Angola/DR Congo: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Jan 2016
On 21 January 2016, the National IHR Focal Point of Angola notified WHO of an outbreak of yellow fever. The first cases were identified in the district of Viana (Luanda province) on 5 December 2015.
As of 8 February, a total of 164 suspected cases and 37 deaths had been reported in Angola. The majority of cases (n=138) had been reported in the province of Luanda. Other affected provinces include Cabinda, Cuanza Sul, Huambo, Huila and Uige. Suspected cases are undergoing laboratory testing in order to rule out other aetiologies and cross reactions with yellow fever. (WHO, 12 Feb 2016)
On 22 March 2016, the National IHR Focal Point of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) notified WHO of cases of yellow fever (YF) in connection with the outbreak currently occurring in Angola.
From early January to 22 March 2016, a total of 151 suspected cases of YF, including 21 deaths (CFR: 14%), were reported by the national surveillance system. Of the 151 suspected cases, 9 were confirmed by serology (IgM) at the Institute National Biomedical Research (INRB) in Kinshasa. Given possible cross-reactions with other arboviruses, IgM positive samples were sent to the Pasteur Institute of Dakar for confirmation where 4 tested positive for the infection. Of the 4 cases confirmed in Dakar, 3 were imported from Angola and were detected in the areas of Nsona-Pangu, Kimpese and Kitona in Kongo Central province (formerly, Bas-Congo), DRC. This province shares borders with Angola. (WHO, 12 Apr 2016)
As of 15 July 2016 a total of 3682 suspected cases have been reported, of which 877 are confirmed. The total number of reported deaths is 361, of which 117 were reported among confirmed cases. Suspected cases have been reported in all 18 provinces and confirmed cases have been reported in 16 of 18 provinces and 79 of 125 reporting districts.(WHO, 21 July 2016)
Four months have passed without a single case of yellow fever related to the outbreak in Angola and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, thanks to the joint response activities of national health authorities, local health workers, WHO and partners.
The outbreak, which was first detected in Angola in December 2015, had caused 962 confirmed cases of yellow fever across the two countries (884 in Angola 78 in DRC) by 16 November 2016, with more than 7300 suspected cases. The last confirmed case reported in Angola was on 23 June and DRC’s last case was on 12 July. (WHO, 25 Nov 2016)
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) declared the end of the yellow fever outbreak in that country today following a similar announcement in Angola on 23 December 2016 (WHO, 14 Feb 2017)
Appeals & Funding
When stockpiles of yellow fever vaccine run low, partial doses are effective, according to a new study.
The report on the vaccine, which currently is in short supply, comes as officials in Brazil attempt to contain an outbreak with what they describe as the largest-ever mass vaccination campaign using partial doses.
Yellow fever is a mosquito-borne viral disease found in tropical Africa and South and Central America. Severe cases can cause jaundice and death, but most cases involve fever, muscle pain and vomiting.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
This is the first annual report produced by the newly established Communicable Diseases Cluster (CDS) of the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Africa.
The overwhelming majority of deaths in the WHO African Region are caused by HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis (TB). Along with neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), these infections are diminishing Africans’ quality of life as individuals and thwarting entire countries’ ability to develop vibrant and productive communities, stronger economies and safer societies.
This briefing has been been put together by a significant number of international non-governmental organisations (NGOs) under the leadership of Bond’s Humanitarian and Conflict Policy groups. These NGOs are either actively operational in these contexts or working to raise awareness in the UK of the challenges faced by people experiencing humanitarian disasters, conflict and upheaval.
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The deployment of a GIS specialist for the 2016 yellow fever vaccination campaign in Kinshasa had a direct, positive impact on the work of Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) programme staff.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
CERF enables fast, flexible and needs-based support for people affected by humanitarian emergencies. The UN General Assembly established the fund in 2005 to provide timely assistance in crises. Since its operational launch in 2006, CERF has developed a reputation for its ability to kick-start humanitarian action, scale up the response to emergencies and serve as a lifeline for people struggling to survive in the world’s most underfunded crises.
