Cameroon: Measles and Cholera Outbreaks - Nov 2015

Status
Past disaster
Glide
EP-2015-000156-CMR

Disaster description

A measles epidemic that has been increasing and spreading across Cameroon, with 858 cases recorded mid-November, is now posing significant risk to remote and hard-to-reach communities. Over the past six weeks, the epidemic has gained momentum in the northern areas of the country which are currently under Boko Haram ‘control’. Of all the recorded cases, the Mokolo health district (Mayo-Tsanaga department) in the Far North region accounts for 587 cases, with a population of 211,906 inhabitants, presents an extremely concerning attack rate. The Mokolo health district is located close to the Chadian and Nigerian border, raising the risk of measles epidemic spreading. It can quickly engulf all the three countries making the situation difficult to address, given the implementation challenges experienced in the areas which are extremely insecure. (IFRC, 17 Nov 2015)

A cholera outbreak has erupted in North region. Over the past month, 36 cases have been reported, and 30 of them treated. No fatalities have been recorded so far. Preventive medical measures, treatment as well as population sensitization are ongoing. (OCHA 17 Nov 2015) A vaccination campaign was launched in the Far North region at the end of November. (WHO, 29 Nov 2015)

On 25 November, a vaccination campaign against measles and rubella was launched in the Far North region (WHO, 29 Nov 2015)

In 2015, nearly 227,000 children, including 83,436 children from the Central African Republic, were vaccinated against measles. (UNICEF, 26 Jan 2016) 123 choleras cases (6 deaths) and 9,874 measles cases (39 deaths) have been reported in 2015. (UNICEF, 31 Dec 2015)

No cholera cases were registered during the last 4 weeks of 2015 and the first two weeks of 2016. (UNICEF, 11 Jan 2016)

47 new cases of measles were registered in 2016 as of 7 February. (Gov't of Cameroon, 7 Feb 2016)

In total, there were 85 cases registered since the 29th epidemiological week 2015, with 0 death. (Gov't of Cameroon, 7 Mar 2016)

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