Yemen: Cholera Outbreak - Oct 2016Ongoing
Health authorities in Yemen confirmed a cholera outbreak on 6 October 2016, posing an increased health risk to the population especially children. The Ministry of Public Health and Population (MoPHP) announced that a total of 11 out of 25 suspected diarrhea cases have been confirmed as Cholera cases in the capital, Sana’a. As per the Inter-Agency joint response plan, UNICEF additional fund requirements for the cholera outbreak response stands at US$3.2 million. (UNICEF, 11 Oct 2016)
As of 23 October, 31 cases of cholera have been confirmed, in Amant Al Asimah, Aden, Lahj, Al Bayda, Sana’a and Hajjah governorates. At least 7.6 million people are estimated to be living in affected and at-risk areas. (UNICEF, 24 Oct 2016)
On 27 October, [WHO] released approximately US$1 million from its internal emergency funds to support the ongoing response to the cholera outbreak in Yemen. (WHO, 27 Oct 2016)
As of 11 January , 15,658 suspected cholera cases have been reported in 156 districts. A total of 180 out of 841 cases tested positive for Vibrio Cholera, serotype Ogawa. Overall, the epidemic curve shows a declining trend from week 51 onwards, while the attack rate remains high in some high-risk districts. Health response is underway through 26 Diarrhea Treatment Centres (DTC) in 24 districts, while WASH partners are undertaking response in 29 districts. An additional $3 million is being allocated through the 2017 HPF reserve allocation to address outstanding gaps. (OCHA, 15 Jan 2017)
The Yemen Pooled Fund has begun 2017 by launching a First Reserve Allocation for the Cholera response worth $2.7 million. (OCHA, 31 Jan 2017)
Since 27 April 2017, a second wave of [AWD]/ cholera outbreak began in several Yemeni governorates, which had seen a decrease...(WHO, 9 May 2017)
The number of [AWD]/ suspected cholera cases has increased dramatically and the outbreak expanded to 18 out of 22 governorates. Sana’a City is the most affected area, with more than 7 000 suspected cholera cases...Out of the total reported cases, as of 18 May, 131 deaths were confirmed and 36 resulted in death. (WHO, 18 May 2017)
As per the Integrated Response Plan released in June 2017, a total of $254 million is required to implement activities outlined for 6 months from May to December 2017...In the 286 high risk districts where suspected cholera cases were reported since the onset of the outbreak, an additional 280,358 cases are projected during the coming six months till end of 2017, out of an estimated 26 million at risk population (at actual attack rate + 110% increase in number of cases). A total of 280,358 cases are, therefore, projected from the risky areas in the coming six months, in addition to the cumulative 254,871 suspected cholera cases since the onset of the outbreak (WHO, 29 Jun 2017)
Over 120 humanitarian partners in Yemen are delivering coordinated assistance out of five hubs in Aden, Hudaydah, Ibb, Sa’ada, and Sana’a. From January to April this year, humanitarian partners reached 4.3 million people. However, at a time when the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan is only 33 per cent funded ($688 million of $2.1 billion), humanitarians have had to use resources programmed for food security or malnutrition to combat the unprecedented cholera outbreak which has surged beyond initial estimates. (OCHA, 12 July 2017)
On 3 July 2017, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) determined that the outbreak has surpassed the capacity of WASH and Health partners and there is a need for a system wide response. Thus, the HCT has called on other clusters to mobilize partners from across all sectors for engagement in the response. For the Shelter/NFI/CCCM Cluster partners, involvement revolves around cholera prevention activities: namely spreading cholera prevention messaging through distribution of IEC materials as well as coupling of Shelter activities with WASH activities. The Cluster Coordination Team shared the approved IEC materials by the WASH Cluster and ensured that partners with funds could intervene in a joint Shelter and WASH response in IDPs spontaneous settlements, collective centers and small shelter units. (UNHCR, 31 July 2017)
An emergency US$200 million grant announced by the World Bank aims to expand the scope of the ongoing Emergency Health and Nutrition Project (EHNP) to reach a total of 13 million Yemenis with essential health and nutrition services and 4.5 million Yemenis with access to water and sanitation services. The integrated support package financed by the new grant will include; the training of 7,500 health workers, strengthening the local capacity to treat and manage cholera cases; a provision of bulk chlorination of water supplies; the rehabilitation of critical wastewater treatment plants; support for mass communication and social mobilization campaigns; and support for one the largest ever cholera vaccine campaigns aiming to reach millions of Yemenis. (World Bank, 25 Aug 2017)
As of 26 November, the cumulative total from 27 April 2017 to 26 Nov 2017 is 959,810 suspected cholera cases and 2,219 associated deaths, (CFR 0.23%), 1049 have been confirmed by culture. The national attack rate is 348.51 per 10,000. The five governorates with the highest cumulative attack rates per 10,000 remain Amran (814), Al Mahwit (773), Al Dhale’e (642), Abyan (492) and Sana’a (465). (WHO, 27 Nov 2017)
978,129 suspected cholera cases and 2, 224 associated deaths have been reported across the country between 27 April and 6 December 2017. At this pace, the number of cholera cases will reach one million before the end of the year. With the rainy season coming up (March-June), there are fears that the cholera outbreak might again spiral out of control. (ECHO, 8 Dec 2017)
The cumulative number of suspected cholera cases reported since 27 April 2017 reached 1,005,207 as of 24 December 2017, with 2,229 associated deaths reported across the country. The overall case fatality rate was 0.22%. The major challenges include a weakened health system caused by the ongoing conflict, access issues because of security incidents and bureaucratic impediments, and border blockages stopping the delivery of humanitarian aid. (WHO, UNICEF, 24 Dec 2017)
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Most read (last 30 days)
- Global Early Warning – Early Action Report on Food Security and Agriculture: January - March 2018
- Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator Mark Lowcock – Statement on the humanitarian situation in Yemen, 5 January 2018 [EN/AR]
- Born into War - 1,000 Days of Lost Childhood [EN/AR]
- UNICEF Yemen Humanitarian Situation Report (November 2017) [EN/AR]
- WHO, WFP and UNICEF: Yemen’s families cannot withstand another day of war, let alone another 1,000
Review the biggest health stories from WHO in 2017. Relive some of WHO's major achievements in the past year.
