governorates, which had seen a decrease...(WHO, 9 May 2017)
The number of [AWD]/ suspected cholera cases has increased dramatically and the outbreak expanded to 18 out of 22 governorates. Sana’a City is the most affected area, with more than 7 000 suspected cholera cases...Out of the total reported cases, as of 18 May, 131 deaths were confirmed and 36 resulted in death. (WHO, 18 May 2017)
As per the Integrated Response Plan released in June 2017, a total of $254 million is required to implement activities outlined for 6 months from May to December 2017...In the 286 high risk districts where suspected cholera cases were reported since the onset of the outbreak, an additional 280,358 cases are projected during the coming six months till end of 2017, out of an estimated 26 million at risk population (at actual attack rate + 110% increase in number of cases). A total of 280,358 cases are, therefore, projected from the risky areas in the coming six months, in addition to the cumulative 254,871 suspected cholera cases since the onset of the outbreak (WHO, 29 Jun 2017)
Over 120 humanitarian partners in Yemen are delivering coordinated assistance out of five hubs in Aden, Hudaydah, Ibb, Sa’ada, and Sana’a. From January to April this year, humanitarian partners reached 4.3 million people. However, at a time when the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan is only 33 per cent funded ($688 million of $2.1 billion), humanitarians have had to use resources programmed for food security or malnutrition to combat the unprecedented cholera outbreak which has surged beyond initial estimates. (OCHA, 12 July 2017)
On 3 July 2017, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) determined that the outbreak has surpassed the capacity of WASH and Health partners and there is a need for a system wide response. Thus, the HCT has called on other clusters to mobilize partners from across all sectors for engagement in the response. For the Shelter/NFI/CCCM Cluster partners, involvement revolves around cholera prevention activities: namely spreading cholera prevention messaging through distribution of IEC materials as well as coupling of Shelter activities with WASH activities. The Cluster Coordination Team shared the approved IEC materials by the WASH Cluster and ensured that partners with funds could intervene in a joint Shelter and WASH response in IDPs spontaneous settlements, collective centers and small shelter units. (UNHCR, 31 July 2017)
An emergency US$200 million grant announced by the World Bank aims to expand the scope of the ongoing Emergency Health and Nutrition Project (EHNP) to reach a total of 13 million Yemenis with essential health and nutrition services and 4.5 million Yemenis with access to water and sanitation services. The integrated support package financed by the new grant will include; the training of 7,500 health workers, strengthening the local capacity to treat and manage cholera cases; a provision of bulk chlorination of water supplies; the rehabilitation of critical wastewater treatment plants; support for mass communication and social mobilization campaigns; and support for one the largest ever cholera vaccine campaigns aiming to reach millions of Yemenis. (World Bank, 25 Aug 2017)
A peak of cholera suspected cases was observed during the epidemiological week 26, subsequently, the weekly number of cases has decreased from then until epidemiological week 32. For the first time during the last 6 weeks, the weekly number of cases increased slightly from epi week 32 to epi week 33. (WHO, 31 Aug 2017)
Between 27 April 2017 and 8 September 2017, 635,752 suspected cholera cases and 2,062 associated deaths have been reported across the country. In total, 22 out of 23 (96%) governorates and 300 out of 333 districts (90%) are affected by the outbreak. The outbreak is far from over. During the past three weeks, a significant increase in the number of suspected cholera cases has been reported in select districts of seven governorates. The most concerning increase is in three governorates: Al-Hudaydah (which has seen a 40% increase over the last three weeks), Ibb and Aden. (WHO/UNICEF, 9 Sep 2017)
Mass atrocity crimes are being committed in Yemen as pro-government forces and a regional military coalition fight against Houthi rebels, who still control much of the country.
Despite several temporary ceasefire agreements and intermittent UN-brokered peace talks between the government and Houthi rebels, the conflict in Yemen continues to leave civilians facing mass atrocity crimes. The last attempted ceasefire, which started on 19 November 2016, collapsed within 48 hours.
The cumulative number of cholera cases reported in Yemen since October 2016 is 468 993 including 2 050 related deaths with a case fatality rate of 0.43%. The country experienced a second wave of this outbreak during the month of April and from 27 April to 31 July 2017, the total number of reported cases of cholera at 443 166 including 1 921 related deaths with a case fatality rate of 0.43%.
Over half a million cholera cases were reported between 27 April and 22 August in Yemen. The total number of cases is likely to exceed the 600,000 prediction by the end of 2017. Food security also continues to deteriorate in previously less affected eastern areas of the country. In Hadramut governorate, the share of the population with poor food consumption increased from 3% in May to 14% in July, and food assistance is limited.
Mr President, Distinguished Representatives,
New York, 21 August 2017
Mr. President, Distinguished Representatives,
Speech given by Ms Christine Beerli, Vice-President of the ICRC at the World Humanitarian Day panel on "Violence against health care and its implications for affected populations, humanitarian workers and aid".
Director General, Your Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,
The ICRC is honoured to co-organise with the United Nations Office in Geneva, UNOCHA and MSF this debate on World Humanitarian Day.
Letter sent to Secretary-General Guterres, all 15 members of the United Nations Security Council and EU High Representative Mogherini.
OSLO/NORWAY 18 August 2017
Dear Secretary-General Guterres,
Yemen today continues to traverse a critical and agonizing period as civilians pay a terrible price of an unending power struggle. Those who survive the fighting face death by famine or disease as the economic situation continues to deteriorate and the humanitarian conditions worsens.
Yemen’s cholera caseload exceeds 522,000 new suspected cases and nearly 2,000 related deaths
Revised 2017 Yemen HRP appeal requests $2.3 billion for humanitarian response efforts
USAID/FFP partner WFP reaches more than 6 million people with emergency food assistance in July
8027TH MEETING (AM)
Iran-backed Rebels Blocking Aid Delivery, Deputy Prime Minister Stresses, Pledging Airport Reopening Provided Government Forces Control Security
Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict (Watchlist) and Save the Children collected more than 37,000 signatures on a petition calling on UN Secretary-General António Guterres to list all responsible parties for committing grave violations against children in Yemen, including the Saudi Arabia-led coalition, in his 2017 annual report on children and armed conflict.