Yemen: Cholera Outbreak - Oct 2016Ongoing
Health authorities in Yemen confirmed a cholera outbreak on 6 October 2016, posing an increased health risk to the population especially children. The Ministry of Public Health and Population (MoPHP) announced that a total of 11 out of 25 suspected diarrhea cases have been confirmed as Cholera cases in the capital, Sana’a. As per the Inter-Agency joint response plan, UNICEF additional fund requirements for the cholera outbreak response stands at US$3.2 million. (UNICEF, 11 Oct 2016)
As of 23 October, 31 cases of cholera have been confirmed, in Amant Al Asimah, Aden, Lahj, Al Bayda, Sana’a and Hajjah governorates. At least 7.6 million people are estimated to be living in affected and at-risk areas. (UNICEF, 24 Oct 2016)
On 27 October, [WHO] released approximately US$1 million from its internal emergency funds to support the ongoing response to the cholera outbreak in Yemen. (WHO, 27 Oct 2016)
As of 11 January , 15,658 suspected cholera cases have been reported in 156 districts. A total of 180 out of 841 cases tested positive for Vibrio Cholera, serotype Ogawa. Overall, the epidemic curve shows a declining trend from week 51 onwards, while the attack rate remains high in some high-risk districts. Health response is underway through 26 Diarrhea Treatment Centres (DTC) in 24 districts, while WASH partners are undertaking response in 29 districts. An additional $3 million is being allocated through the 2017 HPF reserve allocation to address outstanding gaps. (OCHA, 15 Jan 2017)
The Yemen Pooled Fund has begun 2017 by launching a First Reserve Allocation for the Cholera response worth $2.7 million. (OCHA, 31 Jan 2017)
Since 27 April 2017, a second wave of [AWD]/ cholera outbreak began in several Yemeni governorates, which had seen a decrease...(WHO, 9 May 2017)
The number of [AWD]/ suspected cholera cases has increased dramatically and the outbreak expanded to 18 out of 22 governorates. Sana’a City is the most affected area, with more than 7 000 suspected cholera cases...Out of the total reported cases, as of 18 May, 131 deaths were confirmed and 36 resulted in death. (WHO, 18 May 2017)
As per the Integrated Response Plan released in June 2017, a total of $254 million is required to implement activities outlined for 6 months from May to December 2017...In the 286 high risk districts where suspected cholera cases were reported since the onset of the outbreak, an additional 280,358 cases are projected during the coming six months till end of 2017, out of an estimated 26 million at risk population (at actual attack rate + 110% increase in number of cases). A total of 280,358 cases are, therefore, projected from the risky areas in the coming six months, in addition to the cumulative 254,871 suspected cholera cases since the onset of the outbreak (WHO, 29 Jun 2017)
Over 120 humanitarian partners in Yemen are delivering coordinated assistance out of five hubs in Aden, Hudaydah, Ibb, Sa’ada, and Sana’a. From January to April this year, humanitarian partners reached 4.3 million people. However, at a time when the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan is only 33 per cent funded ($688 million of $2.1 billion), humanitarians have had to use resources programmed for food security or malnutrition to combat the unprecedented cholera outbreak which has surged beyond initial estimates. (OCHA, 12 July 2017)
On 3 July 2017, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) determined that the outbreak has surpassed the capacity of WASH and Health partners and there is a need for a system wide response. Thus, the HCT has called on other clusters to mobilize partners from across all sectors for engagement in the response. For the Shelter/NFI/CCCM Cluster partners, involvement revolves around cholera prevention activities: namely spreading cholera prevention messaging through distribution of IEC materials as well as coupling of Shelter activities with WASH activities. The Cluster Coordination Team shared the approved IEC materials by the WASH Cluster and ensured that partners with funds could intervene in a joint Shelter and WASH response in IDPs spontaneous settlements, collective centers and small shelter units. (UNHCR, 31 July 2017)
