West Africa: Ebola Outbreak - Mar 2014
- In March 2014, a rapidly evolving outbreak of Ebola haemorrhagic fever started in Guinea. The outbreak subsequently spread to Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Senegal, and Mali.
- 1 Aug 2014: WHO and the government of Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia launched a joint US$ 100 million response plan.
- 8 Aug 2014: WHO declared the Ebola outbreak in West Africa a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC).
- 28 Aug 2014: WHO issued a "roadmap" to scale up the international response.
- 19 Sep 2014: UN Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER) established.
- 17 Oct 2014: WHO declared Senegal free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 20 Oct 2014: WHO declared Nigeria free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 19 Jan 2015: WHO declared Mali free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 21 Jan 2015: Updated Overview of Needs and Requirements for Jan-Jun 2015 launched.
- 8 May 2015: WHO declared Liberia free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 31 Jul 2015: UNMEER closed and transitioned oversight of the UN system’s Ebola emergency response to WHO as of 1 Aug.
- 7 Nov 2015: WHO declared Sierra Leone free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 29 Dec 2015: WHO declared the end of Ebola virus transmission in the Republic of Guinea.
- 14 Jan 2016: WHO declared the end of the most recent outbreak of Ebola virus disease in Liberia and said all known chains of transmission have been stopped in West Africa.
- 15 Jan 2016: A new case of Ebola has been confirmed in Sierra Leone. The country is still in a 90-day period of enhanced surveillance following the declaration on 7 November 2015 of the end of Ebola transmission in the country.
- 17 Mar 2016: WHO and the government of Sierra Leone marked the end of the recent flare-up of Ebola virus disease in the country.
- 18 Mar 2016: Guinean health officials in the region alerted WHO and partners on 16 March to 3 unexplained deaths in recent weeks in the village of Koropara and said other members of the same family are currently showing symptoms characteristic of Ebola.
- 29 Mar 2016: WHO said Ebola situation in West Africa no longer constitutes a Public Health Emergency of International Concern.
- 1 Jun 2016: WHO declares the end of Ebola virus transmission in the Republic of Guinea.
9 Jun 2016: WHO declares the end of the most recent Ebola virus disease outbreak in Liberia.
- UNMEER Situation Reports
Appeals & Funding
- International Ebola Recovery Conference, 9-10 Jul 2015
- Business Engagement Guide - In-kind Donations and Direct Engagement
The Security Sector’s Role in Responding to Health Crises representatives from key regional organizations involved in the Ebola response, including the African Union (AU) and the Mano River Union (MRU), as well as additional researchers, Ebola Task Force coordinators at national and regional levels, and representatives of the diplomatic and international community based in Freetown. Participants shared practical recommendations to facilitate better preparedness to mitigate future epidemics.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
The disaster and the Red Cross Red Crescent response to date
March 2014: Ebola outbreak in Gueckedou and a FACT team is deployed in the country March and April 2014: CHF 250,000 DREF allocated
The Ebola epidemic in Sierra Leone had severe impacts on the country’s health system, economy and food security situation. Many households experienced new or increased food insecurity as Ebola-related fears and restrictions on movement and mass gatherings disrupted trade, increased food prices and reduced household income.
By Inna Lazareva
YAOUNDE, Sept 5 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Experience gained taming West Africa's Ebola outbreak is helping Sierra Leone deal with its recent mudslide disaster, but urgent action is needed to prevent future catastrophes, experts say.
As more bodies are unearthed after the mid-August mountain collapse in Regent on the outskirts of the capital Freetown, thousands of people who lost their homes require emergency accommodation and longer-term help to recover, aid workers say.
Three Years of Humanitarian Action
WHO is the lead agency for health within the United Nations system. We coordinate the international health response to emergencies and humanitarian crises whenever a country needs assistance.
But we cannot do this work without our partners - other UN agencies, nongovernmental organizations and donors – who help us deliver health services in even the most difficult situations.
By Forrest Wilhoit, Africa Broadband Coordinator
The Ebola crisis of 2014-2015 resulted in tragic loss of life across West Africa and caused massive global alarm. It also revealed the power of communications technology – and the significant problems that can result when communications networks fail during a crisis.