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This report summarizes the results of the survey of the water, sanitation and hygiene needs of cholera outbreak in As Silw District, Taiiz governorate, which was carried out by Tamdeen Youth foundation (TYF) in coordination with WASH sub-cluster (Taiz, Ibb Hub).
The report comes as a part of the foundation's rapid response to reducing cholera outbreak in As Silw district.
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Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Afghanistan
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Majority of these cases-71 cases including 13 associated deaths (CFR: 18.3%), were reported from the capital city, Kabul.
BALTIMORE, Dec. 20, 2017 - Lutheran World Relief (LWR), an international NGO working to develop sustainable solutions to poverty, has released its 2018 Early Warning Forecast of regions it is monitoring for potential or worsening humanitarian crises over the coming year: 11 Humanitarian Hotspots for the World to Watch
Ambassador Daniel V. Speckhard, LWR president & CEO, noted that armed conflict is a thread running through the world's current crises.
WEDNESDAY 20 DECEMBER 2017
Today marks 1,000 days since the international escalation of the conflict in Yemen. But even after over 1,000 days of suffering, destruction and death, still over half of Britons claim to know little or nothing about the conflict in Yemen.
In these past 1,000 days, there have been over 1,500 airstrikes which have led to the deaths of thousands of children from violence, hunger, and disease.
Today marks 1 000 days since the intensification of the conflict in Yemen and the launch of the Saudi-led coalition bombing campaign on 26 March 2015.
Yemen is being pushed ever closer to famine after 1,000 days of a brutal war, exacerbated by a crippling blockade of its key northern ports which is starving its people of food, fuel and medicine Oxfam warned today.
Some 90 per cent of Yemen’s food has to be imported and since a Saudi-led coalition imposed a blockade of the country’s key northern ports more than a month ago, only over a third of the food its people need is coming in.
More than 7 million people are now at acute risk of famine.
OXFAM BRIEFING NOTE
More than two and a half years since the escalation of the conflict, Yemeni people continue to bear the brunt of ongoing hostilities and severe economic decline. People are increasingly exhausting their coping mechanisms, and as a result the humanitarian crisis remains extremely widespread: an estimated 22.2 million people in Yemen need some kind of humanitarian or protection assistance, including 11.3 million who are in acute need – an increase of one million people in acute need since November 2016.
Fuel running out in water pumping stations serving over 3 million people; half of them are children
AMMAN/SANA’A, 19 December, 2017 – Recent restrictions on imports of fuel to Yemen have sparked critical shortages and price hikes across the country, severely impacting access to safe water and other vital services for children including health care and sanitation. The cuts are the latest challenge to containing Yemen’s acute watery diarrhea and cholera outbreak. Yemen has for decades struggled with extreme water scarcity.
Yemen risks sliding into famine and further disease outbreaks unless all the country’s ports are fully reopened, aid agency CARE has warned as the country marks 1,000 days since conflict began.
More than 22 million people in Yemen are in need of humanitarian aid, 7 million people face famine-like conditions and the country is experiencing one of the worst cholera outbreaks on record.
During a visit to a port in Djibouti, where UK aid is shipped to Yemen, Ms Mordaunt warns of the “human tragedy” of the world’s worst humanitarian crisis.
The UK is providing urgent new food and fuel supplies to help keep millions of Yemeni people alive as an escalation in fighting and restrictions on aid access threaten to push Yemen into a catastrophic famine, International Development Secretary Penny Mordaunt announced today (Monday 18 December 2017).