Cameroon: Cholera Outbreak - Jun 2010
In 2010, the Far North and North regions of Cameroon experienced the most serious cholera epidemic in Cameroon for several decades. The first case was registered on 6 May, and the disease spread rapidly, reaching all 28 health districts that make up the Far North region. In July, the cholera epidemic reached the North region and affected 10 out of the 15 health districts. The week of 12 to 17 Oct was the most dangerous one with more than 8,000 cases of cholera registered and more than 500 deaths just for the Far North region. Thanks to joint efforts by the Government and its partners, the number of cases and deaths began to drop progressively week after week as from November. By the end of the year, 9,399 cases and 599 deaths were registered in Far North region, while the North region had registered 494 cases, including 22 deaths. (IFRC, 24 May 2011)
AMOUNT: EUR 3 000 000
0 . MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
Due to the deteriorating security situation and increased sectarian violence in the Central African Republic (CAR), many Central Africans and third country nationals living in CAR have been forced to flee, in order to save their lives, into neighbouring countries, particularly to Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Cameroon.
UNICEF’s Humanitarian Action for Children 2012 describes the daily situation of some of the world’s most vulnerable children and women in more than 25 countries and territories beset by emergencies and crisis.
Summary: CHF 141,474 was initially allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 11 June 2010 to support the Cameroon Red Cross National Society in delivering assistance to some 800,000 beneficiaries. The situation deteriorated with an increased number of cholera cases and deaths. Thus the DREF Operation Update no. 1, which was published on 6 August 2010, revised the number of beneficiaries from 800,000 to 3,480,000; and extended the total DREF allocation from CHF 141,474 to CHF 381,154.
This report covers the period 1st January 2010 to 31st December 2010.
By: Arohi Isha Varma, International Medical Corps
In September 2010 cases of cholera reached critical levels in Cameroon in one of the country’s worst reported outbreaks in 20 years. Through a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, International Medical Corps has been implementing a comprehensive program to contain the epidemic as well as develop long-term measures to limit the reappearance of the waterborne disease.
- Key development issues and rationale
for Bank involvement
Cameroon is a country in Central Africa with a population of 18 million and a land area of 475,650 km2. Cameroon is rich in natural resources and characterized by a strong diversity between the regions of the Sahelian North and the tropical forests of the South. Its per capita income in 2006 is US$630, or slightly more than the average of sub-Saharan Africa. Poverty remains widespread, with about 40 percent of the country's population living under the poverty threshold of about US$1 per day.
=B7 Près de 10 millions de personnes affectées par la crise alimentaire en 2010
=B7 Première visite africaine du Chef de l'action humanitaire
=B7 Plus de 1,9 million de personnes touchées par les inondations en Afrique de l'Ouest et du Centre
=B7 Près de 58 000 cas de cholera reportés en Afrique de l'Ouest et du Centre
=B7 Plus de 20 000 personnes affectées de la méningite en 2010
=B7 FCFA 184 milliards reçus pour l'action humanitaire en 2010
=B7 FCFA 219 milliards requis pour faire face aux besoins humanitaires en 2011 en Afrique …
1. In its letter dated 21 December 2007 (S/2007/754), the Security Council agreed to extend the mandate of the United Nations Office for West Africa (UNOWA) until 31 December 2010, and requested me to report on the implementation of the revised mandate of UNOWA every six months. The present report covers the period from 1 July to 31 December 2010.
Alors que le choléra fait des ravages en Haïti, o=F9 ACF se bat pour endiguer la maladie, l'épidémie a pu être contenue au Tchad, o=F9 elle a cependant fait plus de 170 morts.
La presse internationale en a peu parlé. Pourtant, Haïti n'est pas le seul pays touché par le choléra. La maladie s'est aussi développée en Afrique de l'Ouest, notamment au Tchad, o=F9 elle a cependant pu être contrôlée, grâce au travail conjugué du Ministère de la santé et de plusieurs ONG, dont Action contre la Faim.
Period covered by this update: 6 August to 30 October 2010
Summary: CHF 141,474 was allocated from the IFRC's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 11 June 2010 to support the Cameroon Red Cross National Society in delivering assistance to some 800,000 beneficiaries. The situation deteriorated with an increased number of cholera cases and deaths. Thus the DREF Operation Update no. 1, which was published on 6 August 2010, revised the number of beneficiaries from 800,000 to 3,480,000; and also extended the total DREF allocation from CHF 141,474 to CHF 381,154.
Scientists usually point to Central Africa as the site of some of the world's deadliest infectious diseases. Cash-strapped governments usually depend on foreign assistance, especially when pandemics break out.
But now, there's fresh reason to hope for a prompt and effective local response.
- Le Coordinateur humanitaire des Nations Unies, Mme Amos, effectue sa première visite en Afrique
- 1,9 million de personnes affectées par les inondations en Afrique de l'Ouest et du Centre
- Des centaines d'enfants intoxiqués au plomb au Nigeria
- Plus de 52 000 cas de cholera en Afrique de l'Ouest et du Centre depuis mai 2010
- FCFA 22,3 milliards requis pour les inondations au Bénin
- Plus FCFA 36 milliards alloués par le Fonds d'urgence de l'ONU depuis janvier 2010
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)'s Africa Zone (Zone) covers 48 countries in sub-Saharan Africa and is divided into six functional/geographical regions namely the Central Africa (Yaoundé), Sahel (Dakar), Indian Ocean Islands (Mauritius), West Coast (Abuja), East Africa (Nairobi), and Southern Africa (Johannesburg).
Director, Global Communications
International Medical Corps
October 28, 2010, Los Angeles, Calif. - International Medical Corps received a $700,000 grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to respond to a deadly cholera outbreak in northern Cameroon.
By Jeremy Sprigge
MOKOLO, Cameroon, 27 October 2010 - At the temporary cholera treatment centre in Mokolo village, northern Cameroon - a series of specially built tents accommodating cholera patients - Aminatou, 14, lies listlessly on a bed, weak from days of severe diarrhea. An intravenous drip is in her arm to stave off extreme dehydration.
"I came four days ago" she says quietly. "I'm sick with cholera. I'm sick."
Aminatou is not alone.
Over 1.8 million people have been affected by floods in Central and West Africa, which have also killed nearly 400 people, the United Nations humanitarian arm reported today, adding that Benin remains the country hardest hit by the disaster.
Elisabeth Byrs, a spokesperson for the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), told reporters in Geneva that greater financial resources are needed to respond to the situation in West Africa, where over 1.6 million people have been affected and 307 have lost their lives.
Benin remained the country hardest hit by the floods, …
From January to the end of September 2010, CERF has allocated over $372 million, more than the historical annual average of $355 million. During the third quarter of 2010, CERF allocated $90 million. Given funding levels of previous years, CERF disbursements for 2010 will likely pass the $400 million mark by the end of the year.
The second round of underfunded allocations for 2010 has been completed.