DR Congo: Cholera and Measles Outbreaks - Jan 2013Ongoing
While the last major cholera outbreak in DR Congo's western provinces was in 2011, cholera is endemic in the eastern provinces, which experienced a resurgence of cases starting in July 2012. Over the course of 2013, ongoing violence and displacement in North and South Kivu, Katanga and Orientale provinces limited access to health care and life-saving vaccination services. Between January and September, more than 21,000 cases of cholera and 376 deaths were recorded with 99% of these cases in the eastern provinces. During the same time frame, more than 74,299 cases of measles and 1,160 deaths had been reported. (WHO, 31 Oct 2013)
In 2013, Katanga was the most-affected province with 13,726 cholera cases and 348 deaths, compared to 6,930 cases and 223 deaths in 2012 (OCHA, 15 Jan 2014). On 7 Dec 2013, the governor of Sud-Kivu officialy declared a cholera epidemic outbreak. More than 6,200 cases had been reported since the beginning of the year. (OCHA, 11 Dec 2013) Country-wide, a total of 26,440 cases of cholera were reported in 2013 (UNICEF, 28 Jul 2014).
Between 1 Jan and 1 Dec 2013, 86,264 measles cases and 1,372 deaths were recorded (WHO, 20 Dec 2013).
By the end of July 2014, 10,551 cholera cases had been reported - almost half the number of cases reported during the same time in 2013 (19,032) (UNICEF, 28 Jul 2014). By October, the total number of cholera cases in 2014 stood at just over 14,000, compared to just over 21,000 in 2013 (UNICEF, 20 Oct 2014). By then end of 2014, a total of 19,305 cases had been recorded (UNICEF, 29 Jan 2015).
Since the beginning of the year, 19,705 cases have been reported in DRC. As of 29 November, the following provinces had reported cases: South Kivu (4,906), ex-Katanga (4,565), Maniema (3,971), North Kivu (3,294) and ex-Oriental (2,969). A high number of cases are still reported in the province of South Kivu where the situation is particularly worrying because of the presence of camps hosting refugees from Burundi. Furthermore, there are concerns that the epidemic in Maniema could spread to other provinces of the country as observed during the 2011 cholera epidemic when areas of Kinshasa were also affected. (WHO,15 Dec 2015)
The protracted outbreak of cholera in [DRC] is still going on unabated ... The situation has continued to worsen with numerous pockets of outbreaks occurring along the Congo River...Since the beginning of the year up to 15 April 2017, a total of 9,160 cases including 315 deaths (case fatality rate of 3.4%) have been reported. Meanwhile in 2016, a total of 29,352 cases, including 817 deaths (case fatality rate of 2.8%) were notified nationwide. With these, the cumulative number of cases and deaths reported since onset of the outbreak is 38,511 cases including 1,419 deaths (case fatality rate of 3.68%). In 2017, the provinces of Tanganyika, South Kivu, Ecuador, Maindombe, Central Kongo, and Tshopo have been the most affected. (WHO, 25 Apr 2017)
In spite of the observed reduction during the reporting week, the cholera outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo remains a concern, with a high weekly incidence and new areas being affected. The cholera epidemic is active in eleven provinces and 66 health zones. The outbreak appears to be following three major river and lake routes, suggesting that these water bodies play an important role in transmission. Towards the east of the country, the affected areas are along Lake Tanganyika and Lake Kivu and the disease appears to be moving towards Lake Albert in the north-east. In the central region, the disease is affecting areas along the internal lakes and along the Congo River, up to Kindu and Maniema. In the western central area, the disease is affecting areas along the Kasai River. (WHO, 23 Oct 2017)
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Millions of people facing severe hunger and acute malnutrition in one of the worst hit areas of the Democratic Republic of Congo risk having life-saving aid cut if donors do not plug a hole in the aid budget, Oxfam warned today.
Tens of thousands of people have already had their food rations cut and Oxfam’s aid work in Kasai, which aims to help 180,000 people, may have to close when funding runs out in March.
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- In Rwanda, the number of Burundian refugee arrivals has more than doubled from previous months (1,150 arrivals registered). This includes 42 Burundian refugees who have passed through DRC and Tanzania.
