Kenya: Cholera Outbreak - Feb 2015Ongoing
Kenya reported a cholera outbreak that affected 30 of its 47 counties. The outbreak begun on 26 December 2014, in Nairobi County and was later reported in other counties with the latest being in Mandera and Tana River counties. Mandera County had also been experiencing a febrile illness presenting with joint pains that begun in May 2016...Mandera County...was the latest county to report cholera outbreak...The outbreak was first reported in March 2016, with 894 cases reported by 12 April 2016. By the end of the response, 1629 cases had been reported with 18 deaths recorded - Case Fatality Rate (CFR) of 1.1%. KRCS reached a total of 391,941 people through awareness sessions conducted in house to house visits including revisits, demonstration of hand washing and hand washing facilities. (IFRC, 31 Jan 2017)
Cholera outbreak continues in two counties – Garissa County (specifically Dadaab Refugee Complex) and Tana River County. In Dadaab, 55 cases of cholera (15 culture positive) were recorded in Dagahaley, Hagadera, Ifo 1 and Ifo 2 camps as of 29 April, while 5 new cases were recorded in Garsen and Minjila towns in Tana River County between 20 and 28 April. Majority of cases in Dadaab are linked to newly arriving refugees (from Sakow village in Somalia) and households hosting them. (UNICEF, 05 May 2017)
As of 19 June, there is an active cholera outbreak in five counties (Garissa, Nairobi, Muranga, Turkana and Nakuru) with 581 confirmed cases and seven deaths (CFR 1.2 per cent). (UNICEF, 19 Jun 2017)
From 1 January through 29 November 2017, a total of 3967 laboratory-confirmed and probable cases including 76 deaths (case fatality rate = 1.9%) were reported by the Ministry of Health to WHO. Of the cases reported, 596 were laboratory confirmed. From 1 January 2017 through 29 November, 20 of 47 counties (43%) in Kenya have reported cases. As of 29 November, seven counties continue to have active cholera outbreaks (Embu, Garissa, Kirinyaga, Mombasa, Nairobi, Turkana, and Wajir). (WHO, 11 Dec 2017)
Kenya: 181 new cases including 1 death (CFR, 0.6%) were reported in week 9 compared to 88 cases including 5 deaths (CFR, 5.7%) reported in week 8. New cases emerged from 6 Counties, namely Siaya (36), Garissa (2), Murang’a (47), Turkana (53), West Pokot (25) and Trans Nzoia (18 cases and 1 death). Cumulatively a total of 6,003 cases including 130 deaths have been reported, as from October 2016. Of these, a total of 1,704 cases and 41 deaths have been reported since the beginning of 2018. (UNICEF, 20 Mar 2018)
Maps & Infographics
Most read (last 30 days)
- Kenya Floods (MDRKE043) - Operations update no. 1
- WHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 21: 19 - 25 May 2018 (Data as reported by 17:00; 25 May 2018)
- WHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 22: 26 May - 01 June 2018 (Data as reported by 17:00; 25 May 2018)
- UNICEF Kenya Humanitarian Situation Report, 1 April to 31 May 2018
- Kenya Floods Response Update – 8 June 2018, Flash Update
The national death toll of the disease has risen to 53 while 2,732 cases have been confirmed countrywide.
The two died Monday evening after they were admitted to hospitals, suffering from acute diarrhoea.
Dr Rosemary Obara, who works for the Ministry of Health, reported that they had registered 24 cases with signs of cholera.
By ANGELA OKETCH
Two people have died and 24 others admitted to hospitals in Ahero, Kisumu County, following a cholera outbreak.
22,994 Identified unaccompanied minors
12 Households provided with cash grants in year 2014
188,120 NFIs distributed since January
216 Shelters distributed since January
Since 26th December 2014, Cholera outbreak has affected 7 counties: Nairobi, Migori, Homa Bay, Bomet, Mombasa, Nakuru and Muranga Counties.
Migori, Homabay and Bomet Cholera outbreaks are now considered successfully controlled
The outbreak first started in Nairobi County on 26th December 2014. Later the outbreak was reported in Migori County on 30th January 2015, Homa Bay County on 2nd February 2015, Bomet County on 12th March 2015, Mombasa County on 6th April 2015, Nakuru 8th April and Muranga county on 18th April 2015.
- This comes even as Nakuru Governor Kinuthia Mbugua leads the county assembly in carrying out the massive Clean Up Nakuru Campaign that has seen food kiosks around town destroyed in a quest to restore Nakuru to its former glory as Africa’s cleanest town.
- As cholera spreads, there are raging internal feuds between county appointed health managers and public health officials inherited from the national government which has created two centres of power.
By JAMES KARIUKI
By BENARD OGEMBO
The county’s public health chief officer, Mr James Mbai, said preliminary results from the Kenya Medical Research Institute had shown that the two men died of cholera.
The patient died as he was undergoing treatment at Kimbimbi Hospital in Mwea Sub-County. He had been taken to the institution after he complained of stomach pains and diarrhoea.
