Yemen: Cholera Outbreak - Oct 2016Ongoing
Health authorities in Yemen confirmed a cholera outbreak on 6 October 2016, posing an increased health risk to the population especially children. The Ministry of Public Health and Population (MoPHP) announced that a total of 11 out of 25 suspected diarrhea cases have been confirmed as Cholera cases in the capital, Sana’a. As per the Inter-Agency joint response plan, UNICEF additional fund requirements for the cholera outbreak response stands at US$3.2 million. (UNICEF, 11 Oct 2016)
As of 23 October, 31 cases of cholera have been confirmed, in Amant Al Asimah, Aden, Lahj, Al Bayda, Sana’a and Hajjah governorates. At least 7.6 million people are estimated to be living in affected and at-risk areas. (UNICEF, 24 Oct 2016)
On 27 October, [WHO] released approximately US$1 million from its internal emergency funds to support the ongoing response to the cholera outbreak in Yemen. (WHO, 27 Oct 2016)
As of 11 January , 15,658 suspected cholera cases have been reported in 156 districts. A total of 180 out of 841 cases tested positive for Vibrio Cholera, serotype Ogawa. Overall, the epidemic curve shows a declining trend from week 51 onwards, while the attack rate remains high in some high-risk districts. Health response is underway through 26 Diarrhea Treatment Centres (DTC) in 24 districts, while WASH partners are undertaking response in 29 districts. An additional $3 million is being allocated through the 2017 HPF reserve allocation to address outstanding gaps. (OCHA, 15 Jan 2017)
The Yemen Pooled Fund has begun 2017 by launching a First Reserve Allocation for the Cholera response worth $2.7 million. (OCHA, 31 Jan 2017)
Since 27 April 2017, a second wave of [AWD]/ cholera outbreak began in several Yemeni governorates, which had seen a decrease...(WHO, 9 May 2017)
The number of [AWD]/ suspected cholera cases has increased dramatically and the outbreak expanded to 18 out of 22 governorates. Sana’a City is the most affected area, with more than 7 000 suspected cholera cases...Out of the total reported cases, as of 18 May, 131 deaths were confirmed and 36 resulted in death. (WHO, 18 May 2017)
As per the Integrated Response Plan released in June 2017, a total of $254 million is required to implement activities outlined for 6 months from May to December 2017...In the 286 high risk districts where suspected cholera cases were reported since the onset of the outbreak, an additional 280,358 cases are projected during the coming six months till end of 2017, out of an estimated 26 million at risk population (at actual attack rate + 110% increase in number of cases). A total of 280,358 cases are, therefore, projected from the risky areas in the coming six months, in addition to the cumulative 254,871 suspected cholera cases since the onset of the outbreak (WHO, 29 Jun 2017)
Over 120 humanitarian partners in Yemen are delivering coordinated assistance out of five hubs in Aden, Hudaydah, Ibb, Sa’ada, and Sana’a. From January to April this year, humanitarian partners reached 4.3 million people. However, at a time when the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan is only 33 per cent funded ($688 million of $2.1 billion), humanitarians have had to use resources programmed for food security or malnutrition to combat the unprecedented cholera outbreak which has surged beyond initial estimates. (OCHA, 12 July 2017)
On 3 July 2017, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) determined that the outbreak has surpassed the capacity of WASH and Health partners and there is a need for a system wide response. Thus, the HCT has called on other clusters to mobilize partners from across all sectors for engagement in the response. For the Shelter/NFI/CCCM Cluster partners, involvement revolves around cholera prevention activities: namely spreading cholera prevention messaging through distribution of IEC materials as well as coupling of Shelter activities with WASH activities. The Cluster Coordination Team shared the approved IEC materials by the WASH Cluster and ensured that partners with funds could intervene in a joint Shelter and WASH response in IDPs spontaneous settlements, collective centers and small shelter units. (UNHCR, 31 July 2017)
An emergency US$200 million grant announced by the World Bank aims to expand the scope of the ongoing Emergency Health and Nutrition Project (EHNP) to reach a total of 13 million Yemenis with essential health and nutrition services and 4.5 million Yemenis with access to water and sanitation services. The integrated support package financed by the new grant will include; the training of 7,500 health workers, strengthening the local capacity to treat and manage cholera cases; a provision of bulk chlorination of water supplies; the rehabilitation of critical wastewater treatment plants; support for mass communication and social mobilization campaigns; and support for one the largest ever cholera vaccine campaigns aiming to reach millions of Yemenis. (World Bank, 25 Aug 2017)
As of 26 November, the cumulative total from 27 April 2017 to 26 Nov 2017 is 959,810 suspected cholera cases and 2,219 associated deaths, (CFR 0.23%), 1049 have been confirmed by culture. The national attack rate is 348.51 per 10,000. The five governorates with the highest cumulative attack rates per 10,000 remain Amran (814), Al Mahwit (773), Al Dhale’e (642), Abyan (492) and Sana’a (465). (WHO, 27 Nov 2017)