WHO is the lead agency for health within the United Nations system. We coordinate the international health response to emergencies and humanitarian crises whenever a country needs assistance.
But we cannot do this work without our partners - other UN agencies, nongovernmental organizations and donors – who help us deliver health services in even the most difficult situations.
437 Deployments from the oral cholera vaccine stockpile, 2013–2017
442 Yellow fever in Africa and the Americas, 2016
437 Déploiements à partir du stock de vaccins anticholériques oraux (VCO), 2013-2017
442 Fièvre jaune en Afrique et dans les Amériques, 2016
The Regional Director is pleased to present this report on the work of WHO in the African Region for the period January 2016 to June 2017. The report outlines the significant achievements made under the six categories in the 12th General Programme of Work in supporting health development in Member States in the African Region. It reflects contributions from WHO country offices and the Regional Office, including the Intercountry Support Teams.
Matala - Over 8000 people were vaccinated against yellow fever during a campaign held in the last fifteen days in Mulondo commune, Matala Municipality of the southern Huila Province. According to the chief nurse of the Mulondo health centre, João Pintal Gonçalves, the vaccination campaign covered adults and children, representing 82 per cent of the predicted target.
Yellow fever is a dangerous infectious disease caused by a virus transmitted by mosquitoes.
70 YEARS AND COUNTING
Seven decades ago, the world was recovering from a devastating world war. For millions of child survivors of that war, peace still encompassed a landscape of significant challenges and damaged futures. UNICEF was created to help those children – no matter who they were, no matter where they were from. The only thing that mattered for the nascent organization was achieving results for children in need.
The Regional Director is pleased to present this report on the work of WHO in the African Region for the period October 2015 to June 2016. The report outlines the significant achievements made under the six categories in the 12th General Programme of Work in supporting Member States in the African Region in health development. It reflects contributions from WHO country offices and the Regional Office, including the three Intercountry Support Teams.
The information was released Thursday by the head of the Department of Public Health of the Provincial Health Department, Messias Simão, noting that for the success of the round 149,000 doses of vaccine are available.
According to the official, the objective of the campaign is to eradicate the disease that has already caused the death of many people and will phase out the other municipalities according to the national vaccination schedule.
This Operational update seeks to support exceptional reopening of IFRC DRC Epidemics Emergency Appeal for the next six months (20 July 2017). This will enable the DRC RC meet humanitarian needs resulting from an outbreak of cholera (ongoing), dating back from December 2016. Primarily through social mobilization activities linked to vaccination campaigns, in addition to emergency health, water, sanitation and hygiene promotion and to support National Society capacity building.
A. Situation analysis
A. Appeal History
This Emergency Appeal (EA) was launched on 23 February 2016 for CHF 1,443,961 to enable the IFRC to support Cruz Vermelha de Angola (CVA) to reach 9 million people with Social Mobilization, health, and hygiene promotion (4 million to be assisted directly and a further 5 million through Social Mobilization) to address the devastating effects of the Yellow Fever outbreak.
• Conflict-related displacement continues in central and eastern DRC
• USAID staff assess humanitarian situation in Tanganyika Province
• UN releases HRP calling for $748 million in 2017
An estimated 1.42 million people are affected by the drought crisis, including 756,000 children. Of this estimation, 800,000 people are located in the provinces of Cunene, Namibe and Huila.
As of February 2017, the total number of cumulative suspected cases in the ongoing cholera outbreaks stands at 306. Soyo – 184; Cabinda – 100 and Luanda – 22. A total of 11 deaths have been reported: Soyo – 8; Cabinda – 3 and Luanda – 0. Four of the five confirmed cases in Luanda had links to the outbreak in Soyo.
Democratic Republic of the Congo - The Government of Japan has provided additional funding to IOM’s Migrant Health Assistance for Crisis-Affected Populations project, which seeks to strengthen and improve the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) government’s capacity to prevent, detect and respond to diseases outbreaks and other public health occurrences along the country’s border with Angola.