An emergency US$200 million grant announced by the World Bank aims to expand the scope of the ongoing Emergency Health and Nutrition Project (EHNP) to reach a total of 13 million Yemenis with essential health and nutrition services and 4.5 million Yemenis with access to water and sanitation services. The integrated support package financed by the new grant will include; the training of 7,500 health workers, strengthening the local capacity to treat and manage cholera cases; a provision of bulk chlorination of water supplies; the rehabilitation of critical wastewater treatment plants; support for mass communication and social mobilization campaigns; and support for one the largest ever cholera vaccine campaigns aiming to reach millions of Yemenis. (World Bank, 25 Aug 2017)
A peak of cholera suspected cases was observed during the epidemiological week 26, subsequently, the weekly number of cases has decreased from then until epidemiological week 32. For the first time during the last 6 weeks, the weekly number of cases increased slightly from epi week 32 to epi week 33. (WHO, 31 Aug 2017)
Between 27 April 2017 and 8 September 2017, 635,752 suspected cholera cases and 2,062 associated deaths have been reported across the country. In total, 22 out of 23 (96%) governorates and 300 out of 333 districts (90%) are affected by the outbreak. The outbreak is far from over. During the past three weeks, a significant increase in the number of suspected cholera cases has been reported in select districts of seven governorates. The most concerning increase is in three governorates: Al-Hudaydah (which has seen a 40% increase over the last three weeks), Ibb and Aden. (WHO/UNICEF, 9 Sep 2017)
UNHCR is deeply saddened by reports of incidents resulting in loss of life, including that of internally displaced persons (IDPs), in the north of Sana’a. On 23 August, hostilities in the Arhab district, some 20km north of Yemen’s capital city, left an estimated 40 individuals dead.
From 24-27 July, WFP Executive Director David Beasley visited Yemen on a joint mission together with the Executive Director of UNICEF Anthony Lake and WHO Director-General Dr. Tedros Ghebreyesus. The goal of the joint mission was to highlight the gravity of the situation, and the urgent need for greater response in Yemen, in order to deter the alarming levels of food insecurity, high levels of malnutrition and the unprecedented cholera outbreak.
An outbreak of cholera has spiked dramatically in several areas of Yemen, including its largest governorate of Hodeidah, Save the Children is warning.
Friday, 1 September 2017 - 10:05am
Recent health figures from the WHO reveal a far more mixed picture than reports of a nationwide slow-down have previously suggested.
Heavy rains have caused flash floods in Ibb and Taiz governorates on 30 August, leaving at least 18 people dead and dozens unaccounted for. The UN has warned that heavy rains and floods could exacerbate the on-going cholera epidemic.
• Following a Service Level Agreement between the World Health Organization (WHO) and, the World Food Programme (WFP), the Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC) team on the ground is given the responsibility of setting up 26x Emergency Operations Centres (EOCs) across the country in response to cholera outbreak.
• The ETC is assessing the technical and operational status of the telecommunications equipment deployed at the United Nations Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS) Communications Centres (COMCENs) in Yemen.
What do coding, mobile applications and peace-building have in common? According to Hanane Abdo, a young programmer from Aden, more than one would think. After taking part in a two-week YouthMobile workshop launched by UNESCO and Internet Society Yemen during she built a mobile application to spread messages of peace and raise awareness on human rights, she says she has gained confidence in herself and in the fact that, through coding, she can be “part of the solution and not the problem” in her home country.
Current major event
Meningitis in Yemen
The suspected bacterial meningitis cases continue to be monitored. From 01 January to 06 August 2017 (Epidemiological week 31), a total of 2,467 clinically diagnosed cases including 37 related deaths (Case fatality ratio- 1.5%) were reported through the Electronic Disease Early Warning System (eDEWS) in Yemen.
Aid organisations have warned that the rainy season could exacerbate a cholera epidemic in Yemen
ADEN, Aug 30 (Reuters) - At least 18 people have been killed in southern Yemen in flooding caused by heavy rains, the government-run news agency Saba reported on Wednesday.
Monsoon rains on Tuesday night flooded the al-Maqatra Wadi in Lahij province, south-west of the city of Taiz, sweeping away dozens of cars and vehicles, local officials were cited as saying.
Read more on Reuters.