Niger: Cholera Outbreak - Jun 2012
As of 24 Jun 2012, 2,023 cases of cholera and 52 deaths had been registered, compared with 474 cases and 20 deaths in June 2011. The region of Tillabéri (Tera, Tillabéri, Kollo, Sai districts), which hosts refugees from Mali in several camps, was the most affected, with 2005 cases. The regions of Niamey, Dosso and Maradi had reported 18 cases including four deaths. (UNICEF, 25 Jun 2012)
From late August through September, 41 cases of cholera were reported from three villages in Burkina Faso's Sahel region, close to the Niger border, with 25 cases reported among the Nigerien population and 16 among the Burkinabe (UNICEF, 27 Sep 2012). In October, 77 cases and four deaths were reported; in November the numbers decreased to 10 cases and no deaths (UNICEF, 30 Nov 2012).
By the end of 2012, Niger had recorded 5,285 cases and 110 deaths, compared to 2,434 cases and 57 deaths in 2011. Tillabéry remained the most affected region with 4,792 cases and 87 deaths, followed by Tahoua with 471 cases and 18 deaths. Not a single case/death was recorded since January 2013. (OCHA, 6 Feb 2013)
FREETOWN/CONAKRY/ACCRA/DAKAR, 16 August 2012 (IRIN) - Aid agencies are scrambling to treat thousands of cholera patients in Sierra Leone's capital, Freetown, where the number of infections is mounting by over 250 per day. Most patients are from the city's various urban slums, where open defecation is rife, toilets are rare, sewage is improperly disposed of, and awareness of cholera is very low. Water and sanitation specialists say unless these problems are addressed, cholera will continue to flourish both in Sierra Leone and throughout West Africa.
M'BERA, 1 août 2012 (IRIN) - Le Haut Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR) affirme que « les fonds sont lamentablement insuffisants » pour aider les Maliens qui, fuyant les combats, ont passé la frontière et ont trouvé refuge dans le camp de M'bera en Mauritanie ou dans d'autres pays voisins.
M'BERA, 30 July 2012 (IRIN) - The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) says it is "woefully underfunded" to help Malians fleeing fighting who have sought refuge across the border in Mauritania's M'bera camp, and other neighbouring countries.
FREETOWN/DAKAR, 12 juillet 2012 (IRIN) - Après des années d'épidémies cycliques de choléra en Afrique de l'ouest, les règles en matière d'hygiène et d'assainissement de l'eau sont généralement peu respectées dans la plupart des pays touchés. Cependant, dans certaines régions, la lutte contre le choléra est plus efficace que par le passé. IRIN a discuté des solutions nouvelles et classiques existantes en matière de prévention du choléra, avec les organisations humanitaires et les gouvernements concernés.
FREETOWN/DAKAR, 10 July 2012 (IRIN) - After years of cyclical cholera outbreaks in West Africa, water and sanitation standards are still notoriously low in most of the affected countries, but in some areas the cholera response is working better now than in the past. IRIN spoke to governments and aid agencies about innovations and traditional wisdom for preventing cholera.