Burundi: Cholera Outbreak - Oct 2012
On 3 Oct 2012, a cholera outbreak was confirmed in Burundi, and the Minister of Health declared a national disaster. In general, cholera is endemic in Burundi and reoccurs at the onset of each rainy season. In the present situation, the cholera cases increased mainly because the rainy season started very early. 180 cases were reported over a period of six weeks, including one death. The situation became exacerbated in the affected districts because of lack of safe drinking water and unhygienic latrines. By the end of December, no other cholera outbreaks had been reported and the Minister of Health declared the end of the epidemic. (IFRC, 30 Jun 2013)
Description of the disaster
A. Situation analysis Description of the disaster
GLIDE n° OT-2012-000193-TZA
Period covered by this Ops Update15 November 2012 – 20 August 2013. This update represents a sixmonth summary of the operation (cumulative narrative and financial).
Appeal target (current): CHF 717,077
Appeal coverage: 41%;
A Preliminary Emergency Appeal was launched on 15 November 2012 with a budget of CHF 674,731 (cash and in - kind donation or services) to assist 14,643 beneficiaries (2,615 households) for a period of three months.
In this issue, a general overview of outbreaks that occurred within the WHO African Region between January and July 2013 is provided as well as a summary of ongoing outbreaks as reported by Member States.
Overview of reported outbreaks in WHO African Region
CHF 88,655 were allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to replenish and refund the National Society in replenished pre-positioned stocks utlizied to deliver immediate assistance to some 14,000 beneficiaries in 7 districts affected by the cholera outbreak.
Across the East Africa region, consecutive good seasons transformed food security conditions from the initial low point in 2011, which was a great relief coming out of a severe drought. However, the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) continued working with other players including government and regional bodies such as the Inter-Governmental Climate Information, Prediction,
Kinshasa, 14 mars 2013– Un forum sous régional de collaboration inter-pays dans la lutte contre le choléra s’est tenu à Kinshasa du 12 au 14 mars 2013.
Burundian refugees are facing serious health risks as they return home, having had their refugee status revoked by the Tanzanian Government.
At the end of 2012 the Tanzanian Government closed Mtabila refugee camp and revoked the refugee status for the majority of the Burundian refugees living in the camp. Almost 34,000 Burundian refugees have been repatriated.
Support to returnees
During the past decade over 525,000 Burundians have voluntarily returned home, while more than 94,000 Burundians still remain as refugees in neighboring countries, including in Tanzania. In 2011, the Tanzanian Government informed its partners that it would close Mtabila camp by the end of 2012 and repatriate all the Burundian refugees living in the camp and on 1 August, 2012, the Government of Tanzania revoked the refugee status for the majority of the Burundian refugees living in Mtabila camp.
Tropical cyclone Evan hit Samoa and Fiji on 13 and 16 December. As a category 4 storm, Evan caused significant damage to homes and infrastructure on both islands. 3,500 people were evacuated to emergency shelters in Fiji. In Samoa 1,500 were evacuated and 2 killed.Typhoon Bopha (Pablo) made landfall in the southern Philippines on 4 December, carrying winds of up to 160 kilometres an hour.
7 December 2012, Nairobi — Tens of thousands of refugees returning to Burundi are now at risk of a health disaster, as cases of cholera increase in their homeland.
Burundi has been tackling a deadly cholera outbreak for two months, and as hundreds of refugees from Tanzania’s Mtabila camp cross the border each day, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) fears that the large population movement may make things worse.
Typhoon Bopha (Pablo) made landfall in the southern Philippines on 4 December, carrying winds of up to 160 kilometres an hour. More than 5.4 million people have been affected in seven provinces, according to Government estimates. On 9 December an earthquake of 5.6 magnitude struck Davo Oriental province in the Philippines, which was one of the most affected by the typhoon.
The situation in Syria continues to deteriorate, with heavy fighting south and northeast of Damascus following a major operation launched by the Government to prevent rebels from advancing on the capital.
CHF 88,655 has been allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to replenish and refund the National Society in delivering immediate assistance to some 14,000 beneficiaries in 7 districts affected by the cholera outbreak. Unearmarked funds to repay DREF are encouraged.
Depuis le 30 septembre, une épidémie de choléra prévaut dans certains quartiers de la ville de Bujumbura et une partie de la province Bujumbura Rural. Jusqu’aujourd’hui, 20 cas ont été enregistrés et admis à l’hôpital Prince Régent Charles et à l’hôpital de Kabezi. Parmi les 8 qui étaient à l’hôpital Prince Régent Charles, 5 sont déjà sortis de même que 2 des 14 admis à l’hôpital de Kabezi.