Haiti: Cholera Outbreak - Oct 2010Ongoing
Since the emergence of cholera in Haiti in October 2010, the Ministry of Public Health and Population recorded 719,377 suspected cases and 8,767 cholera-related deaths as of 30 Nov 2014. Despite severe infrastructure and financial constraints, concerted Haitian and international efforts have succeeded in drastically reducing the number of reported cholera cases in Haiti – down from a peak of over 350,000 reported cases for 2011, to 21,916 reported cases for 2014, from 1 January to 30 November. The persistence of cholera in Haiti is mainly due to the lack of access to clean water and appropriate sanitation facilities, and although considerable improvements have been made in this regard, Haiti continues to host the largest cholera epidemic in the Western Hemisphere. Structural issues such as weak water, sanitation and health systems enable cholera, acute diarrhoea and other waterborne diseases to persist. (UNCT, 31 Dec 2014)
At the beginning of 2015, the number of suspected cases was 75 per cent higher than originally expected in the mid-term review of the 2014 Humanitarian Action Plan (i.e. 15,000). From 8 Nov to 31 Dec 2014, the total number of reported suspected cholera cases was 11 324, with 133 fatalities. This is an increase of 20 per cent compared to the same period in 2013. (ECHO, 16 Jan 2015)
Suspected cholera cases reported for January to March 2015 were above those observed in early 2012 (but lower than those reported in the first quarter of 2013). This was predominately due to large outbreaks in the metropolitan region of Port-au-Prince which then spread to other high-risk regions. According to the national authorities, 4,321 suspected cholera cases and 36 deaths were reported in January, 4,055 suspected cases and 46 deaths in February ,and 3,014 cases and 22 deaths in March. (UNCT, 31 Mar 2015)
For the period between Jan-Jun 2015, OCHA reported 17,949 new cases - a 273% increase compared with the same period last year. As of June 2015, cholera has caused 8,992 deaths since the outbreak in Oct 2010. (OCHA, 27 Jul 2015)
According to the cholera figures released by the Minister of Public Health and Population (MSPP), 36,045 cholera cases and 322 deaths were recorded from January to December 2015. This represents, in comparison to 2014, an increase of 24% in the number of cases. In the last three months (October, November, December 2015), the upward trend of cholera persisted in the North and West departments. (OCHA, 31 Dec 2015)
During the first two months of 2016, the cholera epidemic has had a stable development in relation to the outbreak recorded at the end of 2015. The number of cases increased slightly compared to the same period in 2015, but the trend is downward since mid February. Nevertheless the return of the rain could be an important risk factor. In addition, the number of deaths has increased alarmingly: 15% more compared to 2015. (OCHA, 18 Apr 2016)
As of July 2016, health officials have observed a resurgence of cholera cases in several towns, including in the departments of Artibonite, Center, Nippes, North and West. According to a report of MSPP, more than 823 alerts were recorded during the week of 17-23 July 2016, and about twenty towns are on red alert. The situation is reported to be more critical in the towns of Carrefour (109 cases), Port-au-Prince (83 cases), Tabarre (75 cases), Mirebalais (45 cases) and Verrettes (39 cases). (OCHA, 31 Jul 2016)
In October 2016, Hurricane Matthew devastated Haiti which saw an increase of cases in Grand’Anse (148 cases) , Sud (53), and North-Ouest (6 cases) , and Artibonite (28) in the aftermath. (WHO/PAHO, 11 Oct 2016)
On 14 October, the UN Secretary-General established the Haiti Cholera Response Multi-Partner Trust Fund to finance critical priorities of the new UN system approach to cholera in Haiti designed to support the country in overcoming the epidemic and building sound water, sanitation and health systems. (UN, 14 Oct 2016)
A new approach to cholera in Haiti was laid out in the report by the UN Secretary-General (A/71/620) published on 12 December 2016. The UN General Assembly welcomed and committed to this new approach on 16 Dec 2016.
