Syria/Iraq: Polio Outbreak - Oct 2013
On 28 Oct 2013, the Minister of Health of the Syrian Arab Republic announced that, after a 15-year absence, polio had returned to the Middle East. Thirteen cases were confirmed from Syria's Deir Al Zour province. The occurrence of an outbreak reflects declining immunization rates due to the severe interruption of public health services and to the conditions in which the people are living. A comprehensive outbreak response will need to be implemented across the region, with seven countries and territories to conduct mass polio vaccination campaigns targeting more than 22 million children aged under 5 years. (Strategic Plan for Polio Outbreak Response in the Middle East)
As of 8 Feb 2014, 17 confirmed polio cases had been reported from Syria's Deir ez-Zour Governorate, three from Aleppo Governorate, one from Al. Hasakeh Governorate and two from Idleb Governorate (WHO/UNICEF, 8 Feb 2014).
By 20 Mar, a total of 37 cases had been reported: 25 cases by the Syrian Arab Republic Ministry of Health, and 12 cases from contested areas (Aleppo, Edleb and Deir Al Zour) not yet reflected in official figures. The most recent case had onset of paralysis on 17 Dec 2013. Further evidence of regional spread was confirmed by notification of a case from Iraq, the first polio case in the country since 2000. The case, a six-month old boy from Baghdad who had not been immunized, developed paralysis on 10 Feb 2014. Genetic sequencing indicates the virus is most closely related to virus detected in the Syrian Arab Republic. (WHO, 21 Mar 2014)
By 8 Oct, three cases had been reported in the Middle East with onset of paralysis in 2014 - two in Iraq and one in Syria. The most recent case reported from Iraq occurred in Mada'in district, Baghdad-Resafa province, with onset of paralysis on 7 Apr. Syria’s most recent case had onset of paralysis on 21 Jan. The fact that six months had passed with no new cases being reported indicates that transmission of the virus has been interrupted. (Global Polio Eradication Initiative, 8 Oct 2014)
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The Iraqi Ministry of Health, with the support of the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF, successfully concluded a mass polio immunization campaign in all 18 governorates on Thursday, immunizing millions of children across the country.
The five-day campaign which was conducted between 14 and 18 September is part of an ongoing national response to the re-emergence of the polio virus in Iraq earlier this year and comes at a time when the number of children displaced by ongoing conflicts continues to increase.
7,289 households surveyed in 59 priority districts
3 districts with unacceptable coverage
406 population areas (one or more households) missed
IRAQ POLIO INTRA-CAMPAIGN MONITORING
Number of displaced stands at 72,325 families as per Government figures of 28 May 2014.
DSRSG/HC/RC briefs donor community in Baghdad on Anbar Crisis May 28, 2104 on potential of operations ceasing owing to a lack of funding
Al-Naser and Al-Salam sub district face multiple crises’
Report of the post campaign independent monitoring of the 11-17 May 2014 National polio immunization Days prepared by WHO released.
Number of displaced stands at 72,325 families as per Government figures of 21 May 2014.
Total of 10,406 houses are damaged in Abu Ghraib and 49 schools are closed, affecting 12,173 students.
A second case of polio has been confirmed in Iraq.
The number of IDP families stands at 72,325 as per Ministry of Migration and Displacement (MoMD) latest registration report, with 50,922 families inside Anbar and 21,403 in other Governorates.
Number of displaced stands at 72,325 families as per Government figures of 14 May 2014.
The Polio National Immunization Days (NIDs) started on 11 May in the Kurdistan region and on 13 May in other Governorates.
Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) indicates priority needs being financial assistance as one of the most appropriate forms of assistance.
- Number of displaced stands at 72,910 families as per Government figures of 24 April 2014.
- UN Assistance reached those affected by floods in Abu Ghraib.
- MOH postpones next Polio National Immunization Days (NID) to ensure maximum coverage
Number of displaced stands at 72,910 families as per Government figures of 23 April 2014.
SRSG on April 23, 2104, chaired a meeting between the Baghdad Governorate Council Chairman Mr. Riyad Al-Adhadh and UN Country Team in Iraq to discuss how the UN can assist in dealing with the devastating effects of flooding in Abu-Ghraib and Fallujah. A UN Inter-Agency Mission along with Government counterparts is fielded for April 24, 2014
Number of displaced stands at 71,184 families as per Government figures of 16 April 2014.
The second round of Polio National Immunization Days (NIDs) targeting a total of 5,715,936 children under the age of 5 was undertaken from April 6 – 10, 214 throughout all governorates.
The preliminary findings of the food security survey of Anbar IDPs commissioned by WFP reveals 79% of IDP families in Anbar are food insecure and in need of food assistance.
Number of displaced stands at 71,184 families as per Government figures of 9th April 2014.
The second round of the nationwide polio national days of immunization (NDIs) is currently under way.
Various impediments to education of IDP children have been identified through the course of protection monitoring visits.
Baghdad, 6 April 2014 – The Iraqi Ministry of Health, with the support of UNICEF and the World Health Organization (WHO), will conduct a round of National Immunization Days between the 6th and 10th of April in response to an outbreak of polio in the country and the Middle East. The vaccination campaign aims to reach all of the 5.6 million children between 0 and 5 years of age across Iraq with two drops of the oral polio vaccine (OPV), including in refugee camps, host communities and settlements.
Number of displaced stands at 71,184 families as per Government figures of 2nd April.
Instability continues to spread into north-central regions.
GOI through MoH has declared the polio outbreak officially on 30th March.
Number of displaced stands at 66,520 families as per Government figures of 26th March.
336 Iraqi civilians killed and 1562 injured since January 2014.
WHO and UNICEF have completed the detailed epidemiological investigations on the wild polio virus case.