West Africa: Ebola Outbreak - Mar 2014
- In March 2014, a rapidly evolving outbreak of Ebola haemorrhagic fever started in Guinea. The outbreak subsequently spread to Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Senegal, and Mali.
- 1 Aug 2014: WHO and the government of Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia launched a joint US$ 100 million response plan.
- 8 Aug 2014: WHO declared the Ebola outbreak in West Africa a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC).
- 28 Aug 2014: WHO issued a "roadmap" to scale up the international response.
- 19 Sep 2014: UN Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER) established.
- 17 Oct 2014: WHO declared Senegal free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 20 Oct 2014: WHO declared Nigeria free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 19 Jan 2015: WHO declared Mali free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 21 Jan 2015: Updated Overview of Needs and Requirements for Jan-Jun 2015 launched.
- 8 May 2015: WHO declared Liberia free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 31 Jul 2015: UNMEER closed and transitioned oversight of the UN system’s Ebola emergency response to WHO as of 1 Aug.
- 7 Nov 2015: WHO declared Sierra Leone free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 29 Dec 2015: WHO declared the end of Ebola virus transmission in the Republic of Guinea.
- 14 Jan 2016: WHO declared the end of the most recent outbreak of Ebola virus disease in Liberia and said all known chains of transmission have been stopped in West Africa.
- 15 Jan 2016: A new case of Ebola has been confirmed in Sierra Leone. The country is still in a 90-day period of enhanced surveillance following the declaration on 7 November 2015 of the end of Ebola transmission in the country.
- 17 Mar 2016: WHO and the government of Sierra Leone marked the end of the recent flare-up of Ebola virus disease in the country.
- 18 Mar 2016: Guinean health officials in the region alerted WHO and partners on 16 March to 3 unexplained deaths in recent weeks in the village of Koropara and said other members of the same family are currently showing symptoms characteristic of Ebola.
- 29 Mar 2016: WHO said Ebola situation in West Africa no longer constitutes a Public Health Emergency of International Concern.
- 1 Jun 2016: WHO declares the end of Ebola virus transmission in the Republic of Guinea.
9 Jun 2016: WHO declares the end of the most recent Ebola virus disease outbreak in Liberia.
- UNMEER Situation Reports
Appeals & Funding
- International Ebola Recovery Conference, 9-10 Jul 2015
- Business Engagement Guide - In-kind Donations and Direct Engagement
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Favourable prospects for 2017 harvest
Increased import requirement forecasted
Food price inflation increased in August 2017, but remains below the peak in November 2016
Number of food insecure people declines, but humanitarian assistance still needed
Favourable prospects for 2017 harvest
FREETOWN, November 16 2017 --- At a handover ceremony today, WHO in collaboration with the African Development Bank (AfDB) donated 75 vehicles to Sierra Leone’s Ministry of Health and Sanitation (MoHS). The vehicles, which include 18 cars and 57 motorbikes, will be used to support disease surveillance and response to outbreaks and other public health emergencies.
Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action:
By Vera Darling Weah, John S. Doedeh, Samson Q. Wiah, Emmanuel Nyema, Siafa Lombeh Jeremias Naiene
Introduction: During the flare-ups of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Liberia, Sinoe County reactivated the multi-sectorial EVD control strategy in order to be ready to respond to the eventual reintroduction of cases. This paper describes the impacts of the interventions implemented in Sinoe County during the last flare-up in Monrovia, from April 1 to June 9, 2016, using the resources provided during the original outbreak that ended a year ago.
In the wake of the 2014-2016 Ebola crisis, USAID/Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) decided to address the resulting food insecurity in Liberia and Sierra Leone via cash-transfer programming (CTP) rather than in-kind food aid. Information available at the time showed that markets were recovering as quarantines and other movement restrictions were lifted, making cash a viable option.
STRENGTHENING SECURITY, JUSTICE AND SOCIAL COHESION IN BORDER COMMUNITIES
Over 1 year, the project will enhance the safety and security of the men, women and children who were most affected by the Ebola crisis in 3750 remote border communities.
