Yemen: Cholera Outbreak - Oct 2016Ongoing
Health authorities in Yemen confirmed a cholera outbreak on 6 October 2016, posing an increased health risk to the population especially children. The Ministry of Public Health and Population (MoPHP) announced that a total of 11 out of 25 suspected diarrhea cases have been confirmed as Cholera cases in the capital, Sana’a. As per the Inter-Agency joint response plan, UNICEF additional fund requirements for the cholera outbreak response stands at US$3.2 million. (UNICEF, 11 Oct 2016)
On 27 October, [WHO] released approximately US$1 million from its internal emergency funds to support the ongoing response to the cholera outbreak in Yemen. (WHO, 27 Oct 2016)
As of 11 January , 15,658 suspected cholera cases have been reported in 156 districts. A total of 180 out of 841 cases tested positive for Vibrio Cholera, serotype Ogawa. Overall, the epidemic curve shows a declining trend from week 51 onwards, while the attack rate remains high in some high-risk districts. Health response is underway through 26 Diarrhea Treatment Centres (DTC) in 24 districts, while WASH partners are undertaking response in 29 districts. An additional $3 million is being allocated through the 2017 HPF reserve allocation to address outstanding gaps. (OCHA, 15 Jan 2017)
The Yemen Pooled Fund has begun 2017 by launching a First Reserve Allocation for the Cholera response worth $2.7 million. (OCHA, 31 Jan 2017)
Since 27 April 2017, a second wave of [AWD]/ cholera outbreak began in several Yemeni governorates, which had seen a decrease...(WHO, 9 May 2017)
The number of [AWD]/ suspected cholera cases has increased dramatically and the outbreak expanded to 18 out of 22 governorates. Sana’a City is the most affected area, with more than 7 000 suspected cholera cases...Out of the total reported cases, as of 18 May, 131 deaths were confirmed and 36 resulted in death. (WHO, 18 May 2017)
As per the Integrated Response Plan released in June 2017, a total of $254 million is required to implement activities outlined for 6 months from May to December 2017...In the 286 high risk districts where suspected cholera cases were reported since the onset of the outbreak, an additional 280,358 cases are projected during the coming six months till end of 2017, out of an estimated 26 million at risk population (at actual attack rate + 110% increase in number of cases). A total of 280,358 cases are, therefore, projected from the risky areas in the coming six months, in addition to the cumulative 254,871 suspected cholera cases since the onset of the outbreak (WHO, 29 Jun 2017)
Over 120 humanitarian partners in Yemen are delivering coordinated assistance out of five hubs in Aden, Hudaydah, Ibb, Sa’ada, and Sana’a. From January to April this year, humanitarian partners reached 4.3 million people. However, at a time when the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan is only 33 per cent funded ($688 million of $2.1 billion), humanitarians have had to use resources programmed for food security or malnutrition to combat the unprecedented cholera outbreak which has surged beyond initial estimates. (OCHA, 12 July 2017)
An emergency US$200 million grant announced by the World Bank aims to expand the scope of the ongoing Emergency Health and Nutrition Project (EHNP) to reach a total of 13 million Yemenis with essential health and nutrition services and 4.5 million Yemenis with access to water and sanitation services. (World Bank, 25 Aug 2017)
978,129 suspected cholera cases and 2, 224 associated deaths have been reported across the country between 27 April and 6 December 2017. At this pace, the number of cholera cases will reach one million before the end of the year. With the rainy season coming up (March-June), there are fears that the cholera outbreak might again spiral out of control. (ECHO, 8 Dec 2017)
Since April 2017, more than 1.1 million suspected cholera cases and 2,310 associated deaths have been reported in Yemen. Twenty-one of the 22 governorates (305 out of 333 districts) have been affected. In the last three weeks, 209 districts have reported suspected cholera cases, including Shada District in Sa’ada Governorate which reported its first ever case. The outbreak is the most serious on record. (OCHA, 26 Aug 2018)
