Yemen: Cholera Outbreak - Oct 2016Ongoing
Health authorities in Yemen confirmed a cholera outbreak on 6 October 2016, posing an increased health risk to the population especially children. The Ministry of Public Health and Population (MoPHP) announced that a total of 11 out of 25 suspected diarrhea cases have been confirmed as Cholera cases in the capital, Sana’a. As per the Inter-Agency joint response plan, UNICEF additional fund requirements for the cholera outbreak response stands at US$3.2 million. (UNICEF, 11 Oct 2016)
On 27 October, [WHO] released approximately US$1 million from its internal emergency funds to support the ongoing response to the cholera outbreak in Yemen. (WHO, 27 Oct 2016)
As of 11 January , 15,658 suspected cholera cases have been reported in 156 districts. A total of 180 out of 841 cases tested positive for Vibrio Cholera, serotype Ogawa. Overall, the epidemic curve shows a declining trend from week 51 onwards, while the attack rate remains high in some high-risk districts. Health response is underway through 26 Diarrhea Treatment Centres (DTC) in 24 districts, while WASH partners are undertaking response in 29 districts. An additional $3 million is being allocated through the 2017 HPF reserve allocation to address outstanding gaps. (OCHA, 15 Jan 2017)
The Yemen Pooled Fund has begun 2017 by launching a First Reserve Allocation for the Cholera response worth $2.7 million. (OCHA, 31 Jan 2017)
Since 27 April 2017, a second wave of [AWD]/ cholera outbreak began in several Yemeni governorates, which had seen a decrease...(WHO, 9 May 2017)
The number of [AWD]/ suspected cholera cases has increased dramatically and the outbreak expanded to 18 out of 22 governorates. Sana’a City is the most affected area, with more than 7 000 suspected cholera cases...Out of the total reported cases, as of 18 May, 131 deaths were confirmed and 36 resulted in death. (WHO, 18 May 2017)
As per the Integrated Response Plan released in June 2017, a total of $254 million is required to implement activities outlined for 6 months from May to December 2017...In the 286 high risk districts where suspected cholera cases were reported since the onset of the outbreak, an additional 280,358 cases are projected during the coming six months till end of 2017, out of an estimated 26 million at risk population (at actual attack rate + 110% increase in number of cases). A total of 280,358 cases are, therefore, projected from the risky areas in the coming six months, in addition to the cumulative 254,871 suspected cholera cases since the onset of the outbreak (WHO, 29 Jun 2017)
Over 120 humanitarian partners in Yemen are delivering coordinated assistance out of five hubs in Aden, Hudaydah, Ibb, Sa’ada, and Sana’a. From January to April this year, humanitarian partners reached 4.3 million people. However, at a time when the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan is only 33 per cent funded ($688 million of $2.1 billion), humanitarians have had to use resources programmed for food security or malnutrition to combat the unprecedented cholera outbreak which has surged beyond initial estimates. (OCHA, 12 July 2017)
On 3 July 2017, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) determined that the outbreak has surpassed the capacity of WASH and Health partners and there is a need for a system wide response. Thus, the HCT has called on other clusters to mobilize partners from across all sectors for engagement in the response. (UNHCR, 31 July 2017)
An emergency US$200 million grant announced by the World Bank aims to expand the scope of the ongoing Emergency Health and Nutrition Project (EHNP) to reach a total of 13 million Yemenis with essential health and nutrition services and 4.5 million Yemenis with access to water and sanitation services. (World Bank, 25 Aug 2017)
978,129 suspected cholera cases and 2, 224 associated deaths have been reported across the country between 27 April and 6 December 2017. At this pace, the number of cholera cases will reach one million before the end of the year. With the rainy season coming up (March-June), there are fears that the cholera outbreak might again spiral out of control. (ECHO, 8 Dec 2017)
Since April 2017, more than 1.1 million suspected cholera cases and 2,310 associated deaths have been reported in Yemen. Twenty-one of the 22 governorates (305 out of 333 districts) have been affected. In the last three weeks, 209 districts have reported suspected cholera cases, including Shada District in Sa’ada Governorate which reported its first ever case. The outbreak is the most serious on record. (OCHA, 26 Aug 2018)
The cumulative total number of suspected cholera cases from 27 April 2017 to 23 September 2018 is 1207596 and 2510 associated deaths (CFR 0.21%)...Children under 5 years of age represent 30.5% of the total suspected cases. So far, the cholera outbreak has affected 22 out of 23 governorates and 306 out of 333 districts in Yemen....At the country level, there has been an upward trend for 15 consecutive weeks and from week 35 to week 37 the trend of suspected cases is increasing by 16%. Eight governorates are presenting an increase of suspected cases which include Aden (+65%), Amran (+45%), Al Hudaydah (+27%) and Taizz (+22%). (WHO, 11 Oct 2018.)