At the same time, the number of people who have died of cholera in Nakuru since Monday has reached eight.
At least 30 people have been admitted to a hospital in Nairobi after they contracted cholera.
Most of them are from Laini Saba in the Kibera slum, according to the Public Health Department. The patients are in old maternity wards at the Mbagathi Sub-County Hospital.
Medical staff said they were using intravenous drips and a cocktail of antibiotics to treat the patients.
Lang’ata District Surveillance Officer Samuel Muturi said he had been asked to coordinate efforts to contain the water borne disease and prevent it from spreading to other parts of Nairobi.
“A child was the first to die on Wednesday last week after showing cholera-like symptoms. Three other people also died while undergoing treatment at Nakuru General Hospital,” county Health executive Kabii Mungai said.
At a press conference, Dr Mungai said three people are in isolation wards and samples collected from them were sent to Nairobi for analysis on Monday.
By BERNARD OGEMBO
By GETRUDE NYAMBURA
Snapshot 9–14 April 2015
Afghanistan: Security incidents have spiked in early April, after the announcement that more NATO troops would remain in the country than originally scheduled. NATO convoys were targeted in Nangarhar and Kabul on 10 April. On the same day, five NGO staff were found dead, having been abducted in Uruzgan province in early March.
Nearly 1,500 people have been displaced by floods in Muhoroni sub-county.
The announcement comes barely a week after reports indicated cases of children ill with waterborne diseases in Kasese in Muhoroni.
By SHARON ODHIAMBO AND RUTH NDERITU
The Kisumu county government has procured drugs to fight cholera and other waterborne diseases in flood-hit areas.
Nearly 1,500 people have been affected by floods last Monday in Kisumu County.
Snapshot 25–31 March 2015
Ukraine: Fears are growing of a new offensive in Mariupol, as non-government troops appear to be gathering nearby. A recent assessment has found that more than 1.6 million people need humanitarian assistance, nearly 1.1 million of whom are in non-government-controlled areas. 20–30% of IDPs are at risk of losing their status and benefits, due to a new mechanism to verify the addresses of IDPs.
- Red Cross official John Roche said the six Kisii County cases were reported around Nyabigege, Tabaka and Riosiri Markets.
- For the past two weeks, the disease has devastated parts of Homa Bay and Migori counties.
- Public Health Officer Mellitus Kabar said his office would ensure all hotels and kiosks comply with health standards set by the county and national governments.
By ANGELA OKETCH
By JOHN SHILITSA
Description of the disaster
Following the cholera alert that was reported by the Director of Medical Services on 3rd February 2015, a Cholera outbreak was declared on Tuesday 10th February 2015 in Migori and Homa Bay Counties. 8 cases had been reported on 9th February from Nairobi County, out of which one was confirmed dead as a result of Cholera. The cases were handled in the nearest county and sub-county health facilities.
Migori County Health executive Joel Dondi lamented that most eateries are unhygienic which has contributed to the spread of the disease.
Ms Caroline Atieno whose nine-months-old daughter Flavian Auma is admitted to Ndhiwa Sub-County Hospital says her home does not have a toilet.
The organisation has also called on the two counties to commit themselves to keep the environment clean and provide clean drinking water.
Every confirmed cholera case in any village is a sign of poor sanitation and hygiene, often arising from lack of clean water.
People drink the raw waters of Lake Victoria. There is a clear link between the high child mortality and the ever present health hazards.
Local health centres are ill-prepared to handle cases, and Rongo Sub-County Hospital, for example, is over-crowded.
- Residents in affected areas asked to avoid water from contaminated river.
- Death toll reaches 14.
By ANGELA OKETCH
By MAURICE KALUOCH
Cholera has killed four more people in Homa Bay and Migori bringing the death toll to 14.
The Red Cross told the Nation on Wednesday that of the new deaths, one occurred at a home while three were in hospitals.
Each of the two counties has now lost seven residents to the disease.
The Ministry of Health also reported that 166 people have been treated so far.
Director of Medical Services Nicholas Muraguri said in a statement that the ministry attributed the outbreak to the current dry spell, which has caused a shortage of safe drinking water.
“We advise the public to be on high alert and to report any suspected cases of cholera or acute diarrhoea to the nearest health centre.
By JACQUELINE KUBANIA
By ELISHA OTIENO
By ELISHA OTIENO
Hawking of food has been banned in Migori County over a cholera outbreak.
The county government announced the ban would remain in force until the disease is contained.
The ban has affected more than 10,000 traders in eight constituencies.
The County Executive officer in charge of Health, Mr Elijah Odhiambo, ordered daily inspection of all hotels and restaurants by public health staff to ensure they conformed to set hygiene standards.
Six people have died and at least 80 others are in critical condition after an outbreak of cholera in Migori County.
County Department of Health chief officer Donald Jaleny said three victims died at the Rongo sub-district hospital while three others died at home while waiting to be taken to hospital.
The 80 have been admitted at various health facilities in Rongo and Awendo sub-counties.