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USUN Ambassador Nikki R. Haley travels to DRC to observe humanitarian conditions
Crisis-level food insecurity to persist through May 2018 in some conflictaffected areas
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 50 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
- Declaration of end of Marburg virus disease outbreak in Uganda
- Influenza A H1N1 in Ghana
- Listeriosis in South Africa
- Cholera in Zambia
- Dengue fever in Senegal
Humanitarian crisis in South Sudan.
Kinshasa – Over the past year, the humanitarian situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has deteriorated at an alarming rate. IOM, the UN Migration Agency is appealing for USD 75 million to urgently meet the growing needs of displaced Congolese and the communities hosting them in the eastern and south-central provinces of North and South Kivu, Tanganyika and the Kasai.
• Le faible niveau de financements humanitaires aura été un défi majeur en 2017
• Maniema, Sud-Kivu et Tanganyika face à la crise à leurs limites communes
• Les contraintes budgétaires fragilisent sensiblement l’action humanitaire dans le Nord-Kivu.
RDC : Anatomie d’une crise humanitaire aiguë
Les Nations Unies ont célébré hier, 5 décembre, la Journée internationale des volontaires.
En 2017, plus de 400 Volontaires des Nations Unies se sont engagés dans des projets d'aide au développement, des opérations humanitaires et de maintien de la paix dans 25 localités différentes à travers la RDC.
Mouvements de population continus et retours timides en Territoire de Fizi
Les premiers réfugiés burundais sont arrivés sur le nouveau site de Mulongwe
Aperçu de la situation
Cholera has disappeared from industrialized countries for decades. Yet simple to prevent, treat and eliminate, “dirty hands disease” affects 3 to 4 million people and kills nearly 100,000 people each year because they lack access to safe drinking water and sanitation.
ACTU – Organisation d’une exposition photographique sur l’eau et l’environnement à Bukavu par UNICEF, en collaboration avec l’Institut Français et la Coopération Suisse.
Nowhere have more people been forced to flee in the first six months of this year than in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo), according to a major report released today by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC).
“It’s a mega crisis. The scale of people fleeing violence is off the charts, outpacing Syria, Yemen and Iraq,” said the Norwegian Refugee Council’s (NRC) Country Director in DRC, Ulrika Blom.
Monique, 32, lives in Diulu Commune in the heart of the city of Mbuji-Mayi, capital of Kasai-Oriental province. She had to attend the burial of her husband, aged 45, following the cholera epidemic in Ngandajika territory, Lomami Province, 80 km from the city of Mbuji-Mayi.
SANTE – Monique, âgée de 32 ans, réside dans la commune de Diulu en plein cœur de la ville de Mbuji Mayi, chef-lieu de la province du Kasaï-Oriental. Elle a du assister à l’enterrement de son mari, âgé de 45 ans, suite à l’épidémie du choléra dans le territoire de Ngandajika, Province de Lomami, à 80 kilomètres de la ville de Mbuji Mayi.
Une intervention salvatrice
Focus on the situation report of the cholera epidemic in Sila and Salamat health regions - Eastern Chad as of Nov.15th 2017
We have observed an important decrease of cholera incidence over the few weeks from Salamat Health region. No additional case were reported from Sila Health region, since Oct. 4th. At the back of the bulletin, you'll find graphs describing the situations and the remaining challenges and gaps. The sitrep (in french) is accessible online directly.
La Zone de santé de Fataki en alerte nutritionnelle.
Médecins Sans Frontières quitte le Territoire d’Irumu, se repositionne à Kisangani et dans les Uélé.
Aperçu de la situation
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Environ 3 700 réfugiés congolais arrivés en Zambie, entre les 16 octobre et 28 novembre 2017
La zone minière de Fungurume en alerte de choléra
Aperçu de la situation
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 48 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
- Microcephaly in Angola
- Cholera in Zambia
- Dengue fever in Burkina Faso
- Humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Humanitarian crisis Nigeria
- Yellow fever in Nigeria
Alors que plusieurs organisations politiques et de la société civile appellent à des manifestations sur l’ensemble du territoire de la République démocratique du Congo ce jeudi 30 novembre, la MONUSCO réaffirme son attachement au respect des droits de l’homme et à l’expression pacifique des opinions.