On the evening of the 14th August, mudslides triggered by three days of heavy rains poured in and around the capital of Sierra Leone, Freetown. The most severe mudslides occurred in the coastal suburb of Racecourse on the city’s eastern edge, as well as in Regent and Lumley where thousands of makeshift settlements are home to the city’s poorest communities. Torrential rains have led to a series of significant floods and mudslides in several areas of Freetown.
David Winter, Professor Emeritus of Clinical Psychology, University of Hertfordshire
Disclosure statement: David Winter has received funding from Enabling Access to Mental Health Sierra Leone (funded by the European Union), and from the Tropical Health and Education Trust and Unison, via Barnet, Enfield and Haringey Mental Health NHS Trust.
Aflao – A cross-border meeting was organized this week (09/08) by IOM Ghana and the Lagos–Abidjan Corridor Organization (ALCO) in Aflao on the Ghana-Togo border to strengthen cross-border communication and coordination between the two countries.
Improving the cross-border communication should help Ghana and Togo to prevent, detect and respond to infectious diseases and other potential public health issues.
The 2016 Health Sector Performance Report (HSPR) presents an assessment of how the health system in Sierra Leone has performed in 2016 –the first full year of health sector reconstruction after the Ebola epidemic. It is the first time that Sierra Leone has reported on a complete range of internationally agreed indicators that span the entire health system, and as such makes a significant improvement on previous HSPRs.
The Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak has left an indelible memory and the lessons have been the catalyst for the robust implementation of Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) in Liberia. As part of the implementation of the National Investment Plan to build a resilient health system, the National Public Health Institute of Liberia (NPHIL) has been established with a mandate to ensure prevention and control of public health threats by promoting healthy outcomes.
June 2017 | Volume 5 | Issue 2
Reducing Sepsis Deaths in Newborns Through Home Visitation and Active Case Detection: Is it Realistic?
The Importance of Mental Well-Being for Health Professionals During Complex Emergencies: It Is Time We Take It Seriously
Improving Adherence to Essential Birth Practices Using the WHO Safe Childbirth Checklist With Peer Coaching: Experience From 60 Public Health Facilities in Uttar Pradesh, India
WFP collaborates with J-PAL and World Vision to commence stunting prevention and immunization promotion food distribution in Kori chiefdom, Moyamba district.
WFP completes second quarter food support to undernourished tuberculosis (TB) clients and those on the intensive phase of directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS) in Kambia, Koinadugu, Bombali and Tonkolili districts.
21 July 2017: The 2014 outbreak of Ebola – the worst in history – saw almost 4,000 people killed in Sierra Leone. Those who survived now face medical complications while being shunned by their communities. But some say government promises of support are yet to materialise. Abdul Brima asks if this risks confrontation with the authorities.
Intergenerational HelpAge programme restores livelihoods and builds community cohesion in post-Ebola Sierra Leone
By Ben Small
Older people in Sierra Leone are rebuilding their livelihoods and experiencing greater levels of dignity and respect in their communities in the wake of the Ebola outbreak, thanks to a HelpAge International programme that has brought older and younger generations together.
As part of efforts in supporting the Government of Liberia’s post Ebola virus disease (EVD) recovery process, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), during the week handed over three (3) brand new generators to the Ministry of Health.
The generators, two seventy-five (75 KVA) and one twenty-five (25 KVA) are for two hospitals…the C. H. Rennie Hospital in Kakata, Margibi County and the Tellewoyan Hospital in Voinjama, Lof County. The third generator is to be used at the Ministry of Health Central Office in Congo Town, Montserrado County.
A year after the country was declared free of the virus, maternity care and family planning remain starved of funding
Mamie Gibila travelled across choppy waters for almost four hours last week to reach a hospital. She was midway through labour with twins. The first baby was born at home, but she was unable to deliver the second and urgently needed medical attention.
In Sierra Leone, volunteers were trained in safety procedures that replaced the traditional high-risk burial practices, and worked in ‘Safe and Dignified Burial’ teams. Many were ostracized by their communities but thanks to the support of the Ebola Multi-Partner Trust Fund, they were able to successfully reintegrate.
UNDP and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, with support from the Government of Finland, helped the volunteers to develop skills to be able to make a living, as well as providing counselling and training.