Tropical Depression Usman - Dec 2018

Past disaster

Disaster description

On 29 December 2018, Tropical Depression "Usman" made landfall in the vicinity of Borongan, Eastern Samar, at 6:00 AM, and weakened into a low pressure area (LPA). Over 4,300 persons were affected in 5 provinces. (Govt. of Philippines, 29 Dec 2018)

As of 30 December, 2018, at least 128,000 people were affected in 26 provinces in Regions V, VIII, CALABARZON, and MIMAROPA. More than 13,000 people are staying in 112 evacuation centers. (Govt. of Philippines, 30 Dec 2018)

Rescue teams in the Philippines on Sunday searched for dozens of missing residents after Cyclone Usman swept through the Southeast Asian archipelago, leaving 22 people dead. The tropical storm brought heavy rain to the Bicol and Eastern Visayas regions, causing massive flooding and landslides, the country's civil defense office said. At least 16 people died in Bicol while six others were killed in Eastern Visayas, civil defense officials said. (Deutsche Welle, 30 Dec 2018)

Tropical Depression Usman has caused flood and landslides affecting around 130,000 persons from Regions IV-A (Calabarzon), IV-B (Mimaropa), V (Bicol), and VIII (Eastern Visayas). According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), 68 have died and 19 are still missing. Four provinces in Region V (Bicol) and 8 municipalities in Orinetal Mindoro have been placed under state of calamity. These are Camarines Sur, Albay, Sorsogon, and Camarines Norte where most of the victims of landslides are located. Some affected provinces have asked for public donations. (ECHO, 1 Jan 2019)

Multiple landslides and widespread flooding caused by Tropical Depression Usman, which made landfall near Borongan, Eastern Samar Province on 29 December, have resulted in over 120 deaths. More than 680,000 people across 14 provinces have been affected by the storm, of which 55 per cent in Bicol Region and 42 per cent in Eastern Visayan Region. At the peak, some 456,000 people were displaced with 1,600 homes reported destroyed and 8,800 damaged. Estimated agricultural losses continue to rise, reaching PHP1 billion (US$ 18 million), with nearly 37,000 farmers and fisherfolk affected. (OCHA, 7 Jan 2019)

According to the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), more than 680,000 people have been affected by the storm. Nearly 55 per cent are located primarily in the province of Camarines Sur in the Bicol Region. As of 10 January, over 1,900 homes are destroyed and more than 15,000 are damaged. The Department of Education reports that over 14,000 learners have been affected. Most of the schools in Buhi, Camarines Sur, were submerged in floodwaters, which damaged desks, textbooks and school supplies. Agricultural losses are approaching PHP2 billion (US$37 million), with over 56,000 farmers and fisherfolk affected, according to the Department of Agriculture and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). More than 23,000 metric tons of rice, corn and high-value crops and over 54,000 hectares of farmland are estimated to have been affected. (OCHA, 10 Jan 2019)

As of 10 January, more than 480,000 people across 14 provinces are reported to have been affected by Tropical Depression Usman. Nearly 60 per cent of those are in Region V, primarily in Camarines Sur. Evacuation centres are beginning to close as people return to their homes: from a peak of 536 shelters, 117 remain open, hosting 57,300 people. Another 83,500 people have already left evacuation centres. The number of people staying with relatives or friends is also declining, from a peak of 220,800 to 158,200. Estimated agricultural losses continue to rise, reaching PHP816 million (USD15.5 million), with nearly 37,000 farmers and fisherfolk affected. P9.2 million ($1.8 million) in assistance has been provided by local authorities, NGOs and DSWD. (OCHA, 14 Jan 2019)

As of 20 January, more than one million people were affected by TD Usman. Over 8,200 people are displaced. At least 2,800 people are taking shelter in 23 evacuation centers. A total of 28 dead are confirmed. (Govt. of Philippines, 20 Jan 2019)

As of 30 January, 18 evacuation shelters remains open to serve at least 2,500 people affected by TD Usman in Calabarzon, Mimaropa, Region V and Region VIII. (Govt. of Philippines, 30 Jan 2019)

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