Syria/Iraq: Polio Outbreak - Oct 2013
On 28 Oct 2013, the Minister of Health of the Syrian Arab Republic announced that, after a 15-year absence, polio had returned to the Middle East. Thirteen cases were confirmed from Syria's Deir Al Zour province. The occurrence of an outbreak reflects declining immunization rates due to the severe interruption of public health services and to the conditions in which the people are living. A comprehensive outbreak response will need to be implemented across the region, with seven countries and territories to conduct mass polio vaccination campaigns targeting more than 22 million children aged under 5 years. (Strategic Plan for Polio Outbreak Response in the Middle East)
As of 8 Feb 2014, 17 confirmed polio cases had been reported from Syria's Deir ez-Zour Governorate, three from Aleppo Governorate, one from Al. Hasakeh Governorate and two from Idleb Governorate (WHO/UNICEF, 8 Feb 2014).
By 20 Mar, a total of 37 cases had been reported: 25 cases by the Syrian Arab Republic Ministry of Health, and 12 cases from contested areas (Aleppo, Edleb and Deir Al Zour) not yet reflected in official figures. The most recent case had onset of paralysis on 17 Dec 2013. Further evidence of regional spread was confirmed by notification of a case from Iraq, the first polio case in the country since 2000. The case, a six-month old boy from Baghdad who had not been immunized, developed paralysis on 10 Feb 2014. Genetic sequencing indicates the virus is most closely related to virus detected in the Syrian Arab Republic. (WHO, 21 Mar 2014)
By 8 Oct, three cases had been reported in the Middle East with onset of paralysis in 2014 - two in Iraq and one in Syria. The most recent case reported from Iraq occurred in Mada'in district, Baghdad-Resafa province, with onset of paralysis on 7 Apr. Syria’s most recent case had onset of paralysis on 21 Jan. The fact that six months had passed with no new cases being reported indicates that transmission of the virus has been interrupted. (Global Polio Eradication Initiative, 8 Oct 2014)
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BAGHDAD, 12 October 2015 -- A nationwide campaign to vaccinate 5.8 million children in Iraq against polio was concluded on the 11th of Oct this year after a two day extension recommended by the Ministry of health for maximum vaccination coverage. This effort to ensure that Iraq remains polio free also included the distribution of life-saving information on how to detect, prevent and treat cholera to 1.5 million households across the country.
The number of people affected by the crisis continues to rise.
Humanitarian needs increase while funding gaps get bigger.
380,000 refugees are currently considered extremely vulnerable and best served by resettlement to other countries.
After four years of war, there is no real prospect of peace in Syria.
The humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate for Syrians across the region, and funding is not keeping up with the increasing numbers of people in need of assistance.
As Syria crisis enters fifth year, more support urged for young adolescents
New York/Amman, 12 March 2015. Some 14 million children across the region are now suffering from the escalating conflict sweeping Syria and much of Iraq, said UNICEF today.
- In paragraph 6 of its resolution 2169 (2014), the Security Council requested me to report every three months on progress made towards fulfilling the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI). The present report covers key developments related to Iraq, and provides an update on the activities of the United Nations in Iraq since the issuance of my first report dated 31 October 2014 (S/2014/774).
Syrian arrivals from Kobani
A total of 2,222 Syrians (displaced from Kobani) were admitted into the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KR-I) in this reporting period, bringing the total number of new arrivals in the KR-I since 25 September to 26,057 individuals. 368 crossed via the Peshkhabour border crossing point and the rest via Ibrahim Khalil border crossing point.
Syrian arrivals from Kobani
A total of 1,865 Syrians (displaced from Kobani) were admitted into the KR-I, bringing the total number of new arrivals in the KR-I since 25 September to 23,835 individuals.
UNHCR continues to coordinate the process of reception at the Ibrahim Khalil border crossing point, supporting local authorities. Convoys have started departing border points earlier in the day so that refugees arrive at their destination during daylight.
1 . This eighth report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 17 of Security Council resolution 2139 (2014) and paragraph 10 of Security Council resolution 2165 (2014), in which the Council requested the Secretary-General to report, every 30 days, on the implementation of the resolutions by all parties to the conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic.
1. This seventh report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 17 of Security Council resolution 2139 (2014) and paragraph 10 of Security Council resolution 2165 (2014), in which the Council requested the Secretary-General to report, every 30 days, on the implementation of the resolutions by all parties to the conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic.
Winterisation activities are underway; but they are being hampered by limited funding, implementation capacity, the availability of items on the national and international markets, as well as slow procurement and production times for relief items.
The revised Strategic Response Plan for Iraq was launched on 23 October. An additional $1.6 billion required until 31 December 2015 for 5.2 million vulnerable people.
Resulting from recent attacks by ISIL-led armed groups in Kobane (Turkey), Syrian refugees are arriving in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KR-I), crossing the Turkish-Iraqi border illegally. By end September, 50 families (245 individuals) arrived in the KR-I. The majority are arriving to Duhok and are sheltered at Gawilan refugee camp and were provided with CRIs. Five families (35 individuals) arrived to Basirma camp in Erbil and were transported by IOM with the support of local authorities.
*This Regional Analysis of the Syria conflict (RAS) is now produced quarterly, replacing the monthly RAS of 2013. It seeks to bring together information from all sources in the region and provide holistic analysis of the overall Syria crisis. While Part I focuses on the situation within Syria, Part II covers the impact of the crisis on neighbouring countries. More information on how to use this document can be found on page 2.
The Government of Iraq releases 50 billion IQD (US$43 million) to assist with the IDP response in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.
The Immediate Response Plan for the IDPs Crisis in the KR-I was released this week. A similar plan for the whole of Iraq is under discussion with the Government of Iraq.
Humanitarian access in many parts of western and central Iraq is severely constrained, affecting the ability of partners to deliver humanitarian assistance.
The Humanitarian Needs Overview indicates that 5.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance.
Access for assistance to affected people is a major concern.
National winterization efforts need to be urgently steppedup.
The introduction of a cash and voucher program in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq in October is expected to alleviate the pressure on the food pipeline.
ERBIL, 23 September 2014 – A mass polio immunization campaign that was carried out this week in the midst of ongoing violence in Iraq has concluded successfully in all 18 Governorates throughout the country. The campaign was the first national polio vaccination activity since May.
The influx of 171,500 IDPs in Najaf, Kerbala and Diwaniya has overloaded water and sanitation infrastructure.
IDPs in unfinished buildings, in the open or in schools are the most vulnerable. Systematic planning is needed for IDPs relocation to dignified shelter solutions and for the rehabilitation of schools before educational activities can resume.
Since 7 September 900 IDP families have returned from the Kurdistan Region to the Al-Qosh sub-district.
Erbil / Amman, 2 September 2014 – Despite the ongoing conflict, violence and displacement across Iraq, a mass polio immunization campaign succeeded in reaching 3.75 out of 4 million children under the age of 5.
This sixth report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 17 of Security Council resolution 2139 (2014) and paragraph 10 of Security Council resolution 2165 (2014), in which the Council requested the Secretary - General to report, every 30 days, on the implementation of the resolutions by all parties to the conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic.
18 August, 2014 | Erbil: Humanitarian health services in Iraq have received a much-needed boost through a $US 50 million grant provided by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) to WHO for its response to health crises facing millions of people affected by the on-going conflict.
This fifth report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 17 of Security Council resolution 2139 (2014) and paragraph 10 of Council resolution 2165 (2014), in which the Council requested the Secretary-General to report, every 30 days, on the implementation of the resolutions by all Syrian parties to the conflict.