Central America and the Caribbean: Drought - Jul 2018Ongoing
In El Salvador, there will be a meeting of the United Nations country team tomorrow [27 July] to develop a plan of action following the declaration by the Government of a red alert emergency due to the severe drought affecting some 77,000 corn farmers. Lack of rain led to losses of over 90,000 metric tons of corn, one of the main staple foods in the country. The eastern part of the country has reported 33 consecutive days without rain and record temperatures reaching 41°C. (UN DPI, 26 Jul 2018)
The Government of Honduras declared State of Emergency in the Dry Corridor from August 15th until December 31st, 2018, to address the lack of water provoking a loss of crops. The drought, triggered by El Niño, affects 145 municipalities from 13 departments. 74 of those municipalities with 65,000 families are suffering a severe drought. The decree was recommended by FAO, WFP and the National Risk Management System (Sinager). (Gov't of Honduras, 15 Aug 2018)
[FAO] and [WFP] today [24 August 2018] expressed concern over the drought that has caused major crop losses in Central America. The agencies also warned that the possible arrival of an El Niño before the end of 2018 could exacerbate the precarious food and nutrition security of vulnerable rural communities. The months of June and July registered lower-than-average rainfall and drier-than-average conditions, which affected the first and principal crop cycle in Central America, known as the “primera”. Total or partial loss of crops means that subsistence farmers and their families will not have enough food to eat or sell in coming months. (FAO/WFP, 24 Aug 2018)
In the Dry Corridor in Central America, during the peak season of casual labor demand, households affected by the extended dry spell will be able to cover the minimal calorie intake requirements and will be classified in Stress (IPC, Phase 2), until at least January 2019. However, certain households may face Crisis (IPC, Phase 3) outcomes without changing the area classification. The number of households in Crisis (IPC, Phase 3) will increase through the lean season. (FEWS NET, 17 Oct 2018)
Maize prices in Central America are showing a seasonal decrease started in September after the Primera harvest and remain slightly above the average, except in Nicaragua where they remain significantly above average due to market disruptions from the ongoing political crisis. Bean prices follow a seasonal trend and remain slightly below average. In Haiti maize and black bean prices show a stable trend while imported rice remains above average. Until January 2019, the dry corridor of Central America and certain areas in Haiti (Nord, Nord-Est and Ouest) that were affected by the rain deficit are classified in Stress (IPC, Phase 2), while the rest of the region faces Minimum (IPC, Phase 1) food insecurity. (FEWS NET, 16 Nov 2018) .
Most households through the region are facing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food security outcomes. A limited population in drought affected areas in Haiti, Central American Dry Corridor and areas in Guatemala with limited coffee labor income are seeing their livelihoods disrupted and are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). The number of households in this situation will increase as the lean season advances. (FEWS NET, 22 Jan 2019)
The poorest households of subsistence farming in the Dry Corridor of Central America and certain areas in Haiti who suffered crop losses are relying on the market earlier than usual and are engaging in Crisis coping strategies. They will be facing Crisis (IPC, Phase 3) Food Security outcomes, particularly in Haiti, Guatemala and Honduras. The rest of the region will be in Stressed or Minimal (IPC, Phase 1 and 2) Food Insecurity. (FEWS NET, 29 Mar 2019)
The Central American Climate Outlook Forum forecasted below average cumulated precipitations for the August – October period, particularly in localized areas of Honduras and Nicaragua. In the southeastern region of Honduras, Central and Northern Nicaragua and the Dry Corridor in Guatemala, Primera crops have been affected due to irregular rainfall. In Haiti, below average precipitations have impacted Spring crops while Summer harvest remains uncertain. (FEWS NET, 29 Aug 2019)
Appeals & Response Plans
Most read reports
- FAO: Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 3, September 2019. 19 Sep 2019
- UN News: 41 pays ont besoin d’une aide extérieure pour couvrir leurs besoins alimentaires (FAO). 20 Sep 2019
- FEWS NET: Centroamérica y Haití Monitoreo estacional, 16 de septiembre de 2019. 17 Sep 2019
- FEWS NET: Guatemala: Key Message Update - Deterioro de seguridad alimentaria tras pérdidas de cosechas y altos precios de granos básicos, septiembre 2019. 18 Sep 2019
- FEWS NET: Global Weather Hazards Summary: September 20 - 26, 2019. 19 Sep 2019
L'Union européenne a débloqué 9 millions d'euros d'aide humanitaire en réponse à la détérioration de la situation alimentaire et nutritionnelle à Haïti. L'aide humanitaire permettra de couvrir les besoins alimentaires et nutritionnels essentiels de plus de 130, 000 personnes vivant dans les zones les plus affectées.
Brussels, 13 August 2019
The European Union has released €9 million in humanitarian aid in response to the deteriorating food and nutrition situation in Haiti. The humanitarian aid will cover the basic food and nutritional needs of more than 130,000 people living in the worst affected areas.
Comisión Europea - Comunicado de prensa
Bruselas, 23 de julio de 2019
Brussels, 23 July 2019
As numerous natural disasters threaten vulnerable communities in the Latin American and Caribbean region, the Commission has announced today new humanitarian funding of €18.5 million. This includes €15 million to support preparedness of local communities and institutions for natural disasters throughout the region: Central and South America, the Caribbean and Haiti. A further €2.5 million will support projects addressing violence, and €1 million for food assistance in Central America.
Haiti is facing a sharp deterioration of the political and socio-economic situation. A large demonstration was organised by the political opposition on 9 June, calling for the President's resignation, which gathered several thousand Haitians in Port-au-Prince and other major cities. The demonstration turned violent with roadblocks and looting reported. Three deaths have been linked to the demonstrations, cars were burned and buildings damaged. On 10 June, commercial activities had been limited and schools remained closed.
Due to its vulnerability to natural hazards and high levels of poverty, Haiti has limited capacity to cope with recurring emergencies such as earthquakes, hurricanes, and prolonged droughts.
Acute food insecurity and malnutrition, epidemics, and the humanitarian needs generated by the ongoing migration crisis require sustained humanitarian assistance.
What are the needs?
Drought is affecting the area surrounding the Caribbean Sea. The event shows a patchy pattern distributed over several countries. The drought follows a strong dry spell in mid-2018, hitting primarily Central America and the “dry corridor”*, now revived by weak El Niño conditions.
Impacts concern food security, water supply, agricultural production, power generation and water transportation.
The forecast is rather negative for all continental regions south of the Caribbean Sea, and rather positive for the islands in the north.
WHY THIS REPORT?
For several years the number of people who cannot meet their daily food needs without humanitarian assistance has been rising, primarily driven by two factors: persistent instability in conflict-ridden regions and adverse climate events.
Central American countries and Mexico are highly exposed to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, hurricanes and other natural hazards. Every year, 1.7 million Central Americans require emergency aid.
There are severe humanitarian consequences resulting from the violence in Central America’s northern triangle of Guatemala, Honduras, and Salvador, which particularly affects children and women.
What are the needs?
The food security situation in Central America is worsening due to a meteorological drought at a critical moment of the productive cycle.
THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,
Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid1 , and in particular Article 2, Article 4 and Article 15(2) and (3) thereof,
Having regard to Council Decision 2013/755/EU of 25 November 2013 on the association of the overseas countries and territories with the European Union ('Overseas Association Decision')2 , and in particular Article 79 thereof,