Mauritania: Drought - May 2018Ongoing
Mauritania is currently facing a very serious food and nutrition insecurity situation, the worst that the country has seen in the last five years. According to the results of the latest Harmonized Framework (HF) of March 2018, 350,600 people are currently in severe food insecurity (phase 3, 4) and these figures could reach 538,446 people for the projected period of June to August 2018. These projections for the period of June-August correspond to 14 percent of the population, raising fears of a food crisis comparable to that of 2011-2012. This is the worst situation since the Harmonized Framework analyses are done in the country. (IFRC, 24 May 2018)
Assistance programs run by [WFP], [FAO], [UNICEF] and [NGOs] (Action Against Hunger, Oxfam, Save the Children, Caritas, Agency for Cooperation and Research in Development (ACORD), the French Red Cross, Médecins du Monde, etc.) are under way in parts of certain livelihood zones. They involve free distributions of food and livestock feed as well as cash transfers and nutrition support for malnourished children and breastfeeding or pregnant women. However, they are still inadequate to meet the needs reported by humanitarian workers. (FEWS, 10 Jul 2018)
According to the March 2018 ‘’Cadre Harmonisé’’ analysis, about 350 000 people were estimated to be food insecure between March and May 2018 compared to 379 000 people in October-December 2017. However, this number is projected to increase to 538 000 during the June to August period, if mitigation measures are not taken. (FAO, 2 Aug 2018)
As of 15 August, water supply in Mbera camp is still highly dependent on humanitarian assistance. An initial investment is needed to ensure a smooth transition from emergency to more durable and sustainable water systems in Mbera camp and its surroundings. These investments are crucial given the current drought risk. (UNHCR, 15 Aug 2018)
Most read reports
- Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 3, September 2018
- Mauritania: Food Assistance Fact Sheet - September 30, 2018
- Sahel: Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, the Niger and Senegal Regional overview – October 2018
- West Africa Seasonal Monitor: October 16, 2018
- West Africa Key Message Update, October 2018
Average to above average cumulative seasonal rainfall despite localized early-season deficits
Mauritania, a predominantly desert country of 4 million people, faces high levels of poverty and hunger. The World Bank reports that nearly a third of Mauritanians live under the national poverty line. In addition, a mid-2017 national nutrition survey found that acute malnutrition affected approximately 11 percent of children younger than 5 years of age, representing a serious situation per UN World Health Organization guidelines.
La poursuite de la pluviométrie jusqu’en fin Septembre dans la majeure partie de la région et en début octobre par endroits confirme des récoltes au moins moyennes dans la région même si des dégâts pourraient être observés sur certaines cultures en maturité comme le niébé. La situation pastorale s’est nettement améliorée grâce au bon développement des pâturages et au remplissage des mares. L’embonpoint des animaux est satisfaisant et améliore leur valeur marchande.
Good harvest prospects are expected to improve food security except in conflict areas
La nette amélioration des conditions agropastorales réduit les niveaux de l’insécurité alimentaire
À PROPOS DE CE RAPPORT
6 million estimated to be severely food insecure during the lean season (June‒August 2018)
1.6 million children at risk of severe acute malnutrition
2.5 million pastoralists and agropastoralists at risk of livelihood crisis
USD 166.8 million required by FAO under its three-year programme (2018‒2021)
NOUAKCHOTT, 1st October, 2018 (WAM) -- The UAE Embassy in Nouakchott has distributed food assistance to people affected by drought in Mauritania, as part of the Year of Zayed initiative - 2018.
The assistance, funded by the Sharjah Charity House, Sharjah Charity International, included food items, such as rice, sugar, cooking oil which were distributed to hundreds of Mauritanian families and other eligible persons across rural areas.
Beneficiaries commended the gesture and extended thanks and appreciation to the UAE Embassy and other charitable organisations.
