Kenya: Cholera Outbreak - Feb 2015Ongoing
Kenya reported a cholera outbreak that affected 30 of its 47 counties. The outbreak begun on 26 December 2014, in Nairobi County and was later reported in other counties with the latest being in Mandera and Tana River counties. Mandera County had also been experiencing a febrile illness presenting with joint pains that begun in May 2016...Mandera County...was the latest county to report cholera outbreak...The outbreak was first reported in March 2016, with 894 cases reported by 12 April 2016. By the end of the response, 1629 cases had been reported with 18 deaths recorded - Case Fatality Rate (CFR) of 1.1%. KRCS reached a total of 391,941 people through awareness sessions conducted in house to house visits including revisits, demonstration of hand washing and hand washing facilities. (IFRC, 31 Jan 2017)
Cholera outbreak continues in two counties – Garissa County (specifically Dadaab Refugee Complex) and Tana River County. In Dadaab, 55 cases of cholera (15 culture positive) were recorded in Dagahaley, Hagadera, Ifo 1 and Ifo 2 camps as of 29 April, while 5 new cases were recorded in Garsen and Minjila towns in Tana River County between 20 and 28 April. Majority of cases in Dadaab are linked to newly arriving refugees (from Sakow village in Somalia) and households hosting them. (UNICEF, 05 May 2017)
As of 19 June, there is an active cholera outbreak in five counties (Garissa, Nairobi, Muranga, Turkana and Nakuru) with 581 confirmed cases and seven deaths (CFR 1.2 per cent). (UNICEF, 19 Jun 2017)
From 1 January through 29 November 2017, a total of 3967 laboratory-confirmed and probable cases including 76 deaths (case fatality rate = 1.9%) were reported by the Ministry of Health to WHO. Of the cases reported, 596 were laboratory confirmed. From 1 January 2017 through 29 November, 20 of 47 counties (43%) in Kenya have reported cases. As of 29 November, seven counties continue to have active cholera outbreaks (Embu, Garissa, Kirinyaga, Mombasa, Nairobi, Turkana, and Wajir). (WHO, 11 Dec 2017)
Kenya: 181 new cases including 1 death (CFR, 0.6%) were reported in week 9 compared to 88 cases including 5 deaths (CFR, 5.7%) reported in week 8. New cases emerged from 6 Counties, namely Siaya (36), Garissa (2), Murang’a (47), Turkana (53), West Pokot (25) and Trans Nzoia (18 cases and 1 death). Cumulatively a total of 6,003 cases including 130 deaths have been reported, as from October 2016. Of these, a total of 1,704 cases and 41 deaths have been reported since the beginning of 2018. (UNICEF, 20 Mar 2018)
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More than 102,010 cholera / AWD cases and 1548 deaths (Case Fatality Rate: 1.5%) have been reported in 11 of 21 countries of Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR) since the beginning of 2017. These countries include; Angola, Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Somalia accounts for 76.1% of the total cases reported in 2017, followed by South Sudan at 15.8%.
Malnutrition and Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD)/Cholera
Long rains assessment has found that 3.4 million people are acutely food insecure, up from 2.6 million in February.
WFP reached 93,500 women and children through the treatment and prevention programmes.
WFP supported the State Department for Special Programmes to register and disburse cash to 526,000 drought-affected people.
The Ministry of Education has finalised the national school meals sustainability road map for an accelerated handover from WFP.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 48 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
• Plague in Madagascar
• Undiagnosed acute jaundice syndrome in Ethiopia
• Humanitarian crisis in Nigeria
• Humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia
• Humanitarian crisis in South Sudan
• Hepatitis E in Chad
• Malaria in Burundi
22.9 Million people affected by drought in the region
15 Million people are facing Crisis and Emergency Food Insecurity
15 million people won’t have access to safe drinking water in 2017
84,575 cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD)/Cholera have been reported in 2017 – with 1,546 associated deaths
1.8 million people in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia have been displaced by drought conditions
$1.6 Billion Oxfam Horn of Africa Drought Response funding gap
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 45 events in the region. This week’s edition also covers key ongoing events, including:
• Cholera in Borno State, Nigeria
• Necrotising cellulitis/fasciitis in São Tomé and Príncipe
• Humanitarian crisis in the Central Africa Republic
• Cholera in the United Republic of Tanzania
• Cholera in Chad
• Dengue fever in Côte d’Ivoire.
