West Africa: Ebola Outbreak - Mar 2014
- In March 2014, a rapidly evolving outbreak of Ebola haemorrhagic fever started in Guinea. The outbreak subsequently spread to Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Senegal, and Mali.
- 1 Aug 2014: WHO and the government of Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia launched a joint US$ 100 million response plan.
- 8 Aug 2014: WHO declared the Ebola outbreak in West Africa a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC).
- 28 Aug 2014: WHO issued a "roadmap" to scale up the international response.
- 19 Sep 2014: UN Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER) established.
- 17 Oct 2014: WHO declared Senegal free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 20 Oct 2014: WHO declared Nigeria free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 19 Jan 2015: WHO declared Mali free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 21 Jan 2015: Updated Overview of Needs and Requirements for Jan-Jun 2015 launched.
- 8 May 2015: WHO declared Liberia free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 31 Jul 2015: UNMEER closed and transitioned oversight of the UN system’s Ebola emergency response to WHO as of 1 Aug.
- 7 Nov 2015: WHO declared Sierra Leone free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 29 Dec 2015: WHO declared the end of Ebola virus transmission in the Republic of Guinea.
- 14 Jan 2016: WHO declared the end of the most recent outbreak of Ebola virus disease in Liberia and said all known chains of transmission have been stopped in West Africa.
- 15 Jan 2016: A new case of Ebola has been confirmed in Sierra Leone. The country is still in a 90-day period of enhanced surveillance following the declaration on 7 November 2015 of the end of Ebola transmission in the country.
- 17 Mar 2016: WHO and the government of Sierra Leone marked the end of the recent flare-up of Ebola virus disease in the country.
- 18 Mar 2016: Guinean health officials in the region alerted WHO and partners on 16 March to 3 unexplained deaths in recent weeks in the village of Koropara and said other members of the same family are currently showing symptoms characteristic of Ebola.
- 29 Mar 2016: WHO said Ebola situation in West Africa no longer constitutes a Public Health Emergency of International Concern.
- 1 Jun 2016: WHO declares the end of Ebola virus transmission in the Republic of Guinea.
9 Jun 2016: WHO declares the end of the most recent Ebola virus disease outbreak in Liberia.
- UNMEER Situation Reports
Red Cross Red Crescent best practice in Community Engagement and Accountability (CEA) to prevent, prepare for and respond to epidemics in West Africa
Preparing for and preventing epidemics
Preventing outbreaks of disease is a key priority for the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC). Stopping an outbreak before it spreads out of control saves lives, protects livelihoods and supports long term development.
Documenting best practices and lessons learned in Community Engagement and Accountability (CEA) to prevent epidemics in West Africa
West Africa / 2017
(MissionNewswire) Salesian missionaries with Don Bosco Fambul, one of Sierra Leone’s leading child-welfare organizations in Freetown, immediately responded with relief efforts for those affected by flooding and mudslides that occurred on Aug. 14, 2017. Freetown, the capital of Sierra Leone, lies between the mountains and the sea. The intense rain caused a mudslide on Mount Sugar Loaf in the Regent District on the outskirts of Freetown. The mudslide occurred at 6 a.m. when most of the community residents were still sleeping—leaving them more vulnerable to the rising waters.
12.054 mt of food assistance distributed
USD 174,071 cash based transfers made
USD 7,914,883 six months (March-Aug 2018) net funding requirements, representing 64% of total
8,580 people assisted in FEBRUARY 2018
António Guterres, Secretary-General of the United Nations (2016-)
WHO Sierra Leone’s ‘Annual Report: A Year in Review’ documents major milestones, lessons and challenges from our work in the health sector in 2017, achieved following two years of intensive post-Ebola support to the Ministry of Health and Sanitation. Together with our government counterparts, colleagues and our valued partners, we have aimed to help restore and strengthen essential health services, rebuild people’s trust and confidence in the public health system, and better protect the population against health emergencies – be this Ebola, or any other critical health threat.
The 2014-2015 Ebola outbreak in West Africa disrupted the region's health systems, job markets, and food supplies. Congress appropriated funds to USAID and State for Ebola response and preparedness. USAID and, to a lesser extent, State used some funds for Ebola recovery projects.
We reported on the status of USAID's recovery projects. USAID had completed 62 of its 131 projects, as of September 2017.
Katherine Jin and team design Highlight to protect health care workers from infectious diseases
Part 3 of a five-part series on Grand Challenge female innovators
The pace of progress in global health is determined by our ability to seed, nurture and spread innovation. Through Grand Challenges for Development, USAID uncovers promising ideas and applies rigorous, market-oriented approaches to cut the time it takes to transform ideas in a lab to impact on the ground.
Dr. Michelle Odlum
The Ebola virus outbreak claimed 11,000 lives across West Africa in 2014-2016. In Sierra Leone alone, 3,956 people died and it is estimated that 12,000 children lost parents.
Rugiatu is nine and wants to be a teacher when she grows up. But her life has not been easy so-far. Rugiatu’s mother died during the Ebola crisis, which struck Sierra Leone 2014-2016.
In countries affected by fragility and conflict, state institutions (i.e. public administration) co-exist among formal and informal arrangements that mirror ineffective power arrangements. These arrangements are products from protracted power struggles between elites struggling to remain in power and control the distribution of rents and resources. The challenges facing situations of fragility and violent conflict are daunting and multidimensional.
The Carter Center, MAP International, and the Liberian Ministry of Health have formed a new partnership to combat a growing mental health crisis in Liberia.
MAP International, is joining with The Carter Center, to provide neuropsychiatric medicines and supplies to the Liberian Ministry of Health. These medications will be distributed to hospitals, health centers, and clinics (public and private) throughout Liberia, where there are trained health care workers, including mental health clinicians.
(MissionNewswire) Salesian missionaries have been serving in Sierra Leone since 2001, when they began working to rehabilitate former child soldiers. In the years since, Don Bosco Fambul, located in the country’s capital city of Freetown, has become one of the country’s leading child welfare organizations—offering food, clothing, crisis intervention services, shelter, educational opportunities, long-term counseling and family reunification.
Epidemics are a constant threat to the well-being of communities everywhere, and more especially so in societies where resources are scarce. Managing epidemics, or preferably preventing them, is a priority for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. The role of communities in preventing, detecting and responding to local health threats is critical in improving the lives of millions across the world.
- WFP and partners launched the first distribution round of their new project in the food insecure Siguiri prefecture, combining nutrition and food security activities for increased sustainability.
The second school delivery round commenced while the field and monitoring units (FAM) of the four sub-offices set out to update beneficiary numbers. In Kankan, girls received their take-home rations.
The Directorate of Food and Nutrition of Sierra Leone’s Ministry of Health and Sanitation and Action Against Hunger Sierra Leone, with funding from Irish Aid, conducted the National Nutrition Survey 2017 in close collaboration and partnership with Sierra Leone Nutrition Technical Working Group.
More than 100,000 malaria cases went untreated when Liberia's health care system buckled under the 2014-2015 Ebola outbreak, according to a new study.
The research, published in the journal PLOS Medicine, shows how the toll of the Ebola outbreak goes beyond the 11,000 killed in West Africa by the virus itself. Basic health care took a major hit as well.
The UK aid response to global health threats
While health has been a major focus of UK aid for many years, the response to and lessons from the Ebola crisis stimulated a rapid scaling up of activity and spending to address global health threats.