On 6 February, the Government of Haiti and the Humanitarian Country Team...launched an appeal for...US$ 291.5 million to cover the critical humanitarian needs of 2.4 million people, US$ 34.7 million of which would only be for cholera. (OCHA, 6 Feb 2017)
As of 31 December 2016, Haitian and international efforts have succeeded in reducing the cholera cases and fatalities in Haiti by almost 88% since the peak in 2011 (350,000 cases). From 1st January to 15 April, the MSPP registered 5,095 suspected cholera cases and 69 related deaths, in comparison to the 12,536 suspected cases and 134 deaths for the same period in 2016. This downward trend, if maintained, is an opportunity to take this year a big step towards the elimination of the transmission, in case funding is available and rapid response is accordingly intensified. (UNCT, 27 Apr 2017)
According to PAH/WHO, Haiti recorded 814,551 suspected cases of cholera with 9,693 deaths between October 2010 and 31 July 2017. However, since 2016, the epidemiological situation indicates a marked decrease in the transmission of the disease. According to the MSPP / DELR figures, EPI week 23 (2017) to date is officially the period with the lowest number of suspected cases ever since the outbreak of the epidemic in 2010. This situation is more remarkable given that the rainfall accumulated in April and May 2017 was equal to or even higher than the rainfall measured during the passage of Hurricane Matthew in October 2016. (OCHA, 17 Aug 2017)
The efforts of humanitarian partners to achieve the objective of zero cases of cholera continues with encouraging results. Thus, between January and September 2017, the country recorded a total of 10,814 suspected cases of cholera and 107 deaths against 30,211 cases and 289 deaths for the same period of 2016, a decrease of 64.2%. The highest peak in the number of cholera cases occurred in the department of Artibonite with 64.9% of the suspected cases in the month of September followed by Centre ant Ouest departments. To contain this situation, UNICEF’s partners (ACF, ACTED, Solidarités International, and French Red Cross) mobilized teams from other departments to constitute 19 teams mixed with the Rapid Response Teams (EMIRA) of the MSPP1 in the Artibonite alone. PAHO / WHO also deployed teams to outbreak areas to strengthen response either through institutional care or community activities. However, the lack of required funding for all the components of the National Elimination Plan is a handicap and a major risk for future control of the epidemic. (OCHA, 25 Oct 2017)
Commemoration of the first anniversary of Hurricane Matthew. Despite the current response, humanitarian needs persist.
Hurricane Season: Hurricanes Irma and Maria caused 5 deaths in Haiti in September.
The humanitarian community has revised the budget of the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan with 34% decrease
Number of IDPs still living in 27 camps set up in response to the 2010 earthquake (Sept. 2017) Source: DTM 37,667
• Commémoration du premier anniversaire de l’ ouragan Matthew . Malgré la réponse en cours, des besoins humanitaires persistent.
• Saison cyclonique : Les ouragans Irma et Maria ont fait 5 mort en Haïti en septembre.
• La communauté humanitaire a procédé à une révision du budget du Plan de Réponse Humanitaire 2017 avec une baisse de 34%.
Nombre de déplacés dans 27 camps du séisme de 2010 (Sep. 2017) Source : DTM 37,667
Following are UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed’s remarks, as prepared for delivery, to the _Foreign Policy_ 2017 Diplomat of the Year Award Dinner, in Washington, D.C., today:
Thank you, Jonathan Tepperman, for your kind introduction. And thank you, _Foreign Policy_, for honouring me and the other dedicated women diplomats with this award. I am truly humbled and grateful. I accept it not so much for myself, but on behalf of the Organization that I proudly serve.
5 November 2017 – United Nations Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed and UN Special Envoy for Haiti Josette Sheeran wrapped up a three-day visit to the island on Sunday, pledging more help to defeat cholera and assist the Government in achieving the broader aims of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
5 novembre 2017 – La Vice-Secrétaire générale des Nations Unies, Amina Mohammed, et l'Envoyée spéciale de l'ONU pour Haïti, Josette Sheeran, ont effectué de vendredi à dimanche un déplacement de trois jours dans le pays des Caraïbes.