As of 7 October 2018, the cumulative total number of suspected cholera cases since 27 April 2017 is is 1, 236,028, with 2556 associated deaths (CFR 0.21%). During epidemiological week 40 (1–7 October) in 2018, the governorates reporting the highest number of suspected cases are Al Hudaydah (2475), Amran (2194), Dhamar (1824), Amanat Al Asimah (1467), and Sana’a (1389). (WHO, 25 Oct 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- Yemen Humanitarian Update Covering 22 - 30 November 2018 | Issue 33
- Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 [EN/AR/FR/ES/ZH]
- ICRC: Conditions in Yemen Expected to Worsen Even if Peace Takes Hold
- Yemen: Al Hudaydah Update Situation Report No. 15, Reporting period: 14 November - 2 December 2018
- Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mr. Mark Lowcock, Remarks to the Security Council on the Humanitarian Situation in Yemen
December 11, 2018 3:45 PM
GENEVA — The International Committee of the Red Cross warns conditions in Yemen are expected to worsen even if a political solution is reached to end more than three years of civil war that have killed or injured more than 65,000 people.
ICRC outgoing head of delegation in Yemen, Johannes Bruwer, has been posted in that country on and off for the past decade. He says he has seen a significant decline in conditions over that period.
• The Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mark Lowcock, reiterates call for a cessation of hostilities in Yemen.
• The Yemen Humanitarian Fund allocates USD4 million to support 105,000 people displaced by conflict in Al Hudaydah with winterization assistance.
• Polio campaign targets 5.5 million children under age 5 across Yemen.
EMERGENCY RELIEF COORDINATOR, MARK LOWCOCK CONCLUDES HIS VISIT TO YEMEN
07 December 2018 - The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has reported 12 289 suspected cases and 10 associated deaths during epidemiological week 45 (5 – 11 November) in 2018. Of these, 13% are severe cases. The cumulative total number of suspected cholera cases from 01 January 2018 to 11 November 2018 is 280 198, with 372 associated deaths (CFR 0.13%). Children under five represent 32% of the total suspected cases while 22 out of 23 governorates and 306 out of 333 districts in Yemen have been affected.
"Any small change in their circumstances... will bring them to the brink of death"
Annie Slemrod, Middle East Editor
Samuel Oakford, Freelance journalist based in New York, and regular IRIN contributor
As talks opened in Sweden today aimed at setting a framework to eventually end Yemen’s 44 months of war, a new report stopped short of declaring famine but said that 20 million Yemenis are hungry and need food aid.
Robert Onus, MSF's outgoing head of mission in Yemen, describes the four-year conflict and its impact on people across the country
How has the war affected people in Yemen?
One can really see how, year on year, the effect of the war has decimated so much of Yemeni society. Public health infrastructure has collapsed. Water and sanitation infrastructure is collapsing. More and more people are struggling to find food. Fewer and fewer people have jobs.
Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) humanitarian affairs officer Alex Dunne writes from Yemen, where years of conflict have decimated public health systems and left millions without access to care. This article was originally published in the Irish Independent.
Current major event
Transition from EWARN to routine surveillance
A three days workshop was conducted in Damascus, Syria from 8-10 August 2018 to disseminate findings of Early Warning Alert and Response Network (EWARN) evaluation in Syria. Participants included Ministry of Health (MOH) staff and technical EWARN officers. During this workshop the question of how and when to transition from EWARN to routine surveillance was examined.
Lorraine Marulanda, Head of the Middle East and North Africa for the British Red Cross, said: "We welcome the international efforts taking place to work towards a lasting political solution for Yemen. We hope that these efforts will ensure a long-term cessation of hostilities and the opening up of humanitarian access.
Protracted conflict and economic decline in 2018 contribute to increased food insecurity in Yemen
IOM evacuates nearly 420 Ethiopian migrants from Yemen in the organization’s largest repatriation from Yemen to date
WFP provides food vouchers to 210,000 people in Al Hudaydah city during temporary pause in hostilities in mid-November
During the reporting period, humanitarian partners continued to pre-position life-saving supplies in Al Hudaydah City where a reduction in hostilities since 12 November provided a much-needed respite to the population.
Global trends and challenges
More than 1 per cent of people across the planet right now are caught up in major humanitarian crises. The international humanitarian system is more effective than ever at meeting their needs – but global trends including poverty, population growth and climate change are leaving more people than ever vulnerable to the devastating impacts of conflicts and disasters.
Sunday, 2 December 2018 13:03 GMT
Some 1.2 million suspected cholera cases have been reported in Yemen since 2017, with 2,515 deaths
SANAA, Dec 2 (Reuters) - Authorities in the Houthi-held Yemeni capital Sanaa are sterilizing water supplies at wells, distribution networks and houses to help stem the world's worst outbreak of cholera.
Read more on Thomson Reuters Foundation
Current major event
Chikungunya update: Sudan
Sudan has had a major outbreak of Chikungunya since July 2018. A total of 20,110 cases have been reported since the outbreak began. No new cases of the disease were reported during the week ending 11th November 2018.
8.7 million people have been reached with health assistance out of 12.3 million people targeted. Over 22 million people live in 192 districts prioritized for cholera response. The provision of health assistance continues to be challenged by the fact that only 50 per cent of health facilities are fully functional and the non-payments of salaries to health staff.
- The exchange rate of the Yemeni Rial rose significantly during the reporting period, up to about 520 YER per dollar, indicating that steps to stabilize the exchange rate are beginning to take effect.
- Humanitarian partners continue to preposition and deliver life-saving assistance to people in need and support vital installations in Al Hudaydah City.
- As of 19 November, partners identified more than 132,000 displaced households from Al Hudaydah Governorate; of whom more than 123,000 households have received rapid response assistance.
“The recent de-escalation in fighting in Hudaydah is providing a desperately needed respite to hundreds of thousands of civilians who remain in the city. We urge all parties to maintain it.
“At the same time, we remain deeply concerned for the safety and protection of civilians and civilian infrastructure. Hostilities over the last several weeks in Hudaydah have taken a steep toll, including on health facilities directly damaged in crossfire or occupied by armed groups.
UNICEF together with all United Nations agencies in Yemen is calling for urgent action on five key issues to avert a human catastrophe, in particular on: cessation of hostilities in Al Hudaydah and the rest of the country, addressing the massive malnutrition rates and underlying causes of food insecurity, intervening on essential infrastructure damages, tackling the ongoing depreciation of the Yemeni Rial (YER) and restoring payments of civil servants.
An overview of the World Bank projects and results in Yemen- November 2018
The World Bank has supported development in Yemen for over 45 years. The long history and close working relationship has helped the World Bank to continue supporting the Yemeni people and key institutions during the current crisis. This update offers an overview of our projects in Yemen until November 2018.