West Africa: Ebola Outbreak - Mar 2014
- In March 2014, a rapidly evolving outbreak of Ebola haemorrhagic fever started in Guinea. The outbreak subsequently spread to Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Senegal, and Mali.
- 1 Aug 2014: WHO and the government of Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia launched a joint US$ 100 million response plan.
- 8 Aug 2014: WHO declared the Ebola outbreak in West Africa a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC).
- 28 Aug 2014: WHO issued a "roadmap" to scale up the international response.
- 19 Sep 2014: UN Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER) established.
- 17 Oct 2014: WHO declared Senegal free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 20 Oct 2014: WHO declared Nigeria free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 19 Jan 2015: WHO declared Mali free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 21 Jan 2015: Updated Overview of Needs and Requirements for Jan-Jun 2015 launched.
- 8 May 2015: WHO declared Liberia free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 31 Jul 2015: UNMEER closed and transitioned oversight of the UN system’s Ebola emergency response to WHO as of 1 Aug.
- 7 Nov 2015: WHO declared Sierra Leone free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 29 Dec 2015: WHO declared the end of Ebola virus transmission in the Republic of Guinea.
- 14 Jan 2016: WHO declared the end of the most recent outbreak of Ebola virus disease in Liberia and said all known chains of transmission have been stopped in West Africa.
- 15 Jan 2016: A new case of Ebola has been confirmed in Sierra Leone. The country is still in a 90-day period of enhanced surveillance following the declaration on 7 November 2015 of the end of Ebola transmission in the country.
- 17 Mar 2016: WHO and the government of Sierra Leone marked the end of the recent flare-up of Ebola virus disease in the country.
- 18 Mar 2016: Guinean health officials in the region alerted WHO and partners on 16 March to 3 unexplained deaths in recent weeks in the village of Koropara and said other members of the same family are currently showing symptoms characteristic of Ebola.
- 29 Mar 2016: WHO said Ebola situation in West Africa no longer constitutes a Public Health Emergency of International Concern.
- 1 Jun 2016: WHO declares the end of Ebola virus transmission in the Republic of Guinea.
9 Jun 2016: WHO declares the end of the most recent Ebola virus disease outbreak in Liberia.
- UNMEER Situation Reports
Most read reports
Description of the disaster
Written by Dr Trina Helderman, Senior Health & Nutrition Advisor for Medair’s Global Emergency Response Team
Leave and launch
In mid-2014, following a three-and-a-half-year stint working with Medair in South Sudan, I was at home for a few months to rest. The Ebola outbreak in West Africa was escalating and I remember thinking ‘I really need to get some sleep and recover quickly because I should be responding to this outbreak.’
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Planting of 2018 cereal crops started on time under favourable weather conditions
Above-average cereal production gathered in 2017
Continued assistance needed for vulnerable people
Timely start of cereal planting in the country
Morin C, Bost I, Mercier A, Dozon J, Atlani-Duault L. Information Circulation in times of Ebola: Twitter and the Sexual Transmission of Ebola by Survivors. PLOS Currents Outbreaks. 2018 Aug 28 . Edition 1. doi: 10.1371/currents.outbreaks.4e35a9446b89c1b46f8308099840d48f.
Celine Morin, Ida Bost, Arnaud Mercier, Jean-Pierre Dozon, Laetitia Atlani-Duault
Paul Jawor, an MSF water and sanitation (WATSAN) expert based in Barcelona, has been working on the post-Ebola response in Sierra Leone since 2016. His role is to ensure that MSF’s approach to water, sanitation and hygiene is up to standard.
Here, Paul recounts the progress he has seen in the Mongo and Kabala regions in the north of the country over the last three years.
created/written by MPH@GW, the online MPH program
In July 2014, a businessman working for an international steel company took a flight from Liberia to Nigeria — and in that moment an already bad Ebola outbreak in West Africa threatened to become a worldwide catastrophe, the very stuff of Hollywood horror films.
By KEMO CHAM
Researchers in Sierra Leone have found a new strain of the Ebola virus, the government said on Thursday.
