Niger: Cholera Outbreak - Jun 2012
As of 24 Jun 2012, 2,023 cases of cholera and 52 deaths had been registered, compared with 474 cases and 20 deaths in June 2011. The region of Tillabéri (Tera, Tillabéri, Kollo, Sai districts), which hosts refugees from Mali in several camps, was the most affected, with 2005 cases. The regions of Niamey, Dosso and Maradi had reported 18 cases including four deaths. (UNICEF, 25 Jun 2012)
From late August through September, 41 cases of cholera were reported from three villages in Burkina Faso's Sahel region, close to the Niger border, with 25 cases reported among the Nigerien population and 16 among the Burkinabe (UNICEF, 27 Sep 2012). In October, 77 cases and four deaths were reported; in November the numbers decreased to 10 cases and no deaths (UNICEF, 30 Nov 2012).
By the end of 2012, Niger had recorded 5,285 cases and 110 deaths, compared to 2,434 cases and 57 deaths in 2011. Tillabéry remained the most affected region with 4,792 cases and 87 deaths, followed by Tahoua with 471 cases and 18 deaths. Not a single case/death was recorded since January 2013. (OCHA, 6 Feb 2013)
In Syria, insurgents heightened their offensive to capture airports and air bases in Aleppo, leading to intense fighting across the province. In eastern Syria, rebels captured the town al-Shaddadeh after three days of fighting that left 130 people dead and forced some 40,000 people to flee the town. The number of Syrian refugees continued to rise, amounting to a total of 830,675, an increase of around 38,500 newly registered refugees or individuals awaiting registration in a week.
M'BERA, 1 août 2012 (IRIN) - Le Haut Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR) affirme que « les fonds sont lamentablement insuffisants » pour aider les Maliens qui, fuyant les combats, ont passé la frontière et ont trouvé refuge dans le camp de M'bera en Mauritanie ou dans d'autres pays voisins.
M'BERA, 30 July 2012 (IRIN) - The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) says it is "woefully underfunded" to help Malians fleeing fighting who have sought refuge across the border in Mauritania's M'bera camp, and other neighbouring countries.
Locust infestations are threatening crops in the Sahel, with swarms observed in northern Mali, Niger and Chad.
The risk of cholera outbreaks is growing with the arrival of the rainy season, against the backdrop of a poorly funded WASH sector. An epidemic is ongoing in Niger and requires urgent support.
Early forecasts for the 2012 rainy season suggest that rains will arrive late and be below average in the western Sahel. Other areas could see normal precipitation.