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18 Oct 2017 description
report Bond

Introduction

This briefing has been been put together by a significant number of international non-governmental organisations (NGOs) under the leadership of Bond’s Humanitarian and Conflict Policy groups. These NGOs are either actively operational in these contexts or working to raise awareness in the UK of the challenges faced by people experiencing humanitarian disasters, conflict and upheaval.

17 Oct 2017 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Cholera transmission declines countrywide, persists in Budi and Juba counties

  • WFP reaches 4.5 million people with food assistance to date in 2017

  • Relief actors record 830 humanitarian access incidents from January–September

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

17 Oct 2017 description

The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue of the ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) covers the period 8-14 October 2017 and includes updates on Legionnaires' disease, influenza, rubella, measles, West Nile fever, chikungunya, cholera and plague.

16 Oct 2017 description

This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 44 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:

  • Wildlife anthrax in Namibia

  • Cholera in Zambia

  • Plague in Madagascar

  • Dengue fever in Burkina Faso

  • Humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

  • Humanitarian crisis in South Sudan.

15 Oct 2017 description

Surveillance Completeness for IDSR reporting at county level was 75% . Completeness for EWARS reporting from IDP sites was 77%.

Alert A total of 22 alerts were reported, of which 14% have been verified. 0 alerts were risk assessed and 0 required a response.

Response A total of 10 new cases including no death (CFR 0%) were reported in week 42.
The cumulative since the start of the current outbreak on 18 June 2016 is 21,043 cases including 387 deaths (CFR 1.84%).

13 Oct 2017 description

Juba – IOM is currently distributing essential relief supplies to approximately 3,800 families in South Sudan’s Lainya County. The distribution will continue through mid-October 2017.

Thousands had fled from Lainya and neighbouring areas in 2016 as fighting spread south from the country’s Juba toward the Equatoria region, with includes Lainya. While many people crossed the border to refugee camps in neighbouring Uganda, thousands fled to remote areas within South Sudan.

13 Oct 2017 description

Juba, 13 October 2017: Communicable diseases pose a major public health challenge in South Sudan and cause significant levels of illness, disability, and death for a country also caught in the current conflict.

South Sudan’s weak public health systems aggravate the situation to effectively respond to largely preventable disease outbreaks. Frequent disease outbreaks are driven by multiple factors, including conflict leading to displacement of people and overcrowding and poor environmental conditions.

13 Oct 2017 description

Epidemic trends

  • Cholera transmission has continued to decline countrywide with only three counties [Juba, Budi, and Fangak] reporting cholera cases in the last four weeks [38-41, 2017]. § In week 41, four out of 13 samples from Juba tested positive for Vibrio cholerae (table 2).

  • During the last four weeks, Juba and Budi have reported the highest number of cholera cases. During the same period, five deaths were reported from Budi (Table1 & Fig.1).

12 Oct 2017 description
report UN Security Council

SC/13027

SECURITY COUNCIL
8069TH MEETING (PM)

Sounding the alarm on famine exacerbated by conflict, Secretary-General António Guterres urged the international community to step up efforts to end violence, ensure humanitarian assistance and foster long-term development in South Sudan, Nigeria, Somalia, Yemen and other areas of instability-rooted starvation.

12 Oct 2017 description
infographic UN Children's Fund

Kenya: Challenges

  • More sub-optimal coordination in responding to outbreaks
  • Limited resources such as water treatment chemicals
  • Limited laboratory capacity in some Counties for Cholera confirmation
  • Limited capacity in response as majority of the Rapid Response Teams especially at county level are not trained
  • Limited resources for health promotion and community engagement
  • Insecurity in various parts of the country including; Garissa

Somalia: Challenges

12 Oct 2017 description

In September, fighting and insecurity continued to force civilians out of their homes, particularly in Unity and Upper Nile. Many of those had been displaced several times in recent months. In Unity, fighting and insecurity in Koch, Mayendit, and Rubkona counties forced the relocation of aid workers, suspension of food distribution and medical evacuation of civilians. In Upper Nile, fighting in and around Aburoc, on the western bank of the River Nile, on 11 September, reportedly led to civilian deaths, displacement and forced the temporary relocation of aid workers.

11 Oct 2017 description
infographic UN Children's Fund

Situation and Needs of Children in South Sudan

UNICEF works in South Sudan with over 137 partners (including both CSO and Govt) to provide nutrition, health, WASH, education and child protection services, with priority to live saving interventions for the population most affected by the humanitarian crisis.

09 Oct 2017 description

This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 46 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:

  • Plague in Madagascar
  • Cholera in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Cholera in Uganda
  • Cholera in north--east Nigeria
  • Hepatitis E in Niger
  • Humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia

09 Oct 2017 description

6 of the 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa have over 20% of their population using an unimproved water source and they include; Ethiopia, Somalia, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique and Madagascar. Of these countries, Somalia has recorded the highest number of cholera cases and deaths. Countries which have 11 to 20% of their population using unimproved water sources include; South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Eritrea, Angola, Zimbabwe and Lesotho. 5 of these countries (South Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi, Angola and Zimbabwe) have reported outbreaks in 2017.

09 Oct 2017 description

3 of the 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa have over 50% of their population using unimproved sanitation facilities and they include; Tanzania, Ethiopia and Uganda. Cumulatively, Tanzania has reported 2697 cases since the beginning of 2017. Countries which have 25 to 50% of their population using unimproved sanitation facilities include: Somalia, Kenya, Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Madagascar. Cumulatively, these countries have reported 83, 346 cases in 2017, and majority of these cases emerging from Somalia.