The virus was discovered in bats in northern Bombali region by scientists in a joint US-West African study funded by USAid.
The finding comes two years after end of the worst-ever Ebola outbreak that killed more than 11,000 people in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.
But researchers say the new Bombali virus is distinct from other Ebola virus strains and it is not yet known whether it could develop into the deadly disease.
Delphin Kolie Bienvenu S. Camara, Alexandre Delamou, Abdoul H. Béavogui, Veerle Hermans, Jeffrey K. Edwards, Guido Benedetti, Claude P. Muller, Johan van Griensven, Rony Zachariah
The 2014–15 Ebola outbreak in West Africa was disruptive for the general health services in the affected countries. This study assessed the impact of the outbreak on the reported number and management of malaria in children under-five in rural Guinea.
Materials and methods
By Isabelle Granger
“How can policy and trade help disasters? What can the World Trade Organization do to support disasters?”
These were the first questions posed by Roberto Azevêdo, Director General of the World Trade Organization, in his opening remarks at the WTO Natural Disaster and Trade Symposium that took place on 26 April 2018, as WTO is launching a research project to better understand the nexus between disaster relief and commercial trade, in collaboration with Australia, IFRC, and ISDR, among other partners.
Low quality healthcare is increasing the burden of illness and health costs globally
5 July 2018 News Release Geneva
Poor quality health services are holding back progress on improving health in countries at all income levels, according to a new joint report by the OECD, World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Bank.
Today, inaccurate diagnosis, medication errors, inappropriate or unnecessary treatment, inadequate or unsafe clinical facilities or practices, or providers who lack adequate training and expertise prevail in all countries.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Favourable moisture conditions in 2018 cropping season allow timely planting of rice
Average cereal import requirements forecasted
Strong economic growth projected, food price inflation increasing
Pockets of poverty remain
Timely start of planting season
By: Ilana Shapiro, Ph.D.
CERF announces new findings in latest Results Report
Claudia Hargarten June 26, 2018
A new Results Report takes stock of how a US$439 million humanitarian investment from more than 50 donors delivered life-saving assistance to over 22 million people facing the consequences of natural disasters and conflict around the world.
I’ve lived in Sierra Leone all my life, including during the Ebola outbreak in 2014 that left communities battered and hopelessness. Today people here are finding a way to heal and to address community issues, which is leading to resiliency, and, ultimately, stronger community-based systems that meet people’s needs.
The Ebola outbreak in West Africa had the same psychological effects on individuals as war.
CONAKRY, GUINEA — Just after a morning rain, Gourma Mamadou was shopping in this capital city's crowded, open-air Kaloum market. The young man said he was well aware of the current Ebola outbreak simmering some 4,000 kilometers to the southeast in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where the World Health Organization reports it has killed 28 people since April.
The outbreak may be relatively far away, but fear of Ebola is not.
Monrovia, 31 May 2018: The National Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) Program at the Ministry of Health (MoH) with support from the World Health Organization (WHO) convened a one day workshop in Monrovia to validate Liberia’s National IPC guidelines. Infection prevention and control is an approach designed to prevent harm caused by infection to patients and health workers.
Ebola Response Anthropology Platform
Caring is human, and intensely practical. Yet scientific discussions concerning the current Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic frequently portray caring practices, including burial, as irrational or immutable traditions.
The United States Agency for International Development / Food for Peace (USAID / FFP) supported Cash Transfer Programming (CTP) response to the Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone and Liberia greatly contributed to the recovery of affected communities and households. The CTP response provided a safety net to assist targeted communities to deal with transient food insecurity and went beyond achieving this objective by also contributing to the recovery of livelihoods eroded by the Ebola crisis.
European Commission - Press release
Brussels, 18 May 2018
Education in emergencies helps millions of children in need across the world.
The Commission has adopted a new policy framework today that aims to increase humanitarian funding for education in emergencies and crises to 10% of its overall humanitarian aid budget as of 2019. The policy also aims to bring children caught up in humanitarian crises back to learning within 3 months.