Une visite qui selon les mots du Secrétaire général des Nations Unies, António Guterres, a pour objet de réaffirmer l'engagement des Nations Unies envers le peuple haïtien dans un « nouvel esprit de partenariat » qui fonctionne.
Les efforts des acteurs pour atteindre l’objectif de zéro cas suspects de choléra se poursuivent et donnent des résultats encourageants. Ainsi, entre janvier et septembre 2017, le pays a enregistré un total de 10 814 cas suspects de choléra et 107 décès contre 30 211 cas et 289 décès pour la même période de l’année 2016, soit une baisse de 64,2 %. Le pic le plus important est constaté dans le département de l’Artibonite où 64,9% des cas suspects ont été vus au cours du mois de septembre. S’ensuivent les départements du Centre et de l’Ouest.
The efforts of humanitarian partners to achieve the objective of zero cases of cholera continues with encouraging results. Thus, between January and September 2017, the country recorded a total of 10,814 suspected cases of cholera and 107 deaths against 30,211 cases and 289 deaths for the same period of 2016, a decrease of 64.2%. The highest peak in the number of cholera cases occurred in the department of Artibonite with 64.9% of the suspected cases in the month of September followed by Centre ant Ouest departments.
UNICEF remains one of the key actors supporting humanitarian response efforts across the hurricane-affected countries in the East Caribbean, through a combination of service delivery, technical assistance, communication and advocacy with a two-track approach: immediate humanitarian relief to affected populations and long-term recovery and resilience support. Specifically:
One year ago, Hurricane Matthew swept through Haiti, killing 500 people, injuring 400 and leaving 175,000 homeless. Water networks were damaged, houses with tin roofing swept by wind and rain, and fields destroyed. One year later, we take a look back at our response.
In view of the scale of the crisis, SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL, already on the ground, set up an emergency mission. The three main responses were water access, fight against cholera and food security.
Access to water at the heart of the crisis
The rapid assessment allowed the identification of populations in need of urgent assistance, including over 30,000 children in affected schools.
Conseil de sécurité
8070e séance – matin
17 OCTOBRE 2017
Dans une déclaration présidentielle, le Conseil de sécurité a, ce matin, saisi l’occasion de l’achèvement, le 15 octobre dernier, du mandat de la Mission de stabilisation des Nations Unies en Haïti (MINUSTAH) pour saluer les progrès « notables » accomplis par Haïti depuis 2004 vers la stabilité et la démocratie.
8070TH MEETING (AM)
As the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) completed its mandate on 15 October, the Security Council welcomed the notable progress made by Haiti towards stability and democracy.
In presidential statement S/PRST/2017/20, read by François Delattre (France), its President for October, the Council recognized the contribution MINUSTAH had made in restoring security and stability throughout its 13‑year tenure and expressed appreciation of the efforts of the United Nations Country Team.
13 octobre 2017 – « Le départ de Mission des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation en Haïti représente un moment pour tourner la page en Haïti et un moment pour permettre qu'Haïti continue d'aller de l'avant », a déclaré la Représentante spéciale des Nations Unies pour Haïti et cheffe de la Mission des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation en Haïti (MINUSTAH), Sandra Honoré, à quelques jours de l'arrivée à terme du mandat de la Mission.
13 October 2017 – After 13 years, the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) will close its doors on 15 October. The Mission was established by the Security Council at a time when State authority had been weak and limited to parts of the capital, Port-au-Prince, with the three branches of power either non-functional or non-existent, and a national police force that was overwhelmed by the multiple threats to public order and the rule of law.
National Statement delivered by Ambassador Carl Skau on behalf of Sweden at the United Nations Security Council Debate on the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), 12 October 2017, New York.
I associate myself with the statement that will be made by the European Union later this morning.