As of 7 December 2018, The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has reported 12 289 suspected cases and 10 associated deaths during epidemiological week 45 (5 – 11 November) in 2018. From week 42 to week 44, the trend of weekly reported suspected cholera cases is decreasing by 14% at country level. However, there are five governorates (Al Mahwit, Ibb, Hajjah, Al Jawf, and Aden) reporting an increase in suspected cholera cases. This week, the governorates reporting the highest number of suspected cases are Sana’a (1835), Amran (1799), Ibb (1697) Dhamar (1737) and Amanat Al Asimah (1539). (WHO, 7 Dec 2018)
Cholera outbreaks in Yemen has been one of the worst cholera epidemics in recent history. This has resulted in more than 1.3 million cases and over 2 500 deaths by the end of year. (WHO, 30 Dec 2018)
The number of Acute Watery Diarrhoea/suspected cholera cases has continued to rise since the start of 2019, with 311 out of 333 districts reporting suspected cases this year so far. Since 1 January 2019 to 30 April 2019, there have been 284,905 suspected cases and 568 associated deaths1 recorded (CFR 0.20 per cent). While children under five represent a quarter of the total suspected cases, the elderly are most seriously affected. (UNICEF, 30 Apr 2019)
The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen reported 18,546 suspected cases and 10 associated deaths during epidemiological week 35 (20 August- 1 September) of 2019. Ten percent of cases were severe. The cumulative total number of suspected cholera cases from 1 January 2018 to 1 September 2019 is 991674, with 1350 associated deaths (CFR 0.14%). Children under five represent 25 % of total suspected cases during 2019. The outbreak has affected 22 of 23 governorates and 305 of 333 districts in Yemen. (WHO, 1 Sep 2019)
The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen reported 11 362 suspected cases and three associated deaths during epidemiological week 45 (04 – 10 November) of 2019 with 11% of the cases reported as severe. The cumulative total number of suspected cholera cases from 1 January 2018 to 03 November 2019 is 1 145 292, with 1507 associated deaths (CFR 0.13%). Children under five represent 26% of the total suspected cases during 2019. The outbreak has affected 22 of the 23 governorates and 311 of the 333 districts of Yemen. (WHO, 19 Nov 2019)
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- OCHA: Yemen: Humanitarian Dashboard (January - October 2019). 12 Dec 2019
- WHO: WHO EMRO Weekly Epidemiological Monitor: Volume 12, Issue no 49; 08 December 2019. 16 Dec 2019
- OCHA: Yemen: 2019 Humanitarian Needs Overview [EN/AR]. 14 Feb 2019
- UN SC: United Nations Officials Urge Parties in Yemen to Fulfil Stockholm, Hodeidah Agreements, amid Security Council Calls for Opening of Aid Corridors. 17 Jun 2019
- Save the Children: Hunger crisis set to hit thousands of Yemeni children living in areas cut off from aid supplies. 21 Nov 2019
7797th Meeting (AM)
The Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen told the Security Council today that he had presented the parties with a comprehensive road map to end the conflict, consistent with Security Council resolution 2216 (2015), the Gulf Cooperation Council Initiative and its Implementation Mechanism, and the Outcomes of the National Dialogue Conference.
Health system ravaged by war has collapsed, unable to cope with contagious diseases
Millions of Yemeni children are at risk from a triple threat of malnutrition which has left their immune systems low, a spiralling cholera epidemic, and a new outbreak of the highly infectious measles virus.
The warning comes as fighting between the Saudi Arabia-led coalition and Houthi opposition group has raged all week, since a 72-hour ceasefire ended and failed to secure lasting peace.
Yemen - Conflict (WHO, Health cluster, IOM, Media)
The cholera outbreak is spreading rapidly. On 27 October, WHO reported 51 confirmed cases of cholera from nine governorates with more than 1 180 suspected cases. The humanitarian response continues to provide people with medical treatment and water supply in the affected areas.
There can be no humanitarian solution to the conflict in Yemen. There needs to be a political solution, beginning with an immediate cessation of hostilities. I echo the Special Envoy’s call. All parties and all with influence over them must work towards peace. Each day that this war continues, it is civilians who suffer. Each day that the conflict drags on, we inexorably are propelled ever closer to an entire generation of Yemenis whose formative years are spent in the chaos of combat.
