Niger: Cholera Outbreak - Jun 2012
As of 24 Jun 2012, 2,023 cases of cholera and 52 deaths had been registered, compared with 474 cases and 20 deaths in June 2011. The region of Tillabéri (Tera, Tillabéri, Kollo, Sai districts), which hosts refugees from Mali in several camps, was the most affected, with 2005 cases. The regions of Niamey, Dosso and Maradi had reported 18 cases including four deaths. (UNICEF, 25 Jun 2012)
From late August through September, 41 cases of cholera were reported from three villages in Burkina Faso's Sahel region, close to the Niger border, with 25 cases reported among the Nigerien population and 16 among the Burkinabe (UNICEF, 27 Sep 2012). In October, 77 cases and four deaths were reported; in November the numbers decreased to 10 cases and no deaths (UNICEF, 30 Nov 2012).
By the end of 2012, Niger had recorded 5,285 cases and 110 deaths, compared to 2,434 cases and 57 deaths in 2011. Tillabéry remained the most affected region with 4,792 cases and 87 deaths, followed by Tahoua with 471 cases and 18 deaths. Not a single case/death was recorded since January 2013. (OCHA, 6 Feb 2013)
In this issue, a general overview of outbreaks that occurred within the WHO African Region between January and July 2013 is provided as well as a summary of ongoing outbreaks as reported by Member States.
Overview of reported outbreaks in WHO African Region
In this issue, a general overview of outbreaks that occurred within the WHO African Region between January and December 2012 is provided as well as a summary of ongoing outbreaks as reported by the Member States.
Overview of the major reported outbreaks in the WHO African Region
- Cholera in Sierra Leone
- Cholera in DR Congo
- Ebola in Uganda
- Marburg in Uganda
- Rift Valley Fever in Mauritania
- Ebola in DR Congo
0 . Major changes since previous version of the HIP
On 1 January 2012, the HIP Epidemics was launched with an indicative amount of EUR 5,000,000. However, for the first assessment round, only EUR 3,000,000 had been assigned. As all funds had been committed by October 2012, the second assessment round over EUR 2,000,000 was launched on 25 October 2012.
1 . Context
Brazzaville, Congo: 27 October 2012 – As the Sahel food crisis persists, compounded by recent flooding in the region, the World Health Organization (WHO) has appealed to health and development partners to support affected countries prioritize de-worming activities as part of urgent relief efforts.
"Flooding now being experienced in parts of the Sahel, creates the ideal breeding ground for contracting Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) such as bilharzia, and worm-like diseases putting more at risk of malnutrition,” says WHO African Regional Director Dr Luis Gomes Sambo.
Responding to the Crisis in Syria
Instability and conflict in Syria continue to affect hundreds of thousands of people. An estimated one million Syrians have been internally displaced, while the overall total affected population is estimated at up to 2.5 million.
CERF releases more than US$34.2 million for West and Central Africa on third Quarter, 55 per cent for DRC
Le CERF alloue plus de 34,2 millions de dollars pour les urgences en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre au troisième trimestre, dont 55% pour la République Démocratique du Congo
As of 1 October, the total number of Malian refugees in Niger, Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Togo and Guinea is 202,206 persons. The new figures of internally displaced persons (IDPs) resulting from the crisis in Mali is estimated at 118,795. The current number of Malian refuges and IDPs is 321,001 persons.
On n’avait pas vu de tels chiffres depuis dix-sept ans en Sierra Leone : 15 308 cas de contamination recensés début septembre. Depuis 6 ans, l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre sont en sursit permanent : les épidémies de choléra se multiplient sur le continent, entrainant avec elles leurs millions de morts chaque année. Meurtrière mais aussi extrêmement rapide, l’épidémie est la première cause d’intervention d’urgence chez Action contre la Faim, au même titre que les catastrophes naturelles.
Between 01 January and 22 August 2012, a cumula-tive total of 55 185 cases and 1 187 deaths were re-ported from 21 countries ( CFR: 2.2%). The Democrat-ic Republic of Congo, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Ghana, Niger and Guinea accounted for 92% of the total num-ber of cases and 88% of the total number of deaths (Table 1, Figures 1 and 2).
By ADAM NOSSITER
DAKAR, Senegal — A fierce cholera epidemic is spreading through the coastal slums of West Africa, killing hundreds and sickening many more in one of the worst regional outbreaks in years, health experts said.
Read the story on the New York Times
FREETOWN/CONAKRY/ACCRA/DAKAR, 16 August 2012 (IRIN) - Aid agencies are scrambling to treat thousands of cholera patients in Sierra Leone's capital, Freetown, where the number of infections is mounting by over 250 per day. Most patients are from the city's various urban slums, where open defecation is rife, toilets are rare, sewage is improperly disposed of, and awareness of cholera is very low. Water and sanitation specialists say unless these problems are addressed, cholera will continue to flourish both in Sierra Leone and throughout West Africa.
This update provides a snapshot of UNHCR and its partners’ response to the displacement of Malian in Mali itself and into Burkina Faso, Niger and Mauritania. The refugee response is led by UNHCR and is undertaken in coordination with the host governments. More detailed operational information can be found on:
**UNHCR web portal for the Mali situation: http://data.unhcr.org/MaliSituation/regional.php
M'BERA, 1 août 2012 (IRIN) - Le Haut Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR) affirme que « les fonds sont lamentablement insuffisants » pour aider les Maliens qui, fuyant les combats, ont passé la frontière et ont trouvé refuge dans le camp de M'bera en Mauritanie ou dans d'autres pays voisins.
M'BERA, 30 July 2012 (IRIN) - The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) says it is "woefully underfunded" to help Malians fleeing fighting who have sought refuge across the border in Mauritania's M'bera camp, and other neighbouring countries.