Situation in Numbers
1.6 Million children at risk of SAM in 2018*
403,255 SAM children admitted for treatment (January - June 2018)
4,95 Million people will require food assistance over the lean season (June-August) in 2018
Funding needs (US$)
Mauritania hosts over 2,000 urban refugees and asylumseekers and more than 57,000 Malian refugees in Mbera camp established in 2012 in the arid south-eastern region close to the Malian border.
Despite the conclusion of a peace agreement in 2015, large-scale returns of Malian refugees are not expected due to persistent violence in northern Mali. In July alone, 233 new arrivals were registered in Mbera camp.
As the situation in northern Mali continues to be unstable, Mauritania continues to receive Malian refugees and to support refugees and vulnerable host communities.
In Mauritania, UNHCR provides protection and assistance to over 57,000 Malian refugees in the arid south-east region where Mbera refugee camp was established in 2012.
UNHCR protects and assists over 2,000 urban refugees and asylum-seekers in the cities of Nouakchott and Nouadhibou, mostly from Central Africa, Syria and Côte d’Ivoire.
Security in northern Mali is still volatile and largescale returns are not expected. The host area is subject to drought and is under pressure from the increasing refugee population
Le Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM) a signé cette semaine avec ARC (African Risk Capacity), une agence spécialisée de l'Union africaine, sa première police d’assurance contre les risques climatiques.
Cette police d'assurances appelée ARC Replica est conçue pour permettre aux organisations humanitaires d’acheter des polices d’assurance macro « complémentaires » contre les risques climatiques.
Les paiements sont déclenchés lorsque certains indices, tels que des précipitations faibles ou une végétation réduite, sont confirmés par des données satellitaires.
Conflicts and climatic shocks aggravate current food insecurity in many countries
Some 39 countries in need of food assistance - FAO expects slightly lower global cereal production
20 September 2018, Rome - Persistent conflicts and climate-related shocks are currently driving high levels of severe food insecurity, particularly in Southern African and Near East countries, which continue to require humanitarian assistance, according to a new report published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) today.
La régularité des pluies depuis le mois de juillet dans la majeure partie de la région a permis un développement satisfaisant des cultures qui sont au stade de reproduction-maturation. Aux nouvelles récoltes de maïs, arachide et d’igname provenant des pays côtiers s’ajoutent les récoltes en vert dans les pays sahéliens. En dépit des dégâts de déprédateurs dont la chenille légionnaire, la réunion du PREGEC de septembre 2018 tenue à Lomé évalue les perspectives de récoltes 2018/19 de moyennes à bonnes.
The 2018/19 harvest is expected to be average to above-average
884 mt of food assistance distributed
US$ 1,580,450 cash- based transfers made
US$ 9 m six months (August 2018-January 2019) net funding requirements, representing 13% of total requirement (US$ 61 M)
236,700 people assisted in JULY 2018
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks a total 1,329,991 million Swiss francs, representing a reduction by 361,215 CHF over the initial budget of 1,693,785 million Swiss francs. This reduction reflects the new operational strategy of the Mauritanian Red Crescent (MRC) following the geographic repositioning and implementation constraints. The revised Emergency Appeal focuses on Livelihoods and Health activities, with no significant change in the response sectors in relation to the initial plan of action.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR MARCH 2019
Flood risk remains high over parts of Nigeria, as heavy rainfall is expected to continue
Africa Weather Hazards
Heavy rainfall caused flooding in western and southern Nigeria. The forecast rain during the next week increases the risks for flooding over the region.
Torrential rain has increased the level of the Atbara and Dindir Rivers. Additional rainfall over the region is likely to further raise water levels, including the Nile River and its tributaries.
• L’hivernage 2018 profite d’une pluviométrie globalement favorable sur l’ensemble des pays du Sahel et la production de biomasse suit cette tendance générale positive.
• Les régions au centre et nord du Sénégal enregistrent une pause des précipitations depuis la fin du mois de juillet, qui se traduit par un déficit de la production de biomasse impactant le développement des pâturages et des cultures. Le Sénégal est en situation négative de production de biomasse pour la 5ème année consécutive.