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17 Oct 2017 description

The food security and nutrition situation in Kenya has deteriorated significantly since March 2017, due to late onset and below-average March-May long rains, high staple food prices and the Fall Army Worm infestation.

16 Oct 2017 description

This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 44 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:

  • Wildlife anthrax in Namibia

  • Cholera in Zambia

  • Plague in Madagascar

  • Dengue fever in Burkina Faso

  • Humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

  • Humanitarian crisis in South Sudan.

13 Oct 2017 description
report Oxfam

Key Statistics

  • 22.9 Million people affected by drought in the region

  • 15 million People facing crisis and emergencey food insecurity - 84,575 Cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) / Cholera have been reported in 2017 – with 1,546 associated deaths

  • 1.8 Million People in Kenya,
    Somalia and Ethiopia have been displaced by drought conditions

  • $1,612,000 Horn of Africa Drought Response funding gap

CONTEXT UPDATE

12 Oct 2017 description
infographic UN Children's Fund

Kenya: Challenges

  • More sub-optimal coordination in responding to outbreaks
  • Limited resources such as water treatment chemicals
  • Limited laboratory capacity in some Counties for Cholera confirmation
  • Limited capacity in response as majority of the Rapid Response Teams especially at county level are not trained
  • Limited resources for health promotion and community engagement
  • Insecurity in various parts of the country including; Garissa

Somalia: Challenges

09 Oct 2017 description

This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 46 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:

  • Plague in Madagascar
  • Cholera in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Cholera in Uganda
  • Cholera in north--east Nigeria
  • Hepatitis E in Niger
  • Humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia

09 Oct 2017 description

6 of the 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa have over 20% of their population using an unimproved water source and they include; Ethiopia, Somalia, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique and Madagascar. Of these countries, Somalia has recorded the highest number of cholera cases and deaths. Countries which have 11 to 20% of their population using unimproved water sources include; South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Eritrea, Angola, Zimbabwe and Lesotho. 5 of these countries (South Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi, Angola and Zimbabwe) have reported outbreaks in 2017.

09 Oct 2017 description

3 of the 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa have over 50% of their population using unimproved sanitation facilities and they include; Tanzania, Ethiopia and Uganda. Cumulatively, Tanzania has reported 2697 cases since the beginning of 2017. Countries which have 25 to 50% of their population using unimproved sanitation facilities include: Somalia, Kenya, Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Madagascar. Cumulatively, these countries have reported 83, 346 cases in 2017, and majority of these cases emerging from Somalia.

09 Oct 2017 description
infographic UN Children's Fund

6 of the 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa have over 20% of their population using an unimproved water source and they include; Ethiopia, Somalia, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique and Madagascar. Of these countries, Somalia has recorded the highest number of cholera cases and deaths. Countries which have 11 to 20% of their population using unimproved water sources include; South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Eritrea, Angola, Zimbabwe and Lesotho. 5 of these countries (South Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi, Angola and Zimbabwe) have reported outbreaks in 2017.

09 Oct 2017 description
infographic UN Children's Fund

3 of the 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa have over 50% of their population using unimproved sanitation facilities and they include; Tanzania, Ethiopia and Uganda. Cumulatively, Tanzania has reported 2697 cases since the beginning of 2017. Countries which have 25 to 50% of their population using unimproved sanitation facilities include: Somalia, Kenya, Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Madagascar. Cumulatively, these countries have reported 83, 346 cases in 2017, and majority of these cases emerging from Somalia.

09 Oct 2017 description
report UN Children's Fund

Highlights

More than 102,814 cholera / AWD cases and 1551 deaths (Case Fatality Rate: 1.5%) have been reported in 11 of 21 countries of Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR) since the beginning of 2017. These countries include; Angola, Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Somalia accounts for 76.6% of the total cases reported in 2017, followed by South Sudan at 15.9%.

04 Oct 2017 description
infographic UN Children's Fund

Since December 2014 to date, Kenya has experienced cholera outbreaks across 31 Counties with 17,942 total number of cases reported and 269 deaths giving a case fatality rate of 1.5%. In 2017, 18 counties have been affected by cholera, a total of 2,996 cases with 55 deaths (CFR 1.8%). Six Counties have active outbreaks; Nairobi ,Nakuru,
Kajiado, Machakos, Garisssa and Vihiga.

04 Oct 2017 description
report UN Children's Fund

Highlights

  • From 1 January to 31 August 2017, a total of 54,000 severely malnourished children (68.4% of annual target) and 102,218 moderately malnourished children (52.5% of annual target) have been admitted for treatment.

  • UNICEF has received USD 3.75 Million from USAID/Food for Peace to support the treatment of severely malnourished children in the reporting period.

03 Oct 2017 description

Update on global programmes

A. Introduction

03 Oct 2017 description
report WaterAid

The War to end Cholera’, a new report published today by WaterAid, reveals that the countries with the highest cholera burden are the same nations with the greatest number of people living without clean water and decent sanitation. WaterAid is warning that global efforts to end cholera will fail unless the world’s poorest are given the tools they need to fight the disease – clean water, decent sanitation and good hygiene.

29 Sep 2017 description

This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 49 events in the region. This week, one new event has been reported: measles in Liberia. This week’s edition also covers key ongoing events, including:

  • Plague in Madagascar
  • Malaria in Cabo Verde
  • Cholera in Tanzania
  • Cholera in Chad
  • Humanitarian crisis in Cameroon
  • Humanitarian crisis in South Sudan