• Since the beginning of the year, a total of 47,986 children (57% of annual target) and 91,319 children (53% of annual target) have been registered for the treatment of severe and moderate acute malnutrition respectively.
• The nurses’ strike continues to gravely impact the provision of health and nutrition services country-wide, with 50% to 80% of health facilities being non-operational in 6 drought-affected Counties.
People in the Arid and Semi-Arid (ASAL) Counties of Kenya are experiencing a food security and nutrition crisis as a result of a protracted drought that has undermined coping capacities and exacerbated vulnerabilities.
According to the Health ministry, the officers are said to have been infected after taking meals at the Nairobi Area Police Canteen.
Consequently, the City county has temporarily closed the canteen.
Health minister said the ministry was concerned that instead of eliminating cholera, new cases were emerging.
By LILLIAN MUTAVI
At least 95 police officers have been hospitalised in Kenya with suspected cases of cholera.
More than 100,780 cholera / AWD cases and 1496 deaths (CFR: 1.5%) have been reported in 12 of 21 countries of Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR) since the beginning of 2017. These countries include: Somalia, Kenya, South Sudan, Tanzania, Burundi, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Angola, Uganda, Zambia and Rwanda. Somalia accounts for 76.6% of the total cases reported in the outbreak in 2017, followed by South Sudan at 15.7%.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 49 events in the region.
This week, three new events have been reported:
- Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) in Mauritania and cholera in Burundi and Chad. This week’s edition also covers key ongoing events, including:
• Cholera in Kenya
• Hepatitis E in Niger
• Floods/mudslide in Sierra Leone
477 Cholera vaccines: WHO position paper – August 2017
498 Monthly report on dracunculiasis cases, January-June 2017
477 Vaccins anticholériques: Note de synthèse de l’OMS – août 2017
498 Rapport mensuel des cas de dracunculose, janvier-juin 2017
Results of the recently concluded Long rains food and nutrition security assessment (LRA) indicates that approximately 3.4 million people are acutely food insecure due to the ongoing drought; an increase from 2.6 million in February 2017. The drought condition is likely to deteriorate further as the country enters into the lean season.
A total of 46,238 (56% of the annual target) severely malnourished children have now been reached, however admissions are falling significantly due to the ongoing nurses’ strike
More than 100,105 cholera / AWD cases and 1491 deaths (CFR: 1.5%) have been reported in 11 of 21 countries of Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR) since the beginning of 2017. These countries include; Somalia, Kenya, South Sudan, Tanzania, Burundi, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Angola, Uganda and Zambia. Somalia accounts for 76.8% of the total cases reported in the outbreak in 2017, followed by South Sudan at 15.7%.
There were four admissions today at the CTC as at 5pm, one turned negative for cholera RDT and three turned positive for cholera RDT.
Patient line listed yesterday Nuela Nyanzira comes from K3 protection not K3 Z1 B1.
We had one discharge to the community linked to community health workers.
Details of the discharged patient;
- Zamniba Eugene K3 protection
Cumulatively we have line listed 106 patients as of 12TH August 2017.
The number of severely food insecure people in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia has increased to 14.3 million, following the publication of new data on the situation in Kenya.
The preliminary results of the Long Rains Assessment (LRA) released by the Government of Kenya on 28 July reported that 3.4 million people are food insecure and in need of assistance. This is the highest number of people reported to be in crisis since the same time in 2011, when the number in need was estimated to be 3.7 million.