Madagascar: Drought - Aug 2018Ongoing
Severe drought conditions during southern Madagascar’s rainy season from November 2017 to April 2018 has led to nearly dry dams in many parts of the south. This dryness has affected livestock’s access to water and pastureland, which has led to poor livestock body conditions as many are subsisting on burnt cactus leaves in the absence of viable pastureland. This has similarly affected crop development, with many areas experiencing failed or near failed harvests. Only Ambovombe commune received favorably heavy rains in July that allowed some farmers to plant new maize and potato crops...Poor and very poor households in MG23 (the Mahafaly plains) in the southwest of Madagascar are experiencing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity because of poor or failed agricultural production and the resulting early dependence on markets for food. In Androy Semi-Arid Cassava, Maize and Livestock (MG 24), food security is deteriorating following the harvest period as stocks deplete and poor and very poor households are currently in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) with the exception of Ambovombe where the situation is better. Food insecurity is less severe in the Southeast (MG 19) and Rice and lima bean (MG 20) which remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2). The rest of the country remains in Minimal (IPC Phase 1). (FEWS NET, 30 Aug 2018)
According to Crop and Food Security Assessment (CFSAM) of August 2018, rainfall deficits and fall armyworm attacks have had significant impact on food production levels (particularly staple crops such as maize and cassava), compromising access to food for the majority of households...In coordination with the Government of Madagascar and in collaboration with the humanitarian community, WFP’s response plan will focus on providing food and nutritional assistance to the populations that are classified in IPC crisis and in emergency phases from September-December 2018. Out of 1.3 million people who are classified in IPC crisis (3) and emergency (4) phases, WFP aims to provide food assistance and nutritional support to 849,000 people using a combination of food and cash-based modalities. It is expected that other actors in the food security sector (government and NGOs) will provide assistance to 35% of the population in IPC 3 and 4 phases. A second response phase to support drought-affected communities through early recovery interventions is planned for the January-March 2019 period. During both response phases, WFP will work closely with FAO and other food security and livelihoods cluster members to ensure that the assistance provided is complementary. (WFP, 9 Oct 2018)
Poor and very poor households in the Mahafaly plains (MG23) in the southwest continue to experience Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity because of depleted food stocks and assets, and high dependence on markets while prices are increasing drastically. Androy Semi-Arid Cassava, Maize and Livestock livelihood zone (MG24) is in Crisis! (IPC Phase 3!) due to assistance, but food security is deteriorating as the lean season progresses and households are becoming more dependent on wild food consumption. The level of food insecurity is less severe in the Southeast (MG 19) and Rice and lima beans livelihood zone (MG 20), which both remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2). (FEWS NET, 30 Nov 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- Global Humanitarian Overview 2019
- FAO: El Niño 2018-19
- On the frontline of climate change: Why clean water, decent toilets and good hygiene are essential for communities affected by climate change
- Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 4, December 2018
- Madagascar: Humanitarian Snapshot (August to November 2018)
Every day, an additional 110,000 people are forced into water scarcity: WaterAid
A new ranking by WaterAid of developing countries shows where millions of people are already losing their right to water, increasing their vulnerability to the impact of climate change.
Sudan, Niger and Pakistan are the top 3 countries with the most threatened water supply, based on new analysis of Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative measures of access to water, climate patterns and water usage rates.
Global trends and challenges
More than 1 per cent of people across the planet right now are caught up in major humanitarian crises. The international humanitarian system is more effective than ever at meeting their needs – but global trends including poverty, population growth and climate change are leaving more people than ever vulnerable to the devastating impacts of conflicts and disasters.
Favorable rainfall for cereal planting in the South
The Climate Prediction Centre is predicting El Niño climatic conditions during the main 2018-19 growing season with 70-75% probability while IRI has increased the probability to more than 85%. Furthermore, the forecasts suggest a likelihood of a weak to moderate El Niño event. Historically El Niño climatic conditions have resulted in reduced rainfall across the southern part of Southern Africa.
High risk countries and potential impacts on food security and agriculture
In view of the potential impact of the 2018/19 El Niño on food security and agriculture, high risk countries in Southern Africa, Horn of Africa, Asia and the Pacific and Latin America should be prioritized for further monitoring, analysis and early action.
Most parts of the region are experiencing a slow start to the rainfall season, with below average early rainfall received early in the season
Short term forecasts suggest that the slow onset of rains will continue until at least late November, potentially delaying planting of summer season crops in several areas
Seasonal forecasts suggest high chances for normal to below normal rains in many areas this year, with implications for crop production potential
8.1 million people food insecure in Eswatini,
Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe
4 million people to receive food, cash or vouchers to address immediate lean season needs
Additional USD 212 million required to meet the food needs in the six countries over the lean season (November 2018 - April 2019)
• A seasonal plague upsurge, predominantly of the bubonic form, usually hits Madagascar annually between September and April. Similar to last year, this year’s plague season has begun earlier than usual. The current outbreak is predominantly in rural areas and is largely contained. As of mid–August a cumulative total of 103 plague cases (38 confirmed and 65 suspected) have been recorded and 10 deaths.
The lean season has started earlier than usual in Southern Madagascar
The agricultural season started on time in September in the Central Highlands and Western Madagascar with the timely start of the rainy season, which allowed farmers to plant first season rice and maize. Although normal rainfall is expected in the South, poor households may not have sufficient seeds to plant.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
by Hanitranirina Rarison, an agronomist specializing in food sciences in Fanilon’I Madagasikara. She is also a Girl Guide and actively involved in its nutrition advocacy program.
For Immediate Release
Tuesday, October 16, 2018 Office of Press Relations
Telephone: +1.202.712.4320 | Email: email@example.com
October 15, 2018
Further increase in staple food prices expected through the lean season
WFP urgently requires USD 43.6 million to provide food and nutritional support to 849,000 food insecure people in IPC 4 (emergency) IPC 3 (crisis) phases in southern Madagascar until June 2019, and USD 6 million to assist 197,043 school children during the 2018-2019 school year.
1.26 million people and 5 regions affected by rain shortfalls and failed harvests
The food security and nutritional situation is alarming due to failed harvests and rain shortfalls
Around 400,438 people are in IPC emergency phase and 860,883 people are in crisis phase, in the southern and south-eastern regions
WFP plans on reaching 849,000 people from this population