Uganda: Marburg Fever Outbreak - Jul 2007
In July 2007, the Uganda Ministry of Health (MoH) and the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed an outbreak of Marburg hemorrhagic fever in Kamwenge District .The affected included the Kitaka gold mine community located within the Kakasi forest reserve. A total of 168 suspected cases were identified and monitored. The outbreak put the neighbouring districts of Kampala, Kabalole, Mukono and Mbarara at high risk due to uncontrolled population movements. A national task force was established to coordinate, monitor and follow up on the intervention. (IFRC, 16 May 2008)
Most read reports
- Monitor: Uganda: Marburg is a global threat, says WHO. 21 Aug 2007
- IFRC: Uganda: Marburg fever outbreak DREF Bulletin no. MDRUG005. 20 Aug 2007
- IFRC: Uganda: Marburg fever outbreak DREF Operation No. MDRUG005 Final Report. 16 May 2008
- New Vision: Uganda: Deadly fever hits Kamwenge again. 2 Oct 2007
- IFRC: Uganda: Marburg fever outbreak DREF Bulletin no. MDRUG005 Update No. 01. 8 Oct 2007
The International Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) is a source of un-earmarked money created by the Federation in 1985 to ensure that immediate financial support is available for Red Cross Red Crescent response to emergencies.
Period covered by this Update: 20 August to 1 October 2007
Summary: CHF 129,275 was allocated from the Federation's DREF on 20 August 2007 to respond to the needs of this operation.
This operation is expected to be implemented for 3 months, and will be completed by 19 November 2007.
Background and situation
Two cases of Marburg Haemorrhagic Fever (MHF), with one death, were confirmed by the Ugandan Ministry of Health (MoH) on 14 July 2007. The area affected is around Kitaka Gold Mine, Kamwenge District, located in western Uganda.
By Fred Ouma
A NEW case of the deadly Marburg haemorrhagic fever has been reported in Kamwenge district in western Uganda.
The Ministry of Health, in a statement yesterday, confirmed that a mine worker at Kitaka gold mines in Kamwenge had contracted the disease, the same place where the deadly virus hit two months ago.
In late July, a 29-year-old man was killed by the Ebola-like virus and another one infected. Both had been working in the Kitaka mines, located 420km west of the capital Kampala.
The mines had been closed temporarily to allow for an ecological study.
- 317 Outbreak news – Marburg haemorrhagic fever, Uganda – update
- 318 Performance of acute flaccid paralysis surveillance and incidence of poliomyelitis, 2007
- 317 Le point sur les épidémies – Fièvre hémorragique de Marburg, Ouganda – mise à jour
- 318 Fonctionnement de la surveillance de la paralysie flasque aiguë et incidence de la poliomyélite, 2007
Identification of infection in a common African fruit bat
Scientists at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and their collaborators have for the first time successfully identified Marburg virus infection in a common species of African fruit bat (Rousettus aegyptiacus). Marburg virus causes severe, often fatal, hemorrhagic fever in people and non-human primates. Bats have been suspected of carrying the virus, but until now, evidence of Marburg virus infection in bats had not been detected.
KAMPALA - THE deadly Marburg virus disease, which was reported in Uganda some weeks ago, is one of the biggest threats to global health security, the World Health Organisation has declared.
"Emerging viral diseases such as ebola, marburg hemorrhagic fever and nipah virus pose threats to global public health security and also require containment at their source due to their acute nature and resulting illness and mortality,'' said a summarised version of the 2007 World Health report due to be released in Geneva tomorrow.
The marburg hemorrhage fever, …
The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 185 countries.
This DREF Bulletin is being issued based on the situation described below reflecting the information available at this time. CHF 129,275 was allocated from the Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 9 August 2007 to respond to the needs in this operation.
Results of laboratory tests on blood samples from Kampala and Kamwenge performed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, USA have confirmed Marburg virus infection in the putative index case, a mine worker, and in one of his close contacts during his illness.
Marburg haemorrhagic fever (MHF) has been confirmed in a 29-year-old man in Uganda. The man became symptomatic on 4 July 2007, was admitted to hospital on 7 July and died on 14 July. The disease was confirmed by laboratory diagnosis on 30 July.
The man had had prolonged close contact with a 21-year-old co-worker with a similar illness to whom he had been providing care. The 21-year-old had developed symptoms on 27 June and was hospitalized with a haemorrhagic illness. He then recovered and was discharged on 9 July.