Yemen: Measles Outbreak - Mar 2012
Over 4,300 measles cases and 155 deaths were officially reported in Yemen between January 2011 and March 2012, with 95 per cent of deaths reported since the beginning of 2012. The steep increase in measles incidents is due to the decline in immunization coverage and disruption in access to basic social services in most parts of the country during the civil unrest. Mortality due to measles is already very high and will increase further, especially if compounded with a rise in acute watery diarrhoea and increasing rates of malnutrition. (OCHA, 8 Mar 2012, OCHA, 5 Apr 2012)
In Apr 2012, a national measles campaign targeting over 8.2 million children (6 months to 10 years) achieved a coverage rate of 94 per cent and resulted in the number of reported measles cases falling to 106, with zero deaths (UNICEF, 1 May 2012).
Date: from 19th April to 4th May 2014
Dates of the survey: 14th - 24th June, 2014
In March 2014, UNICEF and Ministry of Public Health and Population (MOHP) initiated a SMART nutrition survey in the Hodeida Governorate. The nutrition survey was conducted from March 25 to April 3, 2014, in Hodeida governorates stratified as highland and lowland regions. The samples used were 81 clusters for Hodeida governorate among this 41 were for lowland and 40 for highland.
Dates of the survey: 17th – 28th May, 2014
The governorate of Hajja is situated 120 km North West of Sana'a with an area of 8,228 square km. Hajja is bordered by Saudi Arabia and Sa’ada Governorate in the north, Amran Governorate in the east, Mahaweet and Hodeida governorates in the south, and the Red Sea with part of Hodeida coastal area in the west.
- 509 Global progress towards regional measles elimination, worldwide, 2000–2013
- 509 Progrès dans le monde en vue de l’élimination de la rougeole dans les Régions, 2000-2013
Dhamar governorate is located to the south and southeast of Sana'a Governorate, to the north of Ibb Governorate, to the east of Hodeidah Governorate and to the northwest of Al Bayda Governorate in the central highlands, with an area of 7,586 square kilometers and a population of 1,329,229 people. The governorate contains of two main ecological zones the Eastern (mainly urban) and the Western (purely rural) regions.
The ERF for Yemen has grown into a key funding mechanism since it was established in 2010 to support humanitarian response to sudden onset emergencies and critical humanitarian interventions.
● During week no 30, 2013; 89% (83/93) health facilities from 4 pilot governorates provided valid surveillance data.
● The total number of consultations reported during the week in pilot governorates was 13365 compared to 11965 the previous reporting week. Acute respiratory tract infections (ARI), acute diarrhea (OAD) and suspected malaria (S.Mal) were the leading cause of morbidity this week.
During week no 27, 2013; 90% (84/93) health facilities from 4 pilot governorates provided valid surveillance data.
The total number of consultations reported during the week in pilot governorates was 20318 compared to 21190 the previous reporting week.
￼￼￼￼￼Acute respiratory tract infections (ARI), acute diarrhea (OAD) and 20% ￼￼suspected malaria (S.Mal) were the leading cause of morbidity this week.
Abyan governorate is located in the south of the country, bordering the Gulf of Aden in the south, with an area of 16,442 square kilometers and a population of 476,242. The governorate contains of two main ecological zones the coastal region and the highlands.
Yemen a year after the civil unrest – deeper humanitarian crisis compounded by chronic underdevelopment; challenging political transition and volatile security affecting access; aggravated socio-economic situation manifested by a collapse of basic social services and rising cost of living leading to greater disparities and inequity, and shrinking community resilience.
Children continue to bear the brunt of the crisis. They constitute half of the population.
Findings from SMART nutrition survey in Hajjah governorate show level of global acute malnutrition (GAM) in the Mountainous Zone at 9.3%, while in the Lowland Zone the rate was 21.6% – a „critical‟ rate according to WHO categorization.
• Inter-agency Abyan Response Plan requires US$87 million to assist 320,000 beneficiaries. But security is still fragile.
• Landmines are a major challenge to IDP return to Abyan. Livelihoods of 200,000 people have been destroyed, and protection issues are expected to persist.
• Agency chiefs are visiting Yemen to help draw attention to the nutrition and food crises in the country.
• Improved level of humanitarian funding to Yemen, but severe under-funding threatens delivery of life-saving initiatives.
· Sa’ada continued reporting measles cases; 170 in April and 101 up to 13 May. An outbreak of dengue-chikungunya fever was reported in Lahj, Hajjah and Hodeidah governorates, with 887 suspected cases.
· Findings from a UNICEF and Dutch Government supported nationwide WASH survey show only 45% of Yemenis have access to improved water; 27% have adequate sanitation.
•30 per cent of the water supply system in Yemen is not working. The WASH cluster has to make tough choices on priorities.
•32,000 people have fled their homes in Abyan since the military offensive started in early May.
•Green light in Sa’ada to do assessments, an indication of improved access. But many hurdles remain.
•Mid-year review concludes with 25 per cent increase in funding requirements.
•A new three-minute video seeks to draw attention to the humanitarian crisis in Yemen.