21.2 million People in need
15.2 million People lack access to basic health services
12.6 million People targeted for life-saving interventions
3.1 million People displaced by conflict
3.15 million Women of girls of reproductive age
504,000 Pregnant women
61,000 Women of reproductive age at risk of sexual violence, including rape
Yemen - IOM has launched a regional appeal for USD149.96 million as the situation in Yemen continues to deteriorate since fighting escalated in late March 2015.
The recent escalation has exacerbated an already precarious humanitarian crisis characterized by widespread poverty, indiscriminate violence, human rights violations and open conflict. As recently as July 2016, 82 percent (21.2 million individuals) of the population in Yemen, including 2.2 million internally displaced people (IDPs), were in need of humanitarian assistance.
By Rajat Madhok
A cholera outbreak in Yemen has put an even greater strain on the country’s already fractured health system. UNICEF is on the ground in the hardest hit areas chlorinating water sources, distributing hygiene kits and teaching families about prevention.
• As of 23 October, 31 cases of cholera have been confirmed, in Amant Al Asimah, Aden, Lahj, Al Bayda, Sana’a and Hajjah governorates. Including 15 children under 15 years.
• According to preliminary information, 32 deaths related to Acute Watery Diarrhoea have been reported in six governorates.
As the offensive on Mosul unfolds, the number of displaced has surpassed 7,000 and protection needs are increasing. Use of human shields by IS reported in Mosul as counter-measure to the current military assault on the city US-led coalition has been associated with an airstrike on a Daquq Mosque which killed at least 13 women and children.
ADEN, 22nd October, 2016 (WAM)--Emirates Red Crescent (ERC) has dispatched urgent medical supplies to a number of hospitals in Aden to prevent the spread of cholera following monitoring a number of cases in several districts that caused the death of some patients there.
The central laboratory at Al Jumhouriya hospital received the oral rehydration solution (ORS) to help examine suspected cases of cholera. The ERC also delivered to competent authority in Aden 20 barrels of chlorine as part of a contribution to fight against the spread of cholera.
23 October 2016 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has confirmed additional cases of cholera and cholera-related deaths in the country.
As of today, a total of 644 suspected cases of cholera, including 3 deaths, have been reported. 31 cases have been laboratory-confirmed so far. Among the deaths, 2 occurred in Sanaa and 1 death occurred in Aden governorate.
Following a month that saw civilians continuing to bear the brunt of the conflict in Yemen, a 72-hour halt to fighting set to take effect later today is welcome, but not nearly enough time, according to a senior United Nations relief official, who appealed for more predictable access to be able deliver aid to hard-to-reach communities caught up in the crisis.
18 October 2016 – The World Health Organization and health partners urgently require support from the international donor community to contain the spread of acute watery diarrhoea/cholera in Yemen. A total of US$ 22.35 million is required by the Health and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene clusters, of which US$ 16.6 million is immediately required.
Yemen - Yemen’s Ministry of Public Health and Population (MoPHP) has officially announced eight cholera cases in Sana'a city. Three more confirmed cases of cholera were reported on 9 October 2016, bringing the total number of confirmed cases to 11.
IOM Yemen’s health team has drawn up plans to control such an outbreak. It targets migrants in the three main cities (Sana’a, Aden and Hodeidah) where they commonly stranded and where IOM has facilities to provide the most vulnerable with humanitarian assistance, including emergency health care.
The World Health Organization ( WHO) and health partners urgently require support from the international donor community to contain the spread of Acute Watery Diarrhea/Cholera in Yemen. A total of US$22.35 million is required, of which US$16.6 million is required for an immediate response.
The World Health Organization and health partners urgently require support from the international donor community to contain the spread of acute watery diarrhoea/cholera in Yemen. A total of US$ 22.35 million is required by the Health and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene clusters, of which US$ 16.6 million is immediately required.
Switzerland - IOM is preparing an urgent appeal to donors in response to a migration/refugee emergency unfolding in Yemen and Djibouti, impacting across the Horn of Africa region, including Ethiopia. The initial amount of the appeal will be in excess of USD 10 million, according to IOM Director for Operations and Emergencies Mohammed Abdiker.