Border communities in 7 border districts will improve community security, early warning systems and communications to prevent infectious disease outbreaks and other health and security threats.
Geneva, 20 October 2017 – The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is outraged at evidence of fraud during its 2014-2016 Ebola operations in Guinea and Sierra Leone.
IFRC has zero tolerance for fraud and is committed to full transparency and accountability to our partners and the communities we stand with. This fraud must not in any way diminish the tremendous courage and dedication of thousands of volunteers and staff during the Ebola response who worked tirelessly to save countless lives and support families.
Researchers found that the Ebola was significantly more likely to emerge in areas with surrounding forest loss
By Nellie Peyton
DAKAR, Oct 30 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Ebola outbreaks tend to occur two years after trees have been cut down or forests cleared in West and Central Africa, researchers said on Monday, suggesting that deforestation data could be used to predict outbreaks of the deadly disease.
(MissionNewswire) Salesian missionaries in the West African Province are serving more than 29,000 youth across four countries including Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone. Both Christian and Muslim youth attend Salesian schools, vocational and technical training, youth centers and social development programs.
Finn Church Aid (FCA) has decided to shut down its country programmes in Liberia and Sierra Leone by the end of 2017. Involvement in Liberia led to the founding of the Women’s Bank volunteer network which currently has thousands of volunteers.
“It is always difficult to make a decision like this. Over the past year we have worked hard to find new donors in both Liberia and Sierra Leone, but have not been adequately successful. However, it’s great that the work will continue by a local civil society organisation”, says Jouni Hemberg, FCA’s Executive Director.
We can combat global hunger and malnutrition, but it takes a holistic approach to ensure long-lasting impact
World hunger is on the rise. Today, nearly one in 10 people around the world suffer from hunger.
The solution to combatting hunger seems simple — get food to people in need when they need it. And while we have answered the call time and time again in response to crises and humanitarian need, supporting food security requires much more than filling people’s bellies.
While the Ebola crisis was at its peak, a small group of WASH entrepreneurs helped in a significant way by repairing hand pumps in clinics and other health facilities in some of the country’s hardest-hit counties. By restoring access to water — not only for drinking, but also for infection prevention and control — these WASH entrepreneurs ensured that facilities had the resources they needed to promote hand washing and safe hygiene practices that could help combat the spread of the disease.
Written by Kristin Myers
Despite global hunger levels falling, one in nine worldwide still face hunger. Here are the ‘ten hungriest’ countries according to the 2017 Global Hunger Index.
Participants of two Internews health media projects in Liberia put health in the news in the run up to the elections.
Liberians went to the polls on 10 October 2017 to elect the President and House of Representatives. In the run-up to elections everywhere in the world, party politics, campaign trails and – more often than not - character assassination drive the news agenda. Health stories don’t make the front page. In fact, health stories hardly make the front page, ever. But a group of Liberian journalists have changed that.
A review of recent humanitarian interventions that support local markets in emergency contexts revealed a limited scope and breadth of this type of activity. While many agencies show good creativity and understanding of market systems in emergencies, most activities are in the form of small grants to traders, to help them recover and to facilitate access to markets for disaster-affected communities. Such support includes small and large, formal and informal traders, but does not often go beyond grants, although sometimes trainings and other “soft support” are provided.
With support of the National Disaster Management Department and Sierra Leone Red Cross Society, WFP provided a household food ration to fire-affected households in Kelleh town community in Freetown.
A theoretical Training of Trainers workshop on Community-based Participatory Planning (CBPP) was held in Port Loko as part of the broader Three Pronged Approach (3PA) to resilience building.
The Committee on the Rights of the Child today concluded its consideration of the initial report of Guinea under the Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict and the initial report under the Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography.
Le Comité des droits de l’enfant a examiné, aujourd’hui, des rapports présentés par la Guinée sur les mesures qui ont été prises pour donner effet aux dispositions des deux Protocoles facultatifs se rapportant à la Convention relative aux droits de l’enfant, qui portent respectivement sur l’implication d’enfants dans les conflits armés et sur la vente d’enfants, la prostitution des enfants et la pornographie mettant en scène des enfants.