Central America and the Caribbean: Drought - Jul 2018Ongoing
In El Salvador, there will be a meeting of the United Nations country team tomorrow [27 July] to develop a plan of action following the declaration by the Government of a red alert emergency due to the severe drought affecting some 77,000 corn farmers. Lack of rain led to losses of over 90,000 metric tons of corn, one of the main staple foods in the country. The eastern part of the country has reported 33 consecutive days without rain and record temperatures reaching 41°C. (UN DPI, 26 Jul 2018)
The Government of Honduras declared State of Emergency in the Dry Corridor from August 15th until December 31st, 2018, to address the lack of water provoking a loss of crops. The drought, triggered by El Niño, affects 145 municipalities from 13 departments. 74 of those municipalities with 65,000 families are suffering a severe drought. The decree was recommended by FAO, WFP and the National Risk Management System (Sinager). (Gov't of Honduras, 15 Aug 2018)
[FAO] and [WFP] today [24 August 2018] expressed concern over the drought that has caused major crop losses in Central America. The agencies also warned that the possible arrival of an El Niño before the end of 2018 could exacerbate the precarious food and nutrition security of vulnerable rural communities. The months of June and July registered lower-than-average rainfall and drier-than-average conditions, which affected the first and principal crop cycle in Central America, known as the “primera”. Total or partial loss of crops means that subsistence farmers and their families will not have enough food to eat or sell in coming months. (FAO/WFP, 24 Aug 2018)
In the Dry Corridor in Central America, during the peak season of casual labor demand, households affected by the extended dry spell will be able to cover the minimal calorie intake requirements and will be classified in Stress (IPC, Phase 2), until at least January 2019. However, certain households may face Crisis (IPC, Phase 3) outcomes without changing the area classification. The number of households in Crisis (IPC, Phase 3) will increase through the lean season. (FEWS NET, 17 Oct 2018)
Maize prices in Central America are showing a seasonal decrease started in September after the Primera harvest and remain slightly above the average, except in Nicaragua where they remain significantly above average due to market disruptions from the ongoing political crisis. Bean prices follow a seasonal trend and remain slightly below average. In Haiti maize and black bean prices show a stable trend while imported rice remains above average. Until January 2019, the dry corridor of Central America and certain areas in Haiti (Nord, Nord-Est and Ouest) that were affected by the rain deficit are classified in Stress (IPC, Phase 2), while the rest of the region faces Minimum (IPC, Phase 1) food insecurity. (FEWS NET, 16 Nov 2018) .
Most households through the region are facing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food security outcomes. A limited population in drought affected areas in Haiti, Central American Dry Corridor and areas in Guatemala with limited coffee labor income are seeing their livelihoods disrupted and are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). The number of households in this situation will increase as the lean season advances. (FEWS NET, 22 Jan 2019)
The poorest households of subsistence farming in the Dry Corridor of Central America and certain areas in Haiti who suffered crop losses are relying on the market earlier than usual and are engaging in Crisis coping strategies. They will be facing Crisis (IPC, Phase 3) Food Security outcomes, particularly in Haiti, Guatemala and Honduras. The rest of the region will be in Stressed or Minimal (IPC, Phase 1 and 2) Food Insecurity. (FEWS NET, 29 Mar 2019)
Appeals & Response Plans
Most read reports
- ECHO: EU mobilises €9 million to tackle the food crisis in Haiti. 13 Aug 2019
- WFP: Germany contributes €1 million to support families in the dry corridor of Honduras. 3 Aug 2019
- FEWS NET: Global Weather Hazards Summary: August 23 - 29, 2019. 22 Aug 2019
- UN News: El clima se llevó sus cosechas, y ahora pasan hambre. 8 Aug 2019
- OCHA: Haiti Situation Report, 17 Jun 2019. 19 Jun 2019
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JANUARY 2019
Rainfall continues in the Sahel, no weather hazards reported over Africa
Rainfall continues over the Sahel
Los 18 días consecutivos sin lluvias en la zona oriental han puesto en peligro la cosecha de maíz del país. Son 3.2 millones de quintales de maíz en riesgo a nivel nacional, 65,000 manzanas sembradas; en el caso de Usulután son 1.35 millones, el 95 % de la producción de ese departamento, informó hoy Luis Treminio, presidente de la Asociación Cámara de Pequeños Productores Agropecuarios (CAMPO), en una entrevista en la radio 102 Nueve.
Combinación de sequías afecta el territorio nacional desde el 22 de junio de 2018. La zona oriental alcanzó la categoría de severa y contabiliza 18 días secos consecutivos, especialmente en los departamentos de Usulután, San Miguel, Morazán y La Unión.
THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,
Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid1 , and in particular Article 2, Article 4 and Article 15(2) and (3) thereof,
Having regard to Council Decision 2013/755/EU of 25 November 2013 on the association of the overseas countries and territories with the European Union ('Overseas Association Decision')2 , and in particular Article 79 thereof,
Lissett says her diversified vegetable garden makes her feel stronger and more able to cope with crises. “We had a drought two years ago that affected all of us a lot. It made us poorer, but it also made us more intentional about growing more foods besides corn and beans, and finding other ways to make money.”
Precipitaciones promedias favorecen la temporada agrícola de Primera en Centroamérica
• Por el comportamiento regular de las lluvias hacia finales de junio, se han realizado las siembras de granos básicos de Primera, cuya fenología en las diferentes regiones productoras a la fecha se desarrolla sin complicaciones. Es probable que las cosechas sean dentro de los rangos normales en casi toda la región.
Gulf of Guinea is abnormally dry, while areas of Kenya remain at risk for flooding
Africa Weather Hazards
Poorly-distributed rain during the March-May rainfall season has led to large moisture deficits in southeastern Tigray and eastern Amhara regions of Ethiopia.
A slow onset to seasonal rainfall and consistent limited rain over the past several weeks has maintained moisture deficits and caused abnormal dryness over the Gulf of Guinea countries.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR DECEMBER 2018
Por Edgardo Ayala
CANDELARIA DE LA FRONTERA, El Salvador, 8 jun 2018 (IPS) - Tener en la mesa del comedor un recipiente de siete litros con un filtro que purifica el agua captada de la lluvia, y abrir una valvulita para llenar una taza y saciar la sed, es como una revolución para el campesino salvadoreño Víctor de León.
- In West Africa, markets are sufficiently supplied, but seasonally decreasing at below average levels. Demand remained above average and is increasing with depleting household stocks, institutional purchases, and Ramadan approaching. Staple food prices are stable or increasing across countries but are above average in general and will remain so through to the lean season. The pastoral situation is marked by below average fodder availability, reduced exports to Nigeria, and below average prices.