Congo River: Cholera Outbreak - May 2011
A cholera outbreak was declared in March 2011 in Oriental province and later spread along the Congo River to Bandundu, Equateur and Kinshasa provinces in DR Congo. The Ministry of Health declared a national epidemic in June and appealed to donors for support. (IFRC, 25 Apr 2012) Over the course of 2011, 8,038 cases of cholera and 434 deaths were recorded in the western provinces, with a peak in June (Gov't/WHO, 3 Jul 2012). In 2012, 7,175 cases and 229 deaths were registered, peaking in April (Gov't/WHO, 29 Jan 2013).
Republic of Congo
The first cases of cholera appeared in the Likouala, Cuvette and Plateaux divisions in June 2011, but Government officials did not declare the epidemic officially until July 2011. By 27 Dec 2011, 775 cases of cholera and 32 deaths were registered nationwide. (IFRC, 1 Feb 2012)
At the beginning of 2012, a new cholera outbreak occurred in Betou and the surrounding villages. 355 cholera cases, including 5 deaths, were recorded, with the highest number of cases at the beginning of March. By June, no new cases had been registered. (IFRC, 30 Sep 2012)
On 4 March 2012, an explosion occurred in an arms depot in Brazzaville, making 13,800 people homeless. They were accommodated in a temporary site where cases of cholera were declared in late March 2012 and early April 2012. (IFRC, 30 Apr 2012)
From May through to June 2012, no new cases were registered. (IFRC, 30 Sept 2012)
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In this issue, a general overview of outbreaks that occurred within the WHO African Region between January and April 2012 is provided as well as a summary of ongoing outbreaks as reported by the Member States.
Overview of reported outbreaks in the WHO African Region - Cholera - Meningitis
Ongoing outbreaks - Lassa Fever in Nigeria - Typhoid in Zimbabwe - Meningitis in Burkina Faso - Cholera in Ghana - Meningitis in Chad - Cholera in Uganda - Meningitis in Benin - Nodding Syndrome in Uganda
In this issue, a general overview of outbreaks that occurred within the WHO African Region between January and March 2012 is provided as well as a summary of ongoing outbreaks as reported by the Member States.
In this issue, a general overview of outbreaks that occurred within the WHO African Region in January 2012 is provided as well as a sum-mary of ongoing outbreaks as reported by Member States.
Overview of reported outbreaks in WHO African Region
Based on data received from the Early Warning System through the Event Management System, 11 public health events were reported to the Regional Office covering the period 01 January - 02 February 2012. The distribution of these events by country is given in Figure 1 and 2 below.
UNICEF’s Humanitarian Action for Children 2012 describes the daily situation of some of the world’s most vulnerable children and women in more than 25 countries and territories beset by emergencies and crisis.
Highlights: Week 50 (12 - 18 Dec 2011)
-14 Typhoid case reported this week
-Anthrax outbreak in Gokwe North
B.Epidemic prone diseases
C.Events of public health importance in the region
D.Completeness and timeliness of the national data
1.Classification of events that may constitute a Public Event of International Concern
2.Standard case definitions
3.Alert/action epidemic thresholds
Ce bulletin d’information humanitaire, produit par le bureau régional OCHA pour l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre, couvre la période du 1er au 30 Novembre 2011. Le prochain Bulletin, qui sera largement consacré aux CAP dans la région, sera publié vers le 15 janvier 2012 et sera daté de « janvier 2012 ».
Production céréalière de 55,4 millions pour les pays du Sahel et de l’Afrique de l’Ouest
Alerte Sahel: forte dégradation de la situation alimentaire attendue début 2012
Guardian Weekly, Tuesday 25 October 2011 09.05 EDT
Western and central Africa are facing one of the biggest cholera epidemics in their history, the World Health Organisation and the United Nations Children's Fund said last month, in reporting that more than 85,000 cases of cholera have been registered since the beginning of the year, with nearly 2,500 deaths.
L’épidémie de choléra en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre s’est intensifiée cette année. Plus de 85 000 cas, dont plus de 2 500 décès, ont été relevés depuis janvier 2011. Les effets cumulés de deux années consécutives d’épidémie importante dans la région (2010-2011) ont créé une situation humanitaire préoccupante. L’UNICEF et l’OMS ont proposé une stratégie régionale pour lutter contre l’épidémie.
Scott Stearns | Dakar
More than 85,000 cases of cholera in West and Central Africa are making this one of the region's most severe epidemics in recent memory.
Three simultaneous cross-border outbreaks are affecting people in two dozen countries along the coast from Guinea, and in the Lake Chad basin to the West Congo basin and around Lake Tanganyika. The World Health Organization says fatality rates in parts of Cameroon have topped 20 percent.
DAKAR, 12 October 2011 (IRIN) - Three simultaneous cholera epidemics have affected 24 countries in West and Central Africa, with 85,000 infections and 2,466 deaths since the beginning of 2011, according to the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF).
11 Oct 2011 16:48
By George Fominyen
DAKAR (AlertNet) – A cholera epidemic sweeping through West and Central Africa has infected more than 85,000 people and killed at least 2,466 since the start of the year, the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) said on Tuesday.
Cholera is an acute intestinal infection caused by bacteria contaminating food or water, prompting diarrhoea and vomiting. If left untreated, infected people can die of dehydration, sometimes within a matter of hours.
DAKAR/GENEVA, 11 October 2011 – UNICEF is calling for a redoubling of efforts to combat cholera outbreaks that are claiming lives and affecting large numbers of people across West and Central Africa.
Palais press briefing
Speaker: Tarik Jasarevic: 079 747 2756, firstname.lastname@example.org
I have put at your disposal a map with a detailed breakdown by country of the number of cholera cases, the number of deaths and the Case Fatality Ratio (CFR). If there is any interest, we can have a WHO expert on cholera available next Tuesday who will be able to elaborate further on this issue.
Five countries: Ghana, DR Congo, Nigeria, Cameroon and Chad accounted for around 90% of the total number of cases and of deaths