978,129 suspected cholera cases and 2, 224 associated deaths have been reported across the country between 27 April and 6 December 2017. At this pace, the number of cholera cases will reach one million before the end of the year. With the rainy season coming up (March-June), there are fears that the cholera outbreak might again spiral out of control. (ECHO, 8 Dec 2017)
The cumulative number of suspected cholera cases reported since 27 April 2017 reached 1,005,207 as of 24 December 2017, with 2,229 associated deaths reported across the country. The overall case fatality rate was 0.22%. The major challenges include a weakened health system caused by the ongoing conflict, access issues because of security incidents and bureaucratic impediments, and border blockages stopping the delivery of humanitarian aid. (WHO, UNICEF, 24 Dec 2017)
Maps & Infographics
Most read (last 30 days)
- Global Early Warning – Early Action Report on Food Security and Agriculture: January - March 2018
- Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator Mark Lowcock – Statement on the humanitarian situation in Yemen, 5 January 2018 [EN/AR]
- Born into War - 1,000 Days of Lost Childhood [EN/AR]
- UNICEF Yemen Humanitarian Situation Report (November 2017) [EN/AR]
- WHO, WFP and UNICEF: Yemen’s families cannot withstand another day of war, let alone another 1,000
I remain deeply concerned about the ongoing crisis in Yemen, where more than 22 million people need humanitarian assistance – 8.4 million of whom are already on the edge of starvation. Attacks on civilians and civilian infrastructure have continued and must stop. I am encouraged, however, by the news that the first commercial fuel imports into Hudaydah port since 6 November docked today, while commercial food imports that resumed in recent weeks have continued.
Tánaiste Simon Coveney and Minister Cannon announce further support to the severe humanitarian crisis in Yemen
The Tánaiste and Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade, Simon Coveney T.D., and Minister of State for the Diaspora and International Development, Mr. Ciarán Cannon, T.D., today announced additional Irish funding of €500,000 towards the humanitarian response in Yemen, now the world's largest crisis, with over 20 million people in need of some form of humanitarian assistance.
22 December 2017 – The total number of suspected cholera cases in Yemen has crossed one million, the United Nations World Health Organization (WHO) reported today, urging greater efforts to tackle the outbreak and deal with the deteriorating health situation in the war-torn nation.
“The epidemic is not yet over and more concerted efforts need to be deployed to ensure that it is controlled in the immediate term and prevented from reoccurring in the near future,” WHO spokesperson Tarik Jašarevic told a press briefing in Geneva.
Ibb - December, 2017 Adeeba* 42, is from AlMakhadir district, Ibb governorate. She is the head of a family of eight people.
These days, her main problems and challenges are to find food, to be able to eat and to find water to drink, therefore, she does not focus on their quality.
Sana’a—The two-and-a-half-year-old conflict in Yemen has left a catastrophe. The crisis has continued to deteriorate following last month’s escalation of fighting in the north, as well as explosions in the south.
Essential services have collapsed and approximately 75 per cent of Yemenis need humanitarian assistance. A cholera outbreak has affected 21 of the 22 Governorates, while only 50 per cent of health facilities remain functioning in the country.
Press release 226/2017
19 December 2017
Finland will assist areas suffering from conflicts and drought in Yemen, Northeast Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Ethiopia.
“The focus in our aid decisions towards the end of the year is on crises where the need is currently particularly great and aid is needed urgently”, says Kai Mykkänen, Minister for Foreign Trade and Development.
Groupe URD is providing support to MSF’s Evaluation Unit (based in Vienna) as part of an independent evaluation of the response to the cholera crisis in Yemen by MSF OCBA (Barcelona-Athens). The country has been devastated by a war that has had a terrible impact on its health and sanitation systems. The cholera epidemic has already killed more than 2000 people and affected more than 800 000. The MSF system is committed to reducing the impact of this epidemic and is fighting to control it, using lessons learned in other situations, such as the cholera epidemic in Haiti.
The education and development of so many children was disrupted this year by humanitarian emergencies - we look at some of the stories of despair and dreams.
One in four of the world’s school-age children - nearly 500 million - live in countries affected by humanitarian crises such as conflicts, natural disasters and disease outbreaks.
About 75 million children are either already missing out on their education, receiving poor quality schooling or at risk of dropping out of school altogether.
SANA’A, 21 Dec 2017 – A World Health Organization-chartered aircraft carrying more than 70 tons of essential medicines and surgical supplies landed in Sana’a Airport today, the largest planeload delivered by WHO to Yemen this year.
The shipment contains trauma kits sufficient to meet the needs of 2000 patients requiring surgical care, as well as various types of rapid diagnostic tests and laboratory reagents to cover the urgent needs